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Martinique St. Vincent
First posted on June 19th 2002, last revised on November 14th 2010







Settled by Arawaks c.300 A.D.; Caribs ousted the Arawaks c. 900 AD. European dioscovery 1492 or 1502; France claimed St. Lucia in 1635. First permanent European settlement established by the French in 1651. In 1664 England claimed St. Lucia; between 1763 and 1803/1814 the island was French. In 1814 ceded to Britain. From 1833 to 1956 part of the Windward Islands. Autonomous 1967, independent 1979.

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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : St. Lucia, from Wikipedia
Sainte Lucie, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on St. Lucia St. Lucia, pp.231-241 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
Links, General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia
Links General Category : Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
St. Lucia National Trust
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from BBC News
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, on St. Lucia St. Lucia, pp.329-335 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
Specific Periods W.H. Siebert, The Legacy of the American Revolution to the British West Indies and Bahamas (1913), posted on Internet Archive
Politics Links Category : Politics of Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Web : St. Lucia; Governments on the WWW : Saint Lucia
Foreign Policy Wikipedia : Caribbean Community (member since 1974), Wikipedia : Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (founding member 1981); Wikipedia : Organization of American States (member since 1979); United Nations (since 1979)
Association of Caribbean States (since 1994)
Article : Foreign Relations of St. Lucia
Military Category : Military of Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
Economy & Finances Entry Saint Lucia, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Article Economy of the Bahamas, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia
Saint Lucia, from Ministry of Rum
J. Stephen, The slavery of the British West India colonies delineated, vol.1, 1824, vol.2, 1830, GB
Ethnography Languages of Saint Lucia (2), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : St. Lucia
Sainte Lucie, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - St. Lucia, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Saint Lucia, from Wikipedia
Local History
Institutions St. Lucia, from Airline History
Structurae : Saint Lucia
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Saint Lucia
Culture Saint Lucia at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies Lists of Eastern Caribbean People, scroll down for St. Lucia
Others Disaster History by Country : Saint Lucia, from Relief Web; History with Tropical Systems : St. Lucia, from Hurricane City
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
general account of the calamities occasioned by the late tremendous Hurricanes and Earthquakes in the West Indian Islands, Foreign and Domestic, 1781, GB; St. Lucia pp.43-55

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Article : United States Ambassador to St. Lucia, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : St. Lucia, from MOFA, Canada
List of High Commissioners from the United Kingdom to St. Lucia, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : St. Lucia, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos, since 1997; from IFES Election Guide, since 2002
IPU Election Archive : House of Assembly, 1979, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1992, 2001
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Selected Articles History of St. Lucia, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Saint Lucia, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers (links)
The Voice 2007-
Newsreels British Pathe
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on St. Lucia
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK)
Search Janus
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by St. Lucia, from ILO, 28 docs. since 1980
St. Lucia, pp.267-303 in Charles Clark, A summary of colonial law, the practice of the Court of Appeals from the Plantations and of the Laws and their Administration of All the Colonies, 1834, GB
St. Lucia, pp.579- in vol.1 of J.H. Howard The laws of the British colonies, in the West Indies and other parts of America concerning Real and Personal Property and the Manumission of Slaves with a View of the Constitution of each Colony, 1827, GB
Treaties United Nations Treaty Database; OAS Treaties and Agreements
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Treaties; Canada Treaty Information
European Commission Treaties Office
UK Treaties Online; Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NL) Treaty Database; Switzerland Database of International Treaties; Irish Treaty Series
Australian Treaty Database
Israel MOFA Bilateral Agreements
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Windward Islands, from EB 1911
Article Santa Lucia, Castries, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious St. Lucia, p.307 in W. Chapin, The Missionary Gazetteer, 1825, GB
Economic Martinico, St. Lucia, Guadaloupe, Marigalante, St. Martin etc., pp.363-364 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Geographical St. Lucia, pp.88-89 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
French West Indies : St. Lucia, pp.842-843 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
St. Lucia, pp.678-679 in vol.4 of J. Adolphus, The political state of the British Empire, 1818, GB
St. Lucia pp.426-427 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, GB
St. Lucie, pp.26-28 in G. Long, America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Historical Of the Islands of St. Vincent, St. Lucia, Dominica, Tobago, Barbuda and Anguilla, pp.590-591 in vol.3 of Th. Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1746, GB
Sainte Lucie, pp.122-126 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
French West Indies : St. Lucia, pp.318-319 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
St. Lucia, pp.443-444 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues St. Lucia, pp.157-164 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs F.W.N. Bayley, Four years' residence in the West Indies, 1830, GB
H.N. Coleridge, Six Months' Residence in the West Indies in 1825, 3rd ed. 1832, GB
G.W. des Voeux, My colonial service in British Guiana, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Fiji, Australia, Newfoundland, And Hong Kong, with interludes (1903), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Museum Directory : St. Lucia, from Caribbean Museums
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, posted by Government of Saint Lucia
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of St. Lucia, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Saint Lucia Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; St. Lucia Stamps 1860-1912, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on St. Lucia survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications
general bibliographies
St. Lucia entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
Gad Heuman, The British West Indies, pp.470-493 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbooks Article St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 p. 657 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945, pp. 760-761 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946, pp. 823-824 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp.835-836 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 p.801 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 p.684 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, p. 736 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951, pp. 738-739 (on events in 1950) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, pp. 738-739 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953, pp. 747-748 (on events in 1952) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1954, p. 747 (on events in 1953) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1955, pp. 809-810 (on events in 1954) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1956, p. 746 (on events in 1955) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957, p. 809 (on events in 1956) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1958, p. 749 (on events in 1957) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1958) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1959) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp. 745-747 (on events in 1960) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 734-736 (on events in 1961) [G]
Article Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963, p. 852 (on events in 1962) [G]
Article Colonies and Dependent Territories, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1964, pp. 265-268 (on events in 1963) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1965, p. 253 (on events in 1964) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966, p. 204 (on events in 1965) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : Windward Islands, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966, pp. 219-222 (on events in 1965) [G]
Article Colonies and Other Dependencies : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968, p. 217 (on events in 1967) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1969 pp.273, 276, 278 (on events in 1968) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 p.278 (on events in 1969) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1971 pp.266-268 (on events in 1970) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1972 pp.238-239, 244 (on events in 1971) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1973 pp.229-230, 236 (on events in 1972) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1974 pp.246-247, 252 (on events in 1973) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1975 pp.230-231 (on events in 1974) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1976 pp.247-248, 253 (on events in 1975) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1977 pp.246-248, 253 (on events in 1976) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1978 p.306 (on events in 1977) [G]
Article Dependent States : St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1979 p.307 (on events in 1978) [G]
Article : West Indies : Windward Islands : St. Lucia, in : Statesman's Year Book 1910 pp.270-271, 1919 p.336, 1924 pp.336-337, 1925 pp.340-341, 1926 p.340, 1928 p.339, 1929 p.344, 1932 pp.346-347, 1937 p.371, 1943 pp.289-290 [G]
Article : Leeward and Windward Islands : St. Lucia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.172-173, 1975-1976 pp.516-517 [G]
Article : West Indies : St. Lucia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 p.1595 [G]
Article : St. Lucia, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.144-145, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.144-145 [G]
Article : Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1945 p.757 (on events of 1944) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1946 pp.790-791 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1947 pp.754-755 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.841-842 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.827-830 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1963 pp.736-738 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : Windward Islands - St. Lucia, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.723 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : West Indies - Windward Islands, in : Americana Annual 1965 pp.744-745 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article St. Lucia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 p.612, 1981 pp.611-612, 1982 pp.612-613, 1983 p.607, 1984 pp.609-610, 1985 pp.593, 769, 1986 pp.586, 768, 1988 pp.508, 688, 1989 pp.509, 688, 1990 pp.525, 704 [G]
Article : St. Lucia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.1031-1033, 1983-1984 pp.1029-1030, 1984-1985 pp.1026-1027, 1985-1986 pp.1028-1029, 1987-1988 pp.1032-1033, 1988-1989 pp.1036-1037, 1989-1990 pp.1048-1049, 1990-1991 pp.1049-1050, 1991-1992 pp.1049-1051, 1992-1993 pp.1137-1139, 1993-1994 pp.1135-1137, 1994-1995 pp.1135-1137, 1995-1996 pp.1127-1129, 1996-1997 pp.1103-1105, 1997-1998 pp.1106-1107, 1998-1999 pp.1202-1204, 2000 pp.1346-1348, 2001 pp.1309-1311, 2002 pp.1363-1366, 2003 pp.1362-1365, 2004 pp.1367-1370, 2005 pp.1377-1380 [G]
Article : St. Lucia, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.144-145 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - St. Lucia, pp.588-590, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Saint Lucia, Cabinet p.85, Background Notes : St. Lucia, pp.1093-1097, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : St. Lucia, pp.866-869 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Entry : St. Lucia, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.315-318 [G]