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First posted on June 26th 2002, last revised on November 15th 2010







Discovered and claimed for Spain by Columbus. In 1655 conquered in the name of England; however until the early 18th century Jamaica was a pirate's nest. Independent in 1962.

Historical Atlas, British Empire - the Caribbean Page







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Jamaïque, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on Jamaica J. Stewart, An account of Jamaica: and its inhabitants, 1808, GB
S. Honey, Letters from the West Indies: relating especially to the Danish island St. Croix, and to the British Islands Antigua, Barbadoes and Jamaica, 1838, GB
Jamaica, pp.98-179 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
B. Martin Sr., Jamaica, as it was, as it is, and as it may be, 1835, GB
Links General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Jamaica, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
Jamaica National Heritage Trust
Archaeological Society of Jamaica
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News
A Timeline of Jewish Jamaica, from sephardim.org
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia; by Donna Essix, by Joy Lumsden
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, of Jamaica H. Sloan, Histoire de la Jamaïque, 1751, in French, GB
E. Long, The history of Jamaica: or, General survey of the antient and modern state, 1774, GB
R. Renny, An history of Jamaica, 1807, GB
D. de Bercy, Histoire civile et commerciale de la Jamaïque, 1818, in French, GB
G.W. Bridges, The annals of Jamaica (1827), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
J.M. Philippo, Jamaica : its past and present state, 1843, GB
Jamaica, pp.137-212 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
J.J. Wood, Jamaica: its history, constitution, and topographical description (1884), posted on Internet Archive
J. Ogilby, A Description and History of the Island of Jamaica (1851), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods W.H. Siebert, The Legacy of the American Revolution to the British West Indies and Bahamas (1913), posted on Internet Archive
E.B. Underhill, The tragedy of Morant Bay, a narrative of the distrubances in the Island of Jamaica in 1865 (1895), posted on Internet Archive
F.G. Spurdle, Early West Indian government; showing the progress of government in Barbados, Jamaica, and the Leeward Islands, 1600-1783 (n.d.), posted on Internet Archive
E.J. Eyre, The history of the Jamaica case: being an account, founded upon official documents, of the rebellion of the negroes in Jamaica: the causes which led to it, and the measures taken for its suppression; the agitation excited on the subject, its causes and its character; and the debates in Parliament, and the criminal prosecutions, arising out of it (1869), posted on Internet Archive
A.O. Exquemelin, The buccaneers of America; a true account of the most remarkable assaults committed of late years upon the coasts of the West Indies by the buccaneers of Jamaica and Tortuga (both English and French) Wherein are contained more especially the unparalleled exploits of Sir Henry Morgan (1893), posted on Internet Archive
H.P.B. Sligo, Jamaica under the apprenticeship system, 1838, GB
Politics Links Politics of Jamaica, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Jamaica; Governments on the WWW : Jamaica
Foreign Policy Wikipedia : Caribbean Community (member since 1973), Wikipedia : Organization of American States (member since 1969); United Nations (since 1962)
Association of Caribbean States (since 1994)
Article : Foreign Relations of Jamaica
Military Wars of Jamaica, from Armed Conflict Events Data
Jamaica Volunteers History; Jamaica Rangers History; Independent Companies (Jamaica); from On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies
History of Fort Augusta, from Portmore Info
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Jamaica, from ODM
Article Military History of Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
Economy & Finances Entry Jamaica, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of Jamaica, from Wikipedia
History, from Jamaica Chamber of Commerce
History of Bank of Jamaica
The History of Coffees in Jamaica, from Sweet Marias
Company Histories : Air Jamaica Ltd.
Enterprise Jamaica, from Economy Point
Social History J. Stephen, The slavery of the British West India colonies delineated, vol.1, 1824, vol.2, 1830, GB
W.G. Sewell, The ordeal of free labor in the British West Indies, 1861, GB; on Jamaica pp.169-309
Ethnography Languages of Jamaica (3), from Ethnologue
The Irish in Jamaica, from The Wild Geese Today
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Jamaica
Jamaïque, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Jamaica, pp.812-814 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Jamaica, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Jamaica, from Jewish Virtual Library
Category : Religion in Jamaica, from Wikipedia
James M. MacDonald, A Sketch of the History of the Presbyterian Church in Jamaica (NY 1847), posted by google books
Jewish History on Jamaica, by Ainsley Cohen Henriques
A Timeline of Jewish Jamaica, from sephardim.org
B. Ellis, The diocese of Jamaica; a short account of its history, growth and organisation (1913), posted on Internet Archive
J.H. Buchner, The Moravians in Jamaica 1754-1854, 1854, GB
History of Regions Category : Counties of Cuba, Subdivisions of Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Parishes of Jamaica, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Jamaica, from Wikipedia
History of Kingston, of Port Royal, Montego Bay, from Wikipedia
Institutions Jamaica, from Airline History; Company History, from Air Jamaica
Allen Morrison, History of the Tramways of Kingston, Jamaica; Article Railways of Jamaica, from Wikipedia
History of Radio Jamaica
History of the Jamaica Constabulary Force
Structurae : Jamaica
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Jamaica
Culture History of Jamaican Music 1959-1973, by the Global Village Idiot (!)
Biographies List of Jamaicans, from Wikipedia
National Heroes, from National Library of Jamaica
H. Hume, The life of Edward John Eyre, late governor of Jamaica (1867), posted on Internet Archive
Others Brief History of Scouting in Jamaica, from JA Scouts
History of Jamaica Red Cross
Jamaica at the UN 1962-1995, by H.S. Walker
History of Jamaica College
Disaster History by Country : Jamaica, from Relief Web; Jamaica's Hurricane History, from Joyous Jamaica; History with Tropical Systems : Kingston, Montego Bay, Port Antonio, Savanna la Mar, from Hurricane City
Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World, Jamaica
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Jamaica
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
general account of the calamities occasioned by the late tremendous Hurricanes and Earthquakes in the West Indian Islands, Foreign and Domestic, 1781, GB; Jamaica pp.5-30

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Article : United States Ambassador to Jamaica, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : Jamaica, from MOFA, Canada
List of High Commissioners from the United Kingdom to Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Jamaica, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos, since 1997; from IFES Election Guide, since 2002
IPU Election Archive : House of Representatives, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2002
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
ICON, International Coalition on Newspapers, Newspaper Digitization Projects, scroll down for Jamaica
Specific Newspapers The New Jamaica Magazine, 1799, GB
Selected Articles History of Jamaica, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Jamaica, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers (links)
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections Category : Historical Images of Jamaica, from Wikimedia Commons
Universal Collections
Items on Jamaica
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Air Caribbean Transport, Air Jamaica, Air Jamaica Express, British Caribbean Airways, Trans-Jamaican Airlines
Search Scripophily for Jamaica
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for Jamaica
Materials on the History of Jamaica in the Edward Long Papers held at the British Library
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Jamaica, from ILO, 26 docs. since 1962
Jamaica, pp.338-364 in Charles Clark, A summary of colonial law, the practice of the Court of Appeals from the Plantations and of the Laws and their Administration of All the Colonies, 1834, GB
Jamaica, pp.19-94 in vol.1 of J.H. Howard The laws of the British colonies, in the West Indies and other parts of America concerning Real and Personal Property and the Manumission of Slaves with a View of the Constitution of each Colony, 1827, GB
The Laws of Jamaica, vol.2, 2nd ed. 1802, vol.5, 2nd ed. 1824, vol.6, 1817, , vol.7, 1824, GB
Slave law of Jamaica: with proceedings and documents relative thereto, 1828, GB
Abridgement of the laws of Jamaica passed between the years 1680 and 1792, 1802, GB
Treaties United Nations Treaty Database; OAS Treaties and Agreements
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Treaties; Canada Treaty Information
European Commission Treaties Office
UK Treaties Online; Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NL) Treaty Database; Switzerland Database of International Treaties; Irish Treaty Series
Australian Treaty Database
Israel MOFA Bilateral Agreements
Consular Reports Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations Kingston, Jamaica, pp.741-748 in 1857, GB
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Monumental Inscriptions, from Jamaican Family Search Genealogical Research Library
Caribbean GenWeb Project, scroll down for Jamaica
Socviety of Genealogists : West Indies, scroll down for Jamaica
First Report of the Commissioner of Inquiry into the Administration of Civil and Criminal Justice in the West Indies : Jamaica, pp.285- (scan ends abruptly with p.316) in West Indies, Two Reports of the Commissioners of Inquiry ... 1827, GB
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Jamaica, Kingston, from EB 1911
Article Jamaica, Kingston, Port Royal, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Cuba, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907 edition
Article Jamaica, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Jamaica, pp.168-170 in W. Chapin, The Missionary Gazetteer, 1825, GB
Economic Of Jamaica, pp.568-569 in W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva: or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Jamaica, pp.360-361 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Jamaica, posted by DTBSWS
Jamaica, in Ch. Vere, The Pocket Cambist, 1836, GB
Jamaica, pp.1120-1125 in vol.2 of I.S. Homans, A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation, 1860, GB
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Jamaica p.203
Geographical Jamaica, pp.51-59 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
British West Indies : Jamaica, pp.824-829 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
Jamaica, pp.665-671 in vol.4 of J. Adolphus, The political state of the British Empire, 1818, GB
Jamaica, pp.57-60 in G. Long, America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Jamaica, pp.192-193 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Jamaica pp.443-444 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Historical Of the Island of Jamaica, pp.577-587 in vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
Jamaica, pp.440-499 in J.H. Wynne, A general history of the British empire in America, 1770, GB
La Jamaique, pp.8-37 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
Jamaica, pp.233-242 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Jamaica, pp.320-335 in W.F. Mavor, The history of the discovery and settlement: to the present time, of North and South America and the West Indies, 1804, GB
Jamaica, pp.440-441 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1867 (vol.19) : Jamaica, p.459, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues D. MacKinnen, A tour through the British West Indies, in the years 1802 and 1803, 1804; pp.76-111 on Jamaica
Jamaica, pp.69-85 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs Th. Foulks, Eighteen months in Jamaica: with recollections of the late rebellion, 1833, GB
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Jamaican archives and records department
National Library of Jamaica
Libraries in Jamaica, from LibDex
Category : Museums in Jamaica, from Wikipedia
Museum Directory : Jamaica, from Caribbean Museums
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, posted by Jamaicans.com
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Jamaica, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Jamaica, bilingual Russian and English page; from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Jamaican Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamps Gallery; Jamaica 1871-1929, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Jamaica survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Jamaica National Bibliography
general bibliographies Frank Curdall, Bibliographia Jamaicensis (1902), posted by google books
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliography of Jamaican Earthquakes, from Caribbean Natural Hazards
Bibliography of Sources, from Jamaican Family Search
serial publications A Bibliography of the Publications of the Jamaica Library Association, by June Vernon
general bibliographies
Jamaica entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
Hilary McD. Beckles, Th Hub of Empire : The Caribbean and Britain in the Seventeenth Century, pp.218-240, in : Nicholas Canny (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.I : TheOrigins of Empire, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Gad Heuman, The British West Indies, pp.470-493 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Specific Topics Steven Vertovec, Indian Indentured Migration to the Caribbean, pp.57-62 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Jamaica, pp.225-261 in : Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
Historical Dictionaries
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbooks Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp. 659-660 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945, pp. 760-761 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article : West Indies - Jamaica, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.227-234, 1898 pp.227-234, 1901 pp.260-270, 1905 pp.290-300, 1919 pp.328-331, 1924 pp.328-330, 1925 pp.332-335, 1926 pp.331-333, 1928 pp.330-332, 1929 pp.335-337, 1932 pp.337-339, 1937 pp.361-364, 1943 pp.280-282 [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.465-466, 1928 p.421, 1930 p.417, 1931 p.418, 1932 p.380, 1933 pp.407-408, 1934 pp.317-318, 1935 p.376, 1936 p.384, 1937 p.367, 1943 pp.397-398, 1944 p.367, 1945 pp.385-386, 1946 pp.390-391 [G]
Article : British West Indies, in : Americana Annual 1946 p.129 [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.446-447 [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946, p. 823-824 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 p.431 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 p.416-417 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 p.369 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, p. 390 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951, p. 394 (on events in 1950) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, p. 388 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953, p. 389 (on events in 1952) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1954, pp. 388-389 (on events in 1953) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1955, p. 441 (on events in 1954) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1956, pp. 377-378 (on events in 1955) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957, pp. 440-441 (on events in 1956) [G]
Article Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1958, p. 378 (on events in 1957) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1958) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1959) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp. 745-747 (on events in 1960) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 734-736 (on events in 1961) [G]
Article : British West Indies, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.104-105; Jamaica pp.369-370 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.415-416 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Jamaica, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.827-830 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Jamaica, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.736-738 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.487, 1964 p.474, 1965 p.462, 1966 p.435, 1967 pp.455-456, 1968 p.458, 1969 p.444, 1970 p.446, 1971 p.426, 1972 p.392, 1973 pp.389-390, 1974 pp.392-393, 1975 pp.417-418, 1976 p.445, 1977 pp.437-438, 1978 p.472, 1979 p.465, 1980 p.468, 1981 p.470, 1982 pp.468-469, 1983 p.461, 1984 p.462, 1985 pp. 593, 711, 1986 pp. 581-582, 708, 1988 pp. 504, 628, 1989 pp. 504, 629, 1990 pp.520, 644 [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.454-457, 1975-1976 pp.398-401, 1978-1979 pp.730-734, 1980-1981 pp.733-737, 1983-1984 pp.736-740, 1984-1985 pp.737-741, 1985-1986 pp.740-744, 1987-1988 pp.743-747, 1988-1989 pp.744-748, 1989-1990 pp.753-757, 1990-1991 pp.754-758, 1991-1992 pp.754-758, 1992-1993 pp.829-833, 1993-1994 pp.823-827, 1994-1995 pp.816-820, 1995-1996 pp.813-817, 1996-1997 pp.754-758, 1997-1998 pp.763-767, 1998-1999 pp.818-822, 2000 pp.938-942, 2001 pp.915-919, 2002 pp.951-956, 2003 pp.953-958, 2004 pp.958-963, 2005 pp.964-969 [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.133-134, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.133-134, 4th ed. 1984 pp.133-135 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Jamaica, pp.521-523, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Jamaica, Cabinet pp.52-53, Background Notes : Jamaica, pp.732-736, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Jamaica, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.355, 1965 p.369, 1967 p.378, 1968 p.373, 1969 p.378, 1970 p.383, 1971 p.378, 1972 p.373, 1973 p.377, 1990 p.292 [G]
Entry : Jamaica, pp.596-599 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Entry : Jamaica, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.227-233 [G]