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Captaincy General
of Yucatan
Captaincy General
of Guatemala
First posted on June 27th 2010

Conquered by Spain in 1511. The Captaincy General of Cuba was created in 1607 as part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. It covered the island of Cuba and on the mainland Florida. When Jamaica was lost to England in 1655, many of the Spanish settlers from Jamaica moved to Cuba. Florida was ceded to Britain in 1763, and regained in 1783. Louisiana was added to the Captaincy General in 1763 and formally returned to France in 1800, although Spain / the Captaincy General of Cuba continued to administer it until 1803/1804 and maintained her claim on the territory until 1819, when Florida was lost to the United States.
When Mexico gained independence in 1821, the Captaincies General of Cuba and Puerto Rico now were directly placed under the Spanish colonial administration.

The economic development of the island only began after the British occupation of Havana in 1762 and the immigration of sugar plantation owners fleeing revolution in Haiti 1791. While Spain's colonial possessions in continental America were independent by 1826, Spain held on to Cuba and suppressed several rebellions. Following the Spanish-American War 1898 Cuba declared independence in 1902.

Students' Papers : Lee, Jiyeon, Comparative History of Empires : Cuba and the Philippines under Spanish Rule (2009)
Students' Papers : Lee, Si-eun : History of Indian and Chinese Coolies and their Descendants (2008)

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Country Profiles Modern Article : Captaincy General of Cuba, from Wikipedia
Article : Capitania General de Cuba, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Historical E.M. Masse, L'Isle de Cuba et La Havane, 1825, in French, GB
J.B.R. de Beauvallon, L'Ile de Cuba, 1844, in French, GB
R.R. Madden, The Island of Cuba, 1849, GB
R.B. Kimball, Cuba and the Cubans, 1850, GB
A. Jones, Cuba in 1851, 1851, GB
A. Humboldt, The island of Cuba, 1856, GB
Cuba, pp.28-51 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
D. Alcala-Galiano, Cuba en 1858 , 1858, in Spanish, GB
J.G. de Arboleya, Manual de la isla de Cuba, 1859, in Spanish, GB
R.H. Davis, Cuba in War Time (1897), posted on Internet Archive
Links Categoria : Capitania General de Cuba, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
Instituto de Historia de Cuba
Florida Historical Society
Cuban Genealogy Center
Institutiones, from Cuba Arqueologia
Historical Dictionaries
Portals Cuba Arqueologia
Timelines Chronologia de Cuba Colonial, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Accounts of History Modern
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, of Cuba A.J. Valdes, Historia de la isla de Cuba, y en especial de La Habana, 1813, in Spanish, GB
R. de la Sagra, Historia economico-politica y estadistica de la isla de Cuba, 1831, in Spanish, GB
Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'ile de Cuba, 1842, in French, GB
M.M. Ballou, History of Cuba, 1854, GB
W.F. Johnson, The history of Cuba (1920), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, vol.4, vol.5, posted on Internet Archive
R.B. Kimball, C.F. Madan, J.A. Saco, Cuba, and the Cubans: Comprising a History of the Island of Cuba, Its Present Social, Political ... (1850), posted on Internet Archive
P.J. Guiteras, Historia de la isla de Cuba vol.1, 1865, vol.2, 1866, in Spanish, GB
E. Blanchet, Compendio de la historia de Cuba, 1866, in Spanish, GB
Specific Periods I.A. Wright, The Early History of Cuba, 1492-1586 (1916), posted on Internet Archive
I.A. Wright, Santiago de Cuba and its district (1607-1640) (1918), posted on Internet Archive
Th.W. Wilson, An authentic narrative of the piratical descents upon Cuba, 1851, GB
V.G. Verdugo, Cuba contra Espana, 1869, in Spanish, GB
Administration Links M. Tacon, Relacion del gobierno superior y capitania general de la isla de Cuba, 1838, in Spanish, GB
Political Discussion Isla de Cuba: supresion de conventos, contribucion extraordinaria de guerra, inconvientes de estas medidas alli, 1837, in Spanish, GB
Algunas reformas en la isla de Cuba, 1865, in Spanish, GB
Military Wars of Cuba, from Armed Conflict Events Data
U.S. War Department, Military notes on Cuba (1898), posted on Internet Archive
Naval actions, and operations against Cuba and Porto Rico, 1593-1815 (1911), posted on Internet Archive
Tr. White, Pictorial history of our war with Spain for Cuba's freedom ... including a description and history of Cuba, Spain, Philippine Islands ... (1898), posted on Internet Archive
J.B. Amores Carredano, La Capitania General de Cuba y la Defensa de Luisiana y Florida ante el Expansionismo Norteamericano (1783-1789), EHU
Article : Castillo de la Real Fuerza (Havana, Cuba), Castillo del Morro (Havana, Cuba), from Wikipedia
Fort Matanzas, St. Augustine, Fla., Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine, Fla., from National Park Service
Articles : Battle of Santiago de Cuba (1741), Battle of Havana (1762), Ten Years' War 1868-1878, Little War 1879-1880, Cuban War of Independece 1895-1898, Spanish-American War 1898, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances Ch.A. Goessmann, Notes on the manufacture of sugar in the island of Cuba, 1865, GB
R. Pasaron y Lastra, La isla de Cuba considerada economicamente, 1858, in Spoanish, GB
M. Torrente, Bosquejo economico politico de la Isla de Cuba, vol.1, 1852, vol.2, 1853, in Spanish, GB
L.Salvucci, Merchants and Diplomats. Philadelphia's early trade with Cuba
Social History H.H.S. Aimes, History of Slavery in Cuba, 1511 to 1868 (1907), posted on Internet Archive
P. Valiente, Reformes dans les iles de Cuba et de Porto-Rico (1869) in French, posted on Internet Archive
Mel Fisher, Cuba : The Last Slave Ships (1860)
D.R. Murray, Statistics of the Slave Trade to Cuba 1790-1867, Latin American Studies
M. Torrente, Slavery in the island of Cuba: with remarks on the statements of the British Press relative to the Slave Trade, 1853, GB
U.F. Sotomayor, Isla de Cuba: inmigracion de trabajadores espanoles, 1855, GB
F. de Armas y Cespedes, De la esclavitud en Cuba , 1866, in Spanish, GB
F. Figuera, Estudios sobre la isla de Cuba: La cuestion social, 1866, in Spanish, GB
Ethnography Languages of Cuba (3), from Ethnologue
Cuba, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Cuba, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Cuba, from Wikipedia
Cuba, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Patron Saint Index : Cuba
History of Regions Article : Organizacion territorial del Virreinato de Nueva Espana (Wikipedia Spanish edition) on Nov. 27th 2010 states : mas la Capitania General de Cuba (actuales Cuba, Republica Dominicana, Puerto Rico, Trinidad y Tobago y Guadalupe). However, Spanish Hispaniola and Puerto Rico formed separate Captaincies General; Trinidad was administratively under the Viceroyalty of Lima.
Article : Spanish Florida, from Wikipedia
Article : Florida Espanola, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
J. Worth, Spanish Florida: Evolution of a Colonial Society, 1513-1763
Article : Louisiana (New Spain), from Wikipedia
Article : Luisiana Espanola, from Wikipedia Spanish edition
Local History List of Cities in Cuba, from Wikipedia
History of La Habana, of Santiago de Cuba, from Wikipedia
Institutions Article Ferrocarriles de Cuba, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Cuba
Article : University of Havana : History, from Wikipedia
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Cuba
Biographies List of Cubans, from Wikipedia
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Cuba
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel)
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Cuba, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Documents Historical Newspapers Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Search Scripophily for Cuba
Archival Deposits Portada de Pares, Archivos de Espana
Search National Archives (UK), Österreichisches Staatsarchiv (8 items) for Cuba
Foreign Office (British) : Correspondence with the Commissioners at Sierra Leone, Havana .. (1860), posted on Internet Archive
Havana Consulate 1810-1842, in : Nicholas Philip Trist Papers, held at Library of Congress
Cuban Heritage Collection : Cuba Capitania General Collection, 1851-1898, held at University of Miami Libraries
Archivo General Militar de Madrid : Fondos Relativos a Ultramar : Capitania General de Cuba, from Censo-Guia de Archivos de Espana y Iberoamerica
Constitutions, Laws Autos-acordados de la Real audiencia de la isla de Cuba vol.1, 1834, vol.2, 1840, in Spanish, GB
Registro de legislacion ultramarina y ordenanza de intendentes de 1803, 1839, in Spanish, GB
Consular Reports Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations Cuba pp.25-34 in 1842, Cuba : Havana, pp.122-146, Matanzas pp.146-149, Trinidad de Cuba pp.149-151 in 1857, GB
Annual report of the Commissioner of Patents, Part 2, Cuba p.529 in 1859 : Agriculture, 1860, GB
Reports from Her Majesty's consuls on the manufactures, commerce ... vol.6 Spain : Havana, pp.214-218, in 1868, 1868, GB
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Case of the Black Warrior and Other Violations of American Citizens by Spanish Authorities, 1854, GB
Correspondence relating to the progress of the revolution in Cuba, 1869, GB
Report of L.O'B. Branch from the committee on foreign affairs, on the acquisition of Cuba, 1859, GB
Historical Maps Mapoteca del Archivo Nacional de Cuba, from Cronicas Cartograficas
Old Florida Maps : The Frontier of Spanish Florida, University of Miami Library
Early Maps of the American South : Collections: AGI, Maps of Spanish Florida and Louisiana
Map : Spanish Florida 1803, from Wikimedia Commons
Mapa Historico Pintoresca Moderno de al Isla De Cuba. May, B. y Ca. 1853, posted in David Rumsey Collection
Historical Maps of Cuba, from Alabama Maps, commercial site
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Cuba, Havana, Santiago de Cuba, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Economic Cuba, p.687 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Spanish Islands : Cuba, Porto Rico, Trinidad, Part of St. Domingo, p.367 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Cuba, Havannah, posted by DTBSWS
Havannah, in Ch. Vere, The Pocket Cambist, 1836, GB
Commercial Regulations : West Indies : Spanish Possessions : Cuba, pp.628-633 in J. Blunt, The Shipmaster's Assistant, and Commercial Digest, 1837, GB
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Spanien : Cuba und Portorico, vol.4 1844 pp.84-88, posted by DTBSWS
Cuba pp.483-498 in vol.1 of I.S. Homans, A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation, 1859, GB
Geographical Cuba, pp.38-40, East Florida, pp.43-44, West Florida pp.44-45 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
Spanish West Indies : Cuba, pp.836-837 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
Cuba, pp.60-63 in G. Long, America and the West Indies : geographically described, 1845, GB
Historical Spanish West Indies : Cuba, pp.297-299 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Cuba, pp.432-433 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Cuba, p.1187 in vol.1 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, 1866, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues A. Abbott, Letters written in the interior of Cuba, 1829, GB
D. Turnbull, Travels in the West. Cuba: with Notices of Porto Rico, and the Slave Trade, 1840, GB
Havana, pp.85-104 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
J. W. Howe, A trip to Cuba, 1860, GB
Residence Memoirs H. von Gerdauen, Drei Monate auf der Insel Cuba: Ein Gemälde aus dem Negerleben, 1851, in German
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Archivo Nacional de Cuba
National Archives, from UNESCO Archives Portal
Academic and Research Libraries - Cuba, from UNESCO Libraries Portal
Category : Museums in Cuba, from Wikipedia
Museum Directory : Cuba, from Caribbean Museums
Florida Memory, State Archives and Library of Florida
Historical Museum of Southern Florida
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Cuba : Historical Flags, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Cuba, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Search Coin Archives for Cuba
Stamps Rare Cuba Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Cuba 1873-1899, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliography General RHS Bibliography
on the Caribbean Bibliographies & Research Guides, from University of Miami Libraries, Cuban Heritage Collection
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography . Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
Bibliography, from Cuban Numismatic Association
Latin American Books
Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on Caribbean
Cuban Imprints published before 1900 in University of Florida Rare Book Collection
Spanish Florida Bibliography, by John Worth
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Digitized Books, from CubaGenWeb
Thesis Server TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish); search for Cuba
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Leslie Bethell, Cuba : A Short History, Cambridge : UP 1993 [G]
Clifford L. Staten, The History of Cuba, Westport CT : Greenwood 2003 KMLA Lib.Sign. 972.91 S797h
Chapter XXX : Cuba's Batista, pp.454-469 in : John Gunther, Inside Latin America, NY : Harper & Bros. [G]
Michael Gannon, A Short History of Florida, University Press of Florida 1993, 192 pp. [G]
Specific Topics Evelyn Hu-Dehart, The Chinese of Peru, Cuba and Mexico, pp.220-222 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Historical Dictionaries Jaime Suchlicki, Historical Dictionary of Cuba, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1988 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbooks Article : Spain - Cuba and Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.959-961 (on events of 1894) [G]
Article : Spain - Cuba and Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Year Book 1898 pp.959-961 (on events of 1897) [G]
Article : Cuba, in : The American Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events 1886 pp.275-277 [G]
Article : Cuba and Puerto Rico, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1894 pp.234-235 [G]
Article : Cuba, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.238-242 [G]

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