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Tobago Barbados
First posted on June 17th 2002, last revised on November 14th 2010

Trinidad was discovered in 1498. In 1687 Catalan Capuchin friars were charged with converting the indigenous population to christianity. In the 18th century, Trinidad was part of Paria Province, Viceroyalty of New Granada. In 1797/1802 Spain ceded Trinidad to Britain. In 1888 the colonies of Trinidad and Tobago were merged. In 1962 Trinidad and Tobago were granted independence.

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Country Profiles Modern Article : Trinidad, from Wikipedia
Historical, on the Windies A. Trollope, The West Indies and the Spanish Main, 1860, GB
Historical, on Trinidad Political Account of the Island of Trinidad, from Its Conquest by Sir Ralph Abercrombie .. 1807, posted on Internet Archive
Internet Archive
Trinidad, pp.225-230 in Th.E.Lynch, The Wonders of the West Indies, 1856, GB
L.A.A.G. de Verteuil, Trinidad: its geography, natural resources, administration, present condition, and prospects (1858), posted on Internet Archive
L.W. Bates, The path of the conquistadores, Trinidad and Venezuelan Guiana (1912), posted on Internet Archive
Links General
on History
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Historical Society
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
Historical Dictionaries
Accounts of History Modern
Historical, on the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
C.E. Meinecke, Versuch einer Geschichte der europaischen Colonien in Westindien, 1831, in German, GB
E. Regnault et al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, on Trinidad Trinidad, pp.213-256 in vol.2 : Possessions in the West Indies, of R.M. Martin, History of the British Colonies, 2nd ed. 1838, GB
L.M. Fraser, History of Trinidad vol.1, vol.2 (1891), posted on Internet Archive
E. Williams, History of the People of Trinidad & Tobago (1962), posted on Internet Archive
W. Gommersbach, Geschichte, Geographie und Bedeutung de Insel Trinidad (1907) in German, posted on Internet Archive
P.G.L. Borde, Histoire de l'ile de la Trinidad sous le gouvernement espagnol (1876) in French, posted on Internet Archive
D. Hart, Historical and statistical view of the island of Trinidad, with chronological table of events from 1782 (1855), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods
Military Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
Economy & Finances Entry Trinidad and Tobago, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Victoria Institute of Trinidad and Tobago, Industrial Trinidad (1903), posted on Internet Archive
A Statistical, Commercial and Political Description of Venezuela, Trinidad, Marguerita .. (1820), posted on Internet Archive
Social History J. Stephen, The slavery of the British West India colonies delineated, vol.1, 1824, vol.2, 1830, GB
W.G. Sewell, The ordeal of free labor in the British West Indies, 1861, GB; on Trinidad pp.95-140
Ethnography Trinidad, pp.815-816 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Trinidad & Tobago, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Port of Spain, from Wikipedia
Institutions Search Lighthouse Explorer for Trinidad
Biographies List of Trinidadians, from Wikipedia
Lists of Eastern Caribbean People, scroll down for Trinidad
Others Trinidad & Tobago, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Disaster History by Country : Natural Disasters, Trinidad & Tobago, from Relief Web
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel)
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : Trinidad & Tobago, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Port of Spain, from Wikipedia
Population Figures
Documents Historical Newspapers Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Newspaper Collection, from National Archives of Trinidad & Tobago
Trinidad & Tobago Digital Library Newspaper Clippings Database
Newsreels British Pathe
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Historical Postcards, from Antanlontan Antilles
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for Tobago
Search Janus for Tobago
Portada de Pares, Archivos de Espana
Constitutions, Laws Chronological Table of the Royal Orders in Council and Ordinances Promulgated in this Colony (1877), posted on Internet Archive
Trinidad, pp.267-325 in Charles Clark, A summary of colonial law, the practice of the Court of Appeals from the Plantations and of the Laws and their Administration of All the Colonies, 1834, GB
Trinidad, pp.531-578 in vol.1 of J.H. Howard The laws of the British colonies, in the West Indies and other parts of America concerning Real and Personal Property and the Manumission of Slaves with a View of the Constitution of each Colony, 1827, GB
Consular Reports Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations Trinidad, pp.758-760 in 1857, GB
Annual report of the Commissioner of Patents, Part 2, Port of Spain, Trinidad p.531 in 1859 : Agriculture, 1860, GB
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Trinidad & Tobago, from Caribbean Register of Documentary Heritage
Search : Wikisource, English edition
Trinidad & Tobago Digital Library : Historical Society Collection
Caribbean GenWeb Project, scroll down for Trinidad
Historical Maps
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Trinidad, from EB 1911
Articles Trinidad, Port of Spain, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article Archdiocese of Port of Spain, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907
Trinidad, p.368 in W. Chapin, The Missionary Gazetteer, 1825, GB
Economic Spanish Islands : Cuba, Porto Rico, Trinidad, Part of St. Domingo, p.367 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
Trinidad, pp.1876-1877 in vol.2 of I.S. Homans, A cyclopedia of commerce and commercial navigation, 1860, GB
Geographical Trinidad, pp.37-38 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
Spanish West Indies : Trinidad, p.837 in J. Morse, The American universal geography, 1805, GB
Trinidad, pp.688-689 in vol.4 of J. Adolphus, The political state of the British Empire, 1818, GB
Trinidad p.428 in vol.3 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1827, GB
Trinidad, pp.18-21 in G. Long, America and the West Indies: geographically described, 1845, GB
Historical La Trinite, pp.136-137 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
Spanish West Indies : Trinidad and Margaretta, pp.305-308 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the American United States and of the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Trinidad, p.446 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J.H. Stark, Stark's Guide-book and History of Trinidad: Including Tobago, Granada, and St. Vincent (1897), posted on Internet Archive
Trinidad, pp.38-48 in Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., Guide to the Madeiras, Azores, British and foreign West Indies ..., 1844, GB
Residence Memoirs H.N. Coleridge, Six Months' Residence in the West Indies in 1825, 3rd ed. 1832, GB
G.W. des Vux, My colonial service in British Guiana, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Fiji, Australia, Newfoundland, and Hong Kong, with interludes vol.1, vol.2, (1903) posted on Internet Archive
A.C. Carmichael, Five Years in Trinidad and St. Vincent: A View of the Social Condition of the White, Coloured .. (1834), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Libraries in Trinidad and Tobago, from LibDex
Museum Directory : Trinidad & Tobago, from Caribbean Museums
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes
Stamps Rare Trinidad, Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, Trinidad Stamps 1847-1914, with Trinidad & Tobago issues, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer
Postal History of Trinidad & Tobago, from Tradewinds

Bibliography General RHS Bibliography
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
on the Caribbean Bibliography : Trinidad & Tobago, from NNDB
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
A Select Bibliography of Trinidad & Tobago, by P.E. Springer (1998)
RHS Bibliography, search for Trinidad and Tobago
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
P.E. Springer, A Select Bibliography on Trinidad & Tobago, 1998
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Koninklijke Bibliotheek - Digitization
Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren (DBNL)
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Trinidad & Tobago Digital Library
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
Journal de la Societe des Americanistes 1895-2000, Persee
On the Caribbean
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Gad Heuman, The British West Indies, pp.470-493 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Specific Topics Steven Vertovec, Indian Indentured Migration to the Caribbean, pp.57-62 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Historical Dictionaries

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