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First posted on June 21st 2002, last revised in November 12th 2010








From 1815 to 1828 and from 1845 to 1936 the later Netherlands Antilles (Curaçao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius and the Dutch half of Sint Maarten) were known as Curaçao en onderhorigheden (C. and dependencies), from 1936 to 1948 as the Gebied van Curaçao (Territory of C.).
From 1828 to 1845 they formed part of Nederlands West Indië (the Dutch West Indies).
In 1985 Aruba seceded to form an autonomous separate territory; in 2010 the Netherlands Antilles were dissolved, with Curaçao and Sint Maarten forming autonomous territories, while Bonaire, Saba and St. Eustatius opted to become integral part of the Netherlands.
This page focusses on the Dutch possessions in the Caribbean 1915-2010.







E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
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Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others



WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Netherlands Antilles, from Wikipedia
Antilles Neerlandaises, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on N. Antilles Nederlands Regeringsvoorlichtingsdienst, Dutch neighbors in the Americas (1950), posted on Internet Archive
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World
Category : Netherlands Antilles, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Nederlandse Antillen, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Nederlandse Antillen van A tot Z, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
on History Category : History of the Netherlands Antilles, from Wikipedia
Categorie : Geschiedenis van de Nederlandse Antillen, from Wikipedia
The Atlantic World and the Dutch : Netherlands Antilles, Curaçao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius, St. Maarten
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen
NICIS Instituut
Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV, Leiden)
Centraal Bureau voor Generalogie
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
Historical Dictionaries Herman Daniel Benjamins, Joh. F. Snelleman, Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië (1914-1917), in Dutch, posted on DBNL
Woordenlijst : Vrij van Slavernij, from Nationaal Archief, in Dutch
Timelines Carib Seek : Curaçao Timeline
from Antillenhuis, in Dutch
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Curaçao : Historical Overview, from Carib Seek
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, of the Netherlands Antilles
Specific Periods Article : Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, from Wikipedia
Politics Category : Politics of the Netherlands Antilles, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Web : N.' Antilles
Military Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
Economy & Finances Neth. Antilles, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of the Netherlands_Antilles, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of the Netherlands_Antilles, from Wikipedia
History, from Bank van de Nederlandse Antillen
Origin of Orange Curacao, from Art of Drink
Article Economy of Saba : Economic History, from Wikipedia
History, from Windward Islands Bank (Sint Maarten)
Social History
Ethnography Languages of Netherlands Antilles (4), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
Antilles Neerlandaises, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - N.' Antilles, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Curacao, from Jewish Virtual Library
Category : Religion in the Netherlands_Antilles, from Wikipedia
History of Regions Island Regions of the Netherlands Antilles, from www.statoids.com
Files from Landenweb : History of Curaçao, Aruba, Bonaire, in Dutch
Geographia : History of Aruba, Bonaire, St. Maarten
Articles : History of Aruba, Bonaire : History, History of Curaçao, Saba : History, St. Eustatius : History, from Wikipedia
Articles Sint Maarten : Geschiedenis, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Local History Articles Willemstad, Oranjestad (Aruba), from Wikipedia
Institutions Aruba, Netherlands Antilles, from Airline History
Structurae : Netherlands Antilles
History, from Bank van de Nederlandse Antillen
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Aruba, Bonaire
Article : Geschiedenis van de Media op de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba, from Wikipedia Dutch edition
Culture R.A. Römer, Cultureel mozaiek van de Nederlandse Antillen, 1977, posted by DBNL
Biographies Lists of Eastern Caribbean People, scroll down for Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
Others Disaster History by Country : Netherlands Antilles, from Relief Web; History with Tropical Systems : ABC Islands, Saint Martin, from Hurricane City
Netherlands Antilles at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel)
Official Yearbook : Almanak voor de Nederlandsche West-Indische bezittingen, en de kust van Guinea 1859, 1858, 1860, 1859, GB
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Netherlands Antilles, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Diocese of Basse-Terre, from Wikipedia
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from IFES Election Guide, since 2002
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Netherlands Antilles, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers (links)
Newsreels Archief Beeld en Geluid : Polygoon (in Dutch)
Search School TV for Nederlandse Antillen; clips in Dutch
Radio Caribiana, from Radio Nederland
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Beeldbank Nationaal Archief : Nederlandse Antillen
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Cartes Curaçao, from Antanlontan Antilles
Search Nationale Beeldbank for Nederlandse Antillen
SchoolTV Beeldbank : Nederlandse Antillen
Tropenmuseum, Digitale Database
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Netherlands Antilles
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Air ALM, Air Aruba, Bonair Express, Winair
Archival Deposits The Atlantic World and the Dutch : Netherlands Antilles, Curaçao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius, St. Maarten; guide to archive deposits
Search ARCHIEVEN.NL combined search engine for many archives; Archief.NL, Dutch language site providing links to individual archives
Het Netionaal Archief : Inventaris van de archieven van Curaçao, Bonaire en Aruba, 1707-1828 (1859), Inventaris van de archieven van Curacao, Bonaire en Aruba, (1771) 1828-1845 (1914)
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties Netherlands : Weather Stations : Cooperative Program on Curaçao and St. Martin Islands, 1957-1957, pp.1425-1426 in United States treaties and other international agreements, Volume 8, Part 2, 1957, GB
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Search : Wikisource, French edition, English edition, Dutch edition
Historical Maps Search Koninklijk Instituutvoor de Tropen, Nederlandse Koloniaale Kaarten
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Curacao, Dutch West India Company, from EB 1911
Article Curassao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, Sankt Eustatius, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious
Economic Article Curacao, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906 edition
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Curaçao, Sanct Eustache oder Eustaz, posted by DTBSWS
Geographical
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Staten Generaal Digitaal, 1814-1995, in Dutch
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Museum Directory : Netherland Antilles, from Caribbean Museums; Musea op Curaçao, from Portaal Curaçao
Nationbaal Archief van Curaçao
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of N.' Antilles, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, from
Stamps Rare Curaçao Stamps, Curacao Stamps 1873-1918, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Barbados survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database Nederlandse Bibliografie Online (publications since 1974); Digitale Bibliografie Nederlandse Geschiedenis
Erfgoed Nederland, Digitale Bibliografie Nederlandse Archeologie
general bibliographies Bibliography : Barbados, from NNDB
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications
general bibliographies
Netherlands Antilles entries
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
Ph.H. Hiss, A selective guide to the English literature on the Netherlands West Indies, with a supplement on British Guiana, (1943), posted on Internet Archive
pp.149-162 in A. Gastmann, Historical Dictionary of the French and Netherlands Antilles, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1978 [G]
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
Koninklijke Bibliotheek - Digitization
Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren (DBNL)
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
On the Netherlands' Antilles Nieuwe West Indische Gids 1919-2010
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
H.P.H. Jansen, Kalendarium Geschiedenis van de Lage Landen, (Timeline of the History of the Low Countries), Utrecht 1979 (in Dutch) [G]
Specific Topics Jan Lucassen, Emigration to the Dutch Colonies and the USA, pp.21-27 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Historical Dictionaries Albert Gastmann, Historical Dictionary of the French and Netherlands Antilles, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1978 [G]
Yearbook Entries Article : Netherlands : Curaçao, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.793-796, 1898 pp.793-797, 1901 pp.890-894, 1905 pp.963-967, 1910 pp.1053-1054, 1919 pp.1095-1099, 1924 pp.1143-1146, 1925 p.1152, 1926 pp.1117-1120, 1928 p.1149, 1929 pp.1129-1132, 1932 pp.1146-1149, 1937 pp.1184-1187, 1943 pp.1127-1130 [G]
Article : Curaçao, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.238, 1928 p.213, 1930 p.232, 1931 pp.241-242, 1932 p.203, 1933 p.215, 1934 p.183 [G]
Article : Aruba, in : Americana Annual 1932 p.79, 1933 p.72 [G]
Article : Curacao (!), in : Americana Annual 1935 p.196, 1936 pp.197-198, 1937 p.185 [G]
Article : Curaçao, in : Americana Annual 1943 p.220, 1944 pp.210-211, 1945 p.222, 1946 p.223 [G]
Article : Curaçao, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.218-219, 1945 pp.218-219; Netherlands Colonial Empire p.489 [G]
Article : Curaçoa, in : International Year Book 1898 p.243 [G]
Article Curaçao, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946 pp.243-244 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article Curaçao, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.247-248 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Curaçao, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 p.232 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Curaçao, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 p.194 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, p. 484 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951 pp.495-496 (on events of 1950) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, p. 499 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953, p. 500 (on events in 1952) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1954, p. 501 (on events in 1953) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1955, p. 546 (on events in 1954) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1956, p. 484 (on events in 1955) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957, pp.545-546 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1958, p. 483 (on events in 1957) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp. 481-482 (on events in 1958) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 475-476 (on events in 1959) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961, p. 481 (on events in 1960) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 478-479 (on events in 1961) [G]
Article Netherlands Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963, pp.595-596 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Colonies and Dependent Territories, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.265-268 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 p.254 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 p.205 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 p.220-222 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 p.218 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.273, 276, 278 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 p.280 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 pp.266-267, 270 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.238-239, 241-242 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 pp.229-230, 233 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 pp.246-247, 249 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 pp.230-231 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 pp.247-248, 251 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 pp.246-248, 251 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 p.304 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 p.305 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.137-138 [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.137-138 [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1183-1184 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.1183-1184 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.886-888 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Curaçao, in : Americana Annual 1947 p.197 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Americana Annual 1957 p.555 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Americana Annual 1961 p.521 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Americana Annual 1962 p.530 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Americana Annual 1963 p.472 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.468 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Dependent States : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 pp.300-303, 305, 1981 pp.301-303, 305-306, 1982 pp.296-297, 299-301, 1983 pp.297, 299-300, 1984 pp.292-293 [G]
Article : Netherlands' Antilles, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.603-604, 747, 1986 pp.597-598, 745, 1988 pp.518-519, 666, 1989 pp.519, 666, 1990 pp.534-535, 682 [G]
Article : Netherlands : Netherlands Antilles, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.895-897, 1983-1984 pp.893-895, 1984-1985 pp.892-894, 1985-1986 pp.893-895, 1987-1988 pp.898-900, 1988-1989 pp.900-902, 1989-1990 pp.912-914, 1990-1991 pp.913-915, 1991-1992 pp.915-917, 1992-1993 pp.1002-1005, 1993-1994 pp.1002-1005, 1994-1995 pp.1003-1006, 1995-1996 pp.998-1001, 1996-1997 pp.950-953, 1997-1998 pp.958-961, 1998-1999 pp.1033-1036, 2000 pp.1173-1176, 2001 pp.1145-1148, 2002 pp.1193-1196, 2003 pp.1193-1196, 2004 pp.1198-1201, 2005 pp.1205-1209 [G]
Article : Netherlands Antilles, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 p.138 [G]
Entry : Netherlands Antilles, Cabinet p.73, Background Notes : Netherlands Antilles, pp.951-954, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Netherlands Antilles, pp.764-767 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]