Haiti after the Revolution, 1804-1859

In 1804, JEAN-JACQUES DESSALINES crowned himself Emperor of Haiti, in imitation of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was assassinated in 1806. Haiti now split up into a northern-central Empire, under HENRI CHRISTOPHE, and a southern territory under president ALEXANDRE PETION. In 1818 Petion was succeeded by JEAN PIERRE BOYER, who reunited Haiti in 1820 and in 1822 occupied the Dominican Republic (Spanish Haiti), thus unifying the island of Hispaniola.
Yet, Haitian rule over the Dominican Republic was perceived as oppressive and foreign. After Boyer's death (1843), the Haitians were expelled. Haiti would see another Emperor, FAUSTIN SOULOUQUE (1847-1859).
Haiti's economy had transformed from an export-oriented plantation economy to an agrarian subsistence economy based on small farms.

Haiti, from Library of Congress, Country Studies
Articles from Infoplease : Haiti
Early Haiti 1804-1843, links from Bob Corbett's page on Haiti
DOCUMENTS Historical Flags of Haiti, from FOTW
Convention between Great Britain and Haiti pertaining to the ending of Slave Trade, 1839, posted bt Bob Corbett
REFERENCE Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on November 6th 2004

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