1848-1867 1893-1914






Ireland 1867-1893



Following the uprising of 1867, Liberal politician WILLIAM GLADSTONE made tackling the Irish issue one of his major political goals. The THIRD REFORM BILL of 1884 had not only significantly extended the franchise in England, Scotland and Wales, but also in Ireland, where the number of voters increased from c. 120,000 to c. 740,000. In order to secure a majority in parliament for his liberal government, he depended on the votes of the Irish Home Rule Faction, lead by CHARLES STEWART PARNELL, which had c. 80 seats in parliament. In 1886 and 1893 Gladstone proposed an IRISH HOME RULE BILL. However, on both occasions, the bill, which was rejected by the conservatives, also alienated a substantial wing within Gladstone's own Liberal Party; as it turned out, the matter lead to the split-up of the party. The Ulster Unionists - a group constituting itself on this issue - rejected the bill outright, while Irish nationalists found that the bill did not go far enough; for instance the Irish Constabulary would remain under British control. The Home Rule Bill was rejected, Gladstone's government twice fell over the issue.
In 1890 Parnell was accused to have had a long-term affair with the wife of another member of parliament; this scandal lead to a rift in the Parnellite faction. Parnell died in 1891.

The population of Ireland numbered 5.49 million in 1867, 4.61 million in 1893. In 1880 the Irish birth rate stood at 24.7, considerably lower than that of England and Wales. Emigration figures ranged between a low of 37.600 in 1876 and a high of 108,700 in 1883. The population of Belfast rose from 174,000 in 1870 to 273,000 in 1890; that of Dublin stagnated during the same period at around 246,000.
The number of Irish children attending primary schools rose from 322,000 in 1867 to 527,000 in 1893.
In 1867 Ireland had a railroad network totalling 3,105 km in length; until 1893 it expanded to 4,816 km.







EXTERNAL
FILES
DOCUMENTS List of Irish statesmen, from World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon
On Captain Boycott, in "The Great Round World and What is Going on in it", Vol.1 No.35, July 1897 (on 1880), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
REFERENCE Daniel Webster Hollis, The History of Ireland, Westport : Greenwood 2001, 232 pp.
David Fitzpatrick, Ireland and the Empire, pp.495-521, in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Bernard H. Becker, Disturbed Ireland, Being the Letters Written During the Winter 1880-1881 (1881), posted online by Gutenberg Library Online
Albert Venn Dicey, England's Case against Home Rule (1886), posted online by Gutenberg Library Online
J.B. Bryce et al., Handbook of Home Rule (1887), posted online by Gutenberg Library Online
W.H. Hurlbert, Ireland under Coercion (1888), Pt.1, Pt.2, posted by Gutenberg Library Online
James Godkin, The Land War in Ireland (1870), posted by Gutenberg Library Online



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on April 26th 2002, last revised on October 28th 2007

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