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Dominican Republic US Virgin Islands
First posted on June 24th 2002, last revised on November 15th 2010

Discovered and claimed by Spain in 1493. Ceded to the U.S. in 1898.

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
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P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; Index Mundi, Article : Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
Porto Rico, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on Puerto Rico Porto Rico, pp.52-60 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
G.M. Fowles, Down in Porto Rico (1910), posted on Internet Archive
G.D. Flinter, An Account of the Present State of the Island of Puerto Rico (1834), posted on Internet Archive, GB
Links General from LANIC; from Latin American Studies; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World
Category : Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
on History Virtual Library History : Puerto Rico
Category : History of Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines Timeline : from timelines.ws; from BBC News; from Welcome to Puerto Rico
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, on Puerto Rico R.A. van Middeldyk, The History of Puerto Rico (1903), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods J.J. Henna, M. Zena Gandia, The case of Puerto Rico (1899), posted on Internet Archive
N. Riqual, Incidencias parlamentarias en Puerto Rico (1900) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
J.M. Nazario, Guayanilla y la historia de Puerto Rico (1893) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
W. Dinwiddie, Puerto Rico: Its Conditions and Possibilities (1899), posted on Internet Archive
K.St. Herrmann, A Recent Campaign in Puerto Rico (1907), posted on Internet Archive
S. Gomez Nunez, La guerra Hispano-americana: Puerto-rico y Filipinas (1902) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
Politics Category : Politics of Porto_Rico, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Web : Puerto Rico; Governments on the WWW : Puerto Rico
Economy & Finances Entry Puerto Rico, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of Puerto_Rico, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of Puerto_Rico, from Wikipedia
Puerto Rico, from Ministry of Rum
Company Histories : Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, Popular Inc., from Funding Universe
History of Government Development Bank for Puerto Rico
Social History Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Puerto Rico
FK. Fleagle, Social problems in Porto Rico (1917), posted on Internet Archive
La experiencia abolicionista de Puerto Rico (1874) in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
Ethnography Languages of Puerto Rico (3), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Puerto Rico Overview, from UNHCR (2007)
Porto Rico, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Porto Rico, pp.810-811 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Puerto Rico, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Puerto Rico, from Jewish Virtual Library
Category : Religion in Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
History of Regions Municipalities of Puerto Rico, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
Article : San Juan, Puerto Rico : History, Ponce, Puerto Rico : History, from Wikipedia
Institutions The Tramways of San Juan, Puerto Rico, by Allen Morrison; Article Rail Transport in Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
Puerto Rico, from Airline History
Structurae : Puerto Rico; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Puerto Rico
Article University of Puerto Rico, from Wikipedia
Culture Puerto Rico at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Puerto Ricans, from Wikipedia
Others Disaster History by Country : Puerto Rico, from Relief Web; History with Tropical Systems : Cabo Rojo, Fajardo, Ponce, San Juan, from Hurricane City
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel)
Lists of Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Historical Abortion Statistics : Puerto Rico, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results The Elections in Puerto Rico Archive 1920-1991
from Psephos, since 2000; from IFES Election Guide, since 1998
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Selected Articles History of Boriken (Puerto Rico), from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Puerto Rico, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers (links)
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Archivo Historico y Fotografico de Puerto Rico - Colecci? Rodr?uez
Systematic Collections
L.A. Figueroa, Historical Photographs of Puerto Rico, 1898-1940s
Accidental Collections t13hman, Old Puerto Rico Photos & Postcards
Universal Collections
Items on Puerto Rico
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Air Caribbean, Air Indies, Caribair, Crown Air, Flamenco Airways, Oceanair, Prinair, Tradewinds, Vieques Air Link
Archival Deposits Inventaris van het archief van het Consulaat te Puerto Rico, 1871-1883, Nationaal Archief, NL
Portada de Pares, Archivos de Espana; Archivo General de las Indias, Sevilla, Spain
U.S. National Archives : Records of the Spanish Governors of Puerto Rico 1767-1880
Constitutions, Laws Constitution establishing self-government in the islands of Cuba and Puerto Rico (1899), posted on Internet Archive
Consular Reports Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations Porto Rico pp.35-36 in 1842, Porto Rico : St. John's, pp.151-154, Ponce pp.154-156 in 1857, GB
Reports from Her Majesty's consuls on the manufactures, commerce ... vol.5 Spain : Porto Rico, pp.561-565 in 1867, 1867, vol.7 Spain : Porto Rico, pp.608-610, in 1868, 1869, GB
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Caribbean GenWeb Project, scroll down for Puerto Rico
Historical Maps
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Bahamas, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Ponce, Mayaguez, San German, from EB 1911
Article Puerto Rico, San Juan, Ponce, Mayaguez, San German, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Porto Rico, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907 edition
Economic Spanish Islands : Cuba, Porto Rico, Trinidad, Part of St. Domingo, p.367 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Commercial Regulations : West Indies : Spanish Possessions, Porto Rico, pp.633-636 in J. Blunt, The Shipmaster's Assistant, and Commercial Digest, 1837, GB
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Spanien : Cuba und Portorico, vol.4 1844 pp.84-88, posted by DTBSWS
Porto Rico, pp.1545-1549 in vol.2 of I.S. Homans, A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation, 1860, GB
Geographical Porto Rico p.42 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
Spanish West Indies : Porto Rico, p.837 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
Porto Rico, pp.422-423 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, GB
Puerto Rico, pp.50-54 in G. Long, America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Porto Rico, p.193 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Historical L'Isle de Portorico, ou Portoric, pp.1-7 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
Spanish West Indies : Porto Rico, or Santo Domingo, pp.303-305 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Porto Rico, pp.437-438 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Porto Rico, p.1190 in vol.1 of S.G. Goodrich, A history of all nations, 1866, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Porto Rico, pp.216-220 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Puerto Rico, from LibDex
Museum Directory : Puerto Rico, from Caribbean Museums
Records of the Spanish Governors of Puerto Rico 1787-1880, from The National Archives, Guide to Federal Records
The Puerto Rican Steamship Migration Archive
Archivo General de Puerto Rico (Spanish language site)
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Puerto Rico, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Bahamas Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Porto Rico 1873-1898, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Puerto Rico survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.127-148 in D.C. Briggs and M. Alisky, Historical Dictionary of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1973 [G]
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliography : The Puerto Rican Naval Campaign 1898, from The Spanish-American War Centennial Site
serial publications
general bibliographies
Puerto Rico entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Biblioteca Digital Portoriquena
Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
General Histories Chapter XXVIII : Our Orphan Island, pp.423-435, in : John Gunther, Inside Latin America, NY : Harper & Bros. [G]
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries Kenneth R. Farr, Historical Dictionary of Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, Metuchen NJ. : Scarecrow 1973 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbooks Article : Spain - Cuba and Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.959-961 (on events of 1894) [G]
Article : Spain - Cuba and Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Year Book 1898 pp.959-961 (on events of 1897) [G]
Article : Cuba and Puerto Rico, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1894 pp.234-235 [G]
Article : Porto Rico, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.959-962 [G]
Article : Puerto Rico, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.578-579, 1945 pp.579-580, 1950 pp.576-577, 1951 p.581, 1952 pp.581-582, 1953 pp.590-591, 1954 p.590, 1955 p.639, 1956 p.577, 1957 p.640, 1958 pp.573-574, 1959 pp.573-574, 1960 p.575, 1961 pp.584-585, 1962 pp.57-94, p. 575, 1963 pp.676-677 [G]
Article : Colonies and Dependent Territories, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964 pp.265-268 [G]
Article : Colonies and Other Dependencies, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965 pp.255, 1967 pp.220-222 [G]
Article : Dependent States : Puerto Rico, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.273, 276, 281, 1970 p.281, 1971 pp.266-267, 271 [G]
Article : United States : Porto Rico, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1910 pp.551-553, 1919 pp.622-624, 1924 pp.629-632, 1925 pp.633-635, 1926 pp.615-617, 1928 pp.621-623, 1929 pp.616-619, 1932 pp.620-622 [G]
Article : United States : Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1937 pp.650-652, 1943 pp.660-662 [G]
Article : US : Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.703-705 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Porto Rico, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.699-700, 1928 pp.641-643, 1930 pp.630-631, 1931 pp.619-620, 1932 pp.588-589 [G]
Article : Puerto Rico, in : Americana Annual 1933 pp.646-648, 1934 pp.493-494, 1935 pp.594-595, 1936 pp.613-614, 1937 pp.599-600, 1943 pp.618-619, 1944 pp.598-599, 1945 pp.607-608, 1946 pp.628-630, 1947 pp.593-594, 1957 pp.650-652, 1961 pp.617-618, 1962 pp.624-625, 1963 pp.554-555, 1964 pp.550-551, 1965 p.594, 1967 p.572, 1968 p.560, 1969 p.568, 1970 p.573 [G]
Article : Puerto Rico (Porto Rico), in : International Year Book 1898 pp.657-658 [G]
News from Porto Rico, from "The Great Round World and What is Going on in it" Vol.III No.17, May 1899, pp.596-597 [G]
Article Dependent States : Puerto Rico, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972, pp.238-239, 245, 1973, pp.229-230, 236, 1974, pp.246-247, 253, 1975, pp.230-231, 1976, pp.247-248, 254, 1977, pp.246-248, 253-254, 1978, p.307, 1979, p.307, 1980, pp.300-301, 305, 1981, pp.301, 305-306, 1982, pp.299-301, 1983, pp.299-300, 1984, pp.294-295 [G]
Article : Dependent States : Caribbean; Puerto Rico, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1985 pp.603-604, 763, 1988 pp.518-519, 682, 1990 pp.534-535, 698 [G]
Article Puerto Rico, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1986, pp. 597-598, 762, 1989, pp. 519, 682 [G]
Article : United States : Puerto Rico, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.715-718, 1978-1979 pp.1551-1553, 1980-1981 pp.1556-1558, 1983-1984 pp.1557-1559, 1984-1985 pp.1553-1556, 1985-1986 pp.1553-1555, 1987-1988 pp.1560-1563, 1988-1989 pp.1564-1566, 1989-1990 pp.1559-1562, 1990-1991 pp.1561-1563, 1991-1992 pp.1559-1562, 1992-1993 pp.1570-1573, 1993-1994 pp.1573-1576, 1994-1995 pp.1574-1577, 1995-1996 pp.1565-1567, 1996-1997 pp.1558-1560, 1997-1998 pp.1568-1571, 1998-1999 pp.1704-1707, 2000 pp.1907-1910, 2001 pp.1868-1871, 2002 pp.1934-1937, 2003 pp.1933-1936, 2004 pp.1953-1956, 2005 pp.1966-1969 [G]
Article : Puerto Rico, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.143-144, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.143-144, 4th ed. 1984 pp.143-144 [G]
Article : Puerto Rico, in : Americana Annual 1971 p.566, 1972 p.564, 1973 p.570, 1974 p.493, 1976 p.469, 1989 p.444, 1990 p.443, 1992 p.445, 1993 p.447, 1994 p.447 [G]

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