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United Kingdom Bahamas
First posted on June 22nd 2002, last revised on November 12th 2010







Discovered in 1505; settled by the Virginia Company in 1609. Status : British overseas territory.

Historical Atlas, British Empire - the Caribbean Page







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles
Article : Bermuda, from Wikipedia
Historical A.E. Verrill, The Bermuda Islands: An Account of Their Scenery, Climate, Productions, Physiography (1902), posted on Internet Archive
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Bermuda, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Bermuda, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from BBC News; from 1505-1699, 1700-1899, 1900-1999, since 2000, by Keith Archibald Forbes
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
From Bermuda Online : Bermuda's early history in it's postage stamps; Admiral Sir George Somers Colonized Bermuda
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, on Bermuda Bermudas, pp.394-398 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
W. Brownell, Bermuda Past And Present (1933), posted on Internet Archive
Th.L. Godet, Bermuda: Its History, Geology, Climate, Products, Agriculture, Commerce .. (1860), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods W.H. Siebert, The Legacy of the American Revolution to the British West Indies and Bahamas (1913), posted on Internet Archive
Politics Category : Politics of Bermuda, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Web : Bermuda
Governments on the WWW : Bermuda
Military Article Military of Bermuda, from Wikipedia
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
From Bermuda Online : British Forts on Bermuda
W.N. Hutchinson, Standing Orders Issued to the Two Battalions, XXth Regiment, at Bermuda, in 1842 (1845), posted on Internet Archive
Economy & Finances Entry Bermuda, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of Bermuda, from Wikipedia
Catregory : Economy of Bermuda, from Wikipedia
Bermuda, from Ministry of Rum
Social History Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Bermuda
J. Stephen, The slavery of the British West India colonies delineated, vol.1, 1824, vol.2, 1830, GB
Ethnography Languages of Bermuda (1), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Bermuda
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Bermuda, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Bermuda, from Jewish Virtual Library
Th.W. Smith, History of the Methodist Church within the territories embraced in the late conference of eastern British America, including Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Bermuda (1877), posted on Internet Archive
D. Johnson, History of Methodism in eastern British America : including Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland and Bermuda (n.d.), posted on Internet Archive
Local History Parishes of Bermuda, from www.statoids.com
List of Cities in Bermuda, from Wikipedia
From Bermuda Online : Town of St. George's
Institutions Bermuda, from Airline History
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Bermuda
Culture Article Bermuda at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies
Others Disaster History by Country : Bermuda, from Relief Web
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel)
Lists of Ambassadors Heads of Post : Bermuda, from MOFA, Canada
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : Bermuda, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos, since 2003; from IFES Election Guide, since 1998
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
ICON, International Coalition on Newspapers : Newspaper Digitization Projects, scroll down for Bermuda
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Bermuda, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers (links)
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Don Short, Old Photos of Bermuda 1962
T. Enami, Old Bermuda in the 1930s
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Bermuda
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Eagle Airways
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Constitutions, Laws From Bermuda Online : Royal Charters between England and Virginia including Bermuda
Bermudas, pp.388-396 in Charles Clark, A summary of colonial law, the practice of the Court of Appeals from the Plantations and of the Laws and their Administration of All the Colonies, 1834, GB
Bermudas, pp.363-385 in vol.1 of J.H. Howard The laws of the British colonies, in the West Indies and other parts of America concerning Real and Personal Property and the Manumission of Slaves with a View of the Constitution of each Colony, 1827, GB
Treaties
Consular Reports Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations Bermuda, pp.760-762 in 1857, GB
Chamber of Commerce Reports British trade in certain colonies. Reports on British trade in British West Africa, Straits Settlements, British Guiana, and Bermuda, furnished to the Board of trade by the honorary correspondents of their commercial intelligence branch in those colonies (1913), posted on Internet Archive
Document Collections Caribbean GenWeb Project, scroll down for Bermuda
Socviety of Genealogists : West Indies, scroll down for Bermuda
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Bermudas, from EB 1911
Article Bermudas, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Bermuda, pp.47 in W. Chapin, The Missionary Gazetteer, 1825, GB
Economic Of the Bermudas, or Summer Islands, pp.569-570 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
The Bermuda Islands, p.367 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Bermuda, in Ch. Vere, The pocket cambist, 1836, GB
Bermudas, p.628 in J. Blunt, The shipmaster's assistant, and commercial digest , 1837, GB
Geographical British West Indies : Bermudas, pp.834-835 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
The Bermudas, pp.647-648 in vol.4 of J. Adolphus, The political state of the British Empire, 1818, GB
The Bermudas, p.196 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Historical Bermudas, pp.522-526 in J.H. Wynne, A general history of the British empire in America, 1770, GB
Bermudas, pp.285-297 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
The Bahama Islands and Bermudas, pp.358-360 in W.F. Mavor, The history of the discovery and settlement: to the present time, of North and South America and the West Indies, 1804, GB
Bermuda, p.1190 in vol.1 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, 1866, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues The Bahamas, pp.133-143 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Museum Directory : Bermuda, from Caribbean Museums
Bermuda National Library
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Bermuda, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coins from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Bermuda Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Bermuda Stamps 1865-1921, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Bermuda survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Bermuda National Bibliography, IFLA Entry
general bibliographies G.W. Cole, Bermuda in periodical literature, with occasional references to other works. A bibliography, 1907, IA
NNDB Bibliography : Bermuda
Bermuda Books
annual bibliographies Bermuda National Bibliography Jan.-Mar. 2011, April-June 2011
specialist bibliographies Institute of Nautical Archaeology, Warwick Project, Bermuda : Bibliography
serial publications
general bibliographies
Bermuda entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbooks Article : Bermuda, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p.662, 1944 p.108, 1945 pp.105-106, 1946 p.124, 1947 pp.124-125, 1948 p.119, 1949 p.103, 1950 p.110, 1951 p.107, 1952 p.102, 1953 p.103, 1954 p.101, 1955 p.163, 1956 p.102, 1957 p.161, 1958 p.100, 1959 pp.103-104, 1960 pp.103-104, 1961 p.104, 1962 p.91, 1963 p.206 [G]
Article : Colonies and Dependent Territories, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.265-268, 1965 p.252, 1966 p.203, 1967 po.218, 220-222, 1968 p.216 [G]
Article : Dependent States : Bermuda, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.273, 276-277, 1970 p.277, 1971 pp.266-267 [G]
Article : Bermuda, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.203-204, 1898 pp.203-204, 1901 pp.235-236, 1905 pp.261-263, 1910 pp.238-239, 1919 pp.269-271, 1924 pp.267-269, 1925 pp.272-273, 1926 pp.273-275, 1928 pp.273-274, 1929 pp.276-278, 1932 pp.278-280, 1937 pp.301-303, 1943 pp.265-267, 1970-1971 pp.134-136 [G]
Article : Bermudas, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.100, 1928 p.89, 1930 p.104, 1931 p.105, 1932 p.103, 1933 p.94, 1934 p.107, 1935 p.95, 1936 p.86, 1937 pp.74-75 [G]
Article : Bermuda, in : Americana Annual 1943 pp.98-99, 1944 pp.89-90, 1945 pp.91-92, 1946 p.99, 1947 pp.77-78, 1957 p.88, 1962 p.78, 1963 p.90, 1964 p.91 [G]
Article : Bermuda, in : The International Year Book 1898 p.98, 1899 pp.112-113 [G]
Article Dependent States : Bermuda, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.238-239, 243, 1973 pp.229-230, 234, 1974 pp.246-247, 251, 1975 pp.230-231, 1976 pp.247-248, 252, 1977 pp.246-248, 251, 1978 pp.304-305, 1979 p.305, 1980 pp.300-301, 303, 305, 1981 pp.301, 303, 305-306, 1982 pp.297, 299-301, 1983 pp.297, 299-300, 1984 p.293, 1985 pp.603-604, 639, 1986 pp.597-598, 635, 1988 pp.518-519, 556, 1989 pp.519, 556, 1990 pp.534-535, 572 [G]
Article : Bermuda, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.228-230, 1978-1979 pp.211-213, 1980-1981 pp.210-212, 1983-1984 pp.212-214, 1984-1985 pp.211-213, 1985-1986 pp.210-212, 1987-1988 pp.211-213, 1989-1990 pp.212-214, 1990-1991 pp.212-214, 1991-1992 pp.211-213, 1992-1993 pp.211-213, 1993-1994 pp.212-214, 1994-1995 pp.207-209, 1995-1996 pp.196-198, 1996-1997 pp.211-213 [G]
Article : United Kingdom : Bermuda, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1997-1998 pp.1370-1372, 1998-1999 pp.1491-1494, 2000 pp.1678-1681, 2001 pp.1642-1645, 2002 pp.1701-1704, 2003 pp.1704-1707, 2004 pp.1720-1723, 2005 pp.1734-1737 [G]
Article : Bermuda, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.112-113, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.112-113, 4th ed. 1984 pp.113 [G]
Article : Bermuda, in : Americana Annual 1972 p.134, 1973 p.129 [G]
Article : British Commonwealth : Bermuda, in : Americana Annual 1974 p.184 (on events of 1973) [G]
Entry : Bermuda, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.416-422 [G]