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Venezuela Barbados
First posted on June 17th 2002, last revised on November 14th 2010







In 1888, the hitherto separate colonies of Trinidad (British since 1797/1802) and Tobago (British since 1814) were merged. In 1962 Trinidad and Tobago was granted independence.

Historical Atlas, British Empire - the Caribbean Page







E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others



WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
Trinite et Tobago, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Historical L.A.A.G. de Verteuil, Trinidad: its geography, natural resources, administration, present condition, and prospects (1858), posted on Internet Archive
L.W. Bates, The path of the conquistadores, Trinidad and Venezuelan Guiana (1912), posted on Internet Archive
W. Gommersbach, Geschichte, Geographie und Bedeutung de Insel Trinidad (1907) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Links General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Caribbean Historical Society
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
British Caribbean Philatelic Study Group
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News
Accounts of History Modern from Wikipedia
Historical, of the Caribbean Th. Coke, A history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1808, vol.2, 1810, vol.3, 1811, GB
Th. Southey, Chronological history of the West Indies, vol.1, 1827, GB (out of 3 vols.)
E. Regnault bet al., Histoire des Antilles et des colonies françaises, espagnoles, anglaises .., 1849, in French, GB
Historical, of Trinidad, Tobago H.I. Woodcock, History of Tobago (1867), IA
E. Williams, History of the People of Trinidad & Tobago (1962), IA
L.M. Fraser, History of Trinidad vol.1, vol.2 (1891), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods Marco Ramerini, Dutch and Courlanders in Tobago. A History of the First Settlements, 1628-1677
A. Boomert, Archaeological-historical survey of Tobago, West Indies, pp.246-254 in Journal de la Societe des Americanistes, Persee
Politics Links Political Resources on the Web : Trinidad & Tobago; Governments on the WWW : Trinidad and Tobago
General Politics of Trinidad and Tobago
Institutions Elections in Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
Foreign Policy Wikipedia : Caribbean Community (member since 1973), Wikipedia : Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States : Political Union with Trinidad and Tobago (as of 2011); Wikipedia : Organization of American States (member since 1967); United Nations (since 1962)
Association of Caribbean States (since 1994)
Article : Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago
Military Orders, Decorations and Medals from Trinidad & Tobago, from ODM
Regiments of the British West Indies and Bermuda, by Frank Goodwill
Economy & Finances Entry Trinidad and Tobago, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Article Economy of Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
Catregory : Economy of Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
Trinidad & Tobago, from Ministry of Rum
Social History Trinidad and Tobago Law and Legal Research, from GlobaLex
Trinidad & Tobago, from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World
Ethnography Languages of Trinidad and Tobago (6), from Ethnologue
Category Languages of Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
First Nations of Trinidad and Tobago, ethnographic, by Maximilian C. Forte
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Trinidad & Tobago
The Caribs of Trinidad and Tobago, from Caribbean American Centrelink
Trinite et Tobago, from L'amenagement linguistique dans le monde, in French
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Trinidad & Tobago, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
B. Tappin, A Brief History of the Archdiocese of Port of Spain 1850-2000
History of Regions Regions of Trinidad and Tobago, from www.statoids.com
Local History List of Cities in Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia
History of Port of Spain, from Wikipedia
Institutions Trinidad & Tobago, from Airline History
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Trinidad
Culture Trinidad & Tobago, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Article Trinidad and Tobago at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Trinidadians, List of Tobagnians, from Wikipedia
Lists of Eastern Caribbean People, scroll down for Trinidad
Others Disaster History by Country : Natural Disasters, Trinidad & Tobago, from Relief Web
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Article : United States Ambassador to Trinidad and Tobago, from Wikipedia; Heads of Post : Trinidad and Tobago, from MOFA, Canada

Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : Trinidad & Tobago, has incomplete list of U.S. consuls
Lists of Bishops Article : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Port of Spain, from Wikipedia
Population Figures from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Trinidad (since 2000); from IFES Election Guide
IPU Election Archive : House of Representatives, 1971, 1976, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1995, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2007
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Newspaper Collection, from National Archives of Trinidad & Tobago
Selected Articles Trinidad & Tobago Digital Library Newspaper Clippings Database
History of Trinidad and Tobago, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Trinidad and Tobago, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
Trinidad & Tobago Guardian Archives : 2009-, 2003-2008
Trinidad & Tobago Government News, Gazette Archive 2000-
Newsreels British Pathe
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Historical Postcards, from Antanlontan Antilles
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Trinidad & Tobago
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Trinidad and Tobago, from World Passports
Airline Timetable mages : BWIA
Archival Deposits Het Netionaal Archief : Inventaris van de archieven van het Nederlands Vice-Consulaat en Consulaat-Generaal, later de Ambassade in Trinidad en Tobago, 1956-1974
Search National Archives (UK) for Trinidad and Tobago
Search Janus for Trinidad and Tobago
Constitutions, Laws Constitutions of Trinidad and Tobago, from Political Database of the Americas
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Trinidad & Tobago, from ILO, 16 docs. since 1963
Trinidad and Tobago Law and Legal Research, from GlobaLex
Treaties United Nations Treaty Database; OAS Treaties and Agreements
U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, Treaties; Canada Treaty Information
European Commission Treaties Office
UK Treaties Online; Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NL) Treaty Database; Switzerland Database of International Treaties; Irish Treaty Series
Australian Treaty Database
Israel MOFA Bilateral Agreements
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections Trinidad & Tobago, from Caribbean Register of Documentary Heritage
Search : Wikisource, English edition, Dutch edition
Trinidad & Tobago Digital Library : Historical Society Collection
Caribbean GenWeb Project, scroll down for Trinidad
Historical Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles Trinidad, Tobago, from EB 1911
Articles Trinidad, Tobago, Port of Spain, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Article Archdiocese of Port of Spain, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907
Economic
Geographical
Historical
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues J.H. Stark, Stark's Guide-book and History of Trinidad: Including Tobago, Granada, and St. Vincent (1897), posted on Internet Archive
Residence Memoirs G.W. des Vux, My colonial service in British Guiana, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Fiji, Australia, Newfoundland, and Hong Kong, with interludes vol.1, vol.2, (1903) posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries National Archives of Trinidad & Tobago
Libraries in Trinidad and Tobago, from LibDex
Museum Directory : Trinidad & Tobago, from Caribbean Museums
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Trinidad & Tobago, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Collections of Coins : Trinidad & Tobago, bilingual Russian-English page; Trinidad and Tobago Coins, from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Tobago Trinidad, Trinidad & Tobago, Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, Tobago Stamps 1879-1898, Trinidad Stamps 1847-1914, with Trinidad & Tobago issues, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer
Postal History of Trinidad & Tobago, from Tradewinds

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Trinidad & Tobago survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies A Select Bibliography of Trinidad & Tobago, by P.E. Springer (1998)
Bibliography : Trinidad & Tobago, from NNDB
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Caribbean Languages, Select Bibliography of published works on Trinidadian French Creole
Every Culture : East Indians in Trinidad, Bibliography
A.K. Ingram, Parang Bibliography
serial publications
general bibliographies
Trinidad & Tobago entries
Annotated Bibliography for the English Speaking Caribbean (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, The British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) (In order of importance.), from Florida Coastal School of Law
National Archives (UK) : Caribbean Histories Revealed : Bibliography
Mitchell's West Indian Bibliography
Bibliography of Caribbean Archaeology, from Florida Museum of Natural History
G.A. Besson, Caribbean History Archives : Bibliography, mostly on Trinidad & Tobago
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
on the Caribbean Digital Library of the Caribbean
Trinidad & Tobago Digital Library
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
Journal de la Societe des Americanistes 1895-2000, Persee
On the Caribbean Nieuwe West Indische Gids 1919-2010
The Caribbean History Archives 2007-2008
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Gad Heuman, The British West Indies, pp.470-493 in : Andrew Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol.III : The Nineteenth Century, Oxford : UP 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 909.0971241 O98o v.3
Specific Topics Jewish Settlement in Tobago, pp.58-67 in : Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002 [G]
Steven Vertovec, Indian Indentured Migration to the Caribbean, pp.57-62 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbooks Article Trinidad, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp. 660-662 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945, pp. 760-761 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article West Indies, British, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1946, p. 823-824 (on events in 1945) [G]
Article Trinidad, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1947 p.761 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article Trinidad, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1948 p.734 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1949 p.655 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1950, p. 678 (on events in 1949) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1951, pp. 681-682 (on events in 1950) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1952, p. 685 (on events in 1951) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953, p. 693-694 (on events in 1952) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1954, p. 696 (on events in 1953) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1955, p. 750 (on events in 1954) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1956, p. 686-687 (on events in 1955) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1957, p. 751 (on events in 1956) [G]
Article Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1958, pp. 689-690 (on events in 1957) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1959, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1958) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 744-746 (on events in 1959) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp. 745-747 (on events in 1960) [G]
Article West Indies, The, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 734-736 (on events in 1961) [G]
Article : West Indies - Trinidad, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.227-234, 1898 pp.227-234, 1901 pp.260-270, 1905 pp.290-300, 1910 pp.269-270, 1919 pp.333-335, 1924 pp.333-335, 1925 pp.337-339, 1926 pp.337-339, 1928 pp.335-337, 1929 pp.340-342, 1932 pp.342-345, 1937 pp.367-369, 1943 pp.285-288 [G]
Article : Trinidad and Tobago, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.833-834, 1928 p.766, 1930 p.752, 1931 p.748, 1932 p.697, 1933 pp.752-753, 1935 p.704, 1936 p.718, 1937 p.693, 1943 pp.711-712, 1944 pp.685-686, 1945 pp.700-701, 1946 pp.723-724, 1947 pp.706-707, 1957 pp.786-787 [G]
Article : British West Indies, in : Americana Annual 1946 p.129, 1947 pp.104-105 [G]
Article : West Indies Federation - Trinidad and Tobago, in : Americana Annual 1962 pp.827-830, 1963 pp.736-738 [G]
Article : Trinidad, in : International Year Book 1898 p.783 [G]
Article : Trinidad & Tobago, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1963 p.796, 1964 p.825, 1965 p.827, 1966 pp.776-777, 1967 pp.764-765, 1968 pp.771-772, 1969 pp.758-759, 1970 pp.760, 761, 1971 p.742, 1972 pp.695-696, 1973 pp.696-697, 1974 p.691, 1975 p.696, 1976 p.674, 1977 p.678, 1978 pp.681-682, 1979 p.680, 1980 p.679, 1981 p.673, 1982 p.676, 1983 pp.675-676, 1984 pp.674-675, 1985 pp.594, 795, 1986 pp.587, 794, 1987 pp.556, 762, 1988 pp.508-509, 714, 1989 pp.510, 714, 1990 pp.526, 730, 1991 pp.510, 715, 1992 pp.483, 715, 1993 pp.491, 731, 1994 pp.491, 731, 1995 pp.484, 731, 1996 pp.480, 731, 1997 pp.483, 729, 2002 pp.502-503, 743 [G]
Article : Trinidad & Tobago, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.458-461, 1973-1974 pp.497-501, 1975-1976 pp.500-503, 1976-1977 pp.506-510, 1978-1979 pp.1176-1179, 1979-1980 pp.1185-1189, 1980-1981 pp.1181-1184, 1981-1982 pp.1188-1192, 1982-1983 pp.1187-1191, 1983-1984 pp.1186-1189, 1984-1985 pp.1183-1186, 1985-1986 pp.1184-1187, 1986-1987 pp.1183-1187, 1987-1988 pp.1187-1190, 1988-1989 pp.1191-1194, 1989-1990 pp.1197-1200, 1990-1991 pp.1198-1201, 1991-1992 pp.1201-1204, 1992-1993 pp.1283-1286, 1993-1994 pp.1287-1290, 1994-1995 pp.1286-1289, 1995-1996 pp.1273-1276, 1996-1997 pp.1254-1257, 1997-1998 pp.1252-1255, 1998-1999 pp.1367-1370, 2000 pp.1535-1539, 2001 pp.1503-1507, 2002 pp.1558-1563, 2003 pp.1558-1563, 2004 pp.1577-1582, 2005 pp.1587-1592, 2006 pp.1596-1601 [G]
Article : Trinidad and Tobago, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.147-148, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.147-148, 4th ed. 1984 pp.147-148 [G]
Entry : Trinidad and Tobago, Cabinet p.100, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Trinidad and Tobago, in : Americana Annual 1964 pp.667-668, 1965 p.699, 1966 pp.686-687, 1967 pp.689-690, 1968 p.684, 1969 p.691, 1970 p.693, 1971 p.689, 1972 p.688, 1973 p.687, 1974 p.604 [G]
Entry : Trinidad and Tobago, pp.988-993 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]
Entry : Trinidad and Tobago, in : The Commonwealth Yearbook 1989 pp.367-374 [G]