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Dutch Republic
First posted on November 20th 2010








In 1616 the Dutch acquired Demerara and Essequibo (present-day Guyana) which was lost to Britain in 1803. The W.I.C. was established in 1621. In 1625 it took possession of Nieue Nederland (New Netherlands, lost to England 1664), in 1630 of North-eastern Brazil (lost in 1654/1661). The W.I.C. also held possessions in Africa. In 1630 the W.I.C. took possession of part of Sint Maarten, in 1632 of Sint Eustatius and Saba, 1634 of Curaçao, Aruba and Bonaire. It also temporarily held Tobago (1628-1637, 1654-1677) and part of the Virgin Islands. In 1667 The Sociëteit van Suriname (Society of Suriname; W.I.C. shareholder) took possession of Suriname. The first W.I.C. went bankrupt in 1674 to be replaced by the G.W.I.C. (second W.I.C.) which was dissolved in 1792, and her assets fell to the Dutch Republic; administrated as Suriname and Curaçao (i.e. the Netherlands Antilles).







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Modern Article : Dutch West India Company, from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia Dutch edition
The Dutch West India Company, by Marco Ramerini
Articles : West Indische Compagnie (de eerste, 1600-1674), from Anda Suriname, in Dutch
Historical Voortganck van de West-Indische Compagnie, 1623, in Dutch, GB
S. Ampzing, West-Indische triumph-basuyne, 1629, in Dutch, GB
Links Category : Dutch West India Company, from Wikipedia
Categorie : West Indische Compagnie, from Wikipedia Dutch Edition
Organizations Association of Caribbean Historians
Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen
NICIS Instituut
Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV, Leiden)
Centraal Bureau voor Generalogie
Caribbean Contacts, from Caribbean Database of Documentary Heritage
MOWIC, Foundation for Exploration and Conservation of Monuments of the Dutch West India Company
Historical Dictionaries Herman Daniel Benjamins, Joh. F. Snelleman, Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië (1914-1917), in Dutch, posted on DBNL
Woordenlijst : Vrij van Slavernij, from Nationaal Archief, in Dutch
Portals Anda Suriname, in Dutch
Timelines Carib Seek : Curaçao Timeline
Accounts of History Modern
Historical A.P. Fortanier, Geschiedenis van het ontstaan en de ontwikkeling der Nederlandsche koloniën, 1869, in Dutch,. GB; on West-Indische Compagnie pp.47-64
Specific Periods
Administration
Military L. van Aitzema, Historie of Verhael van saken van staet en oorlogh, in, ende ontrent de Vereenigde Nederlanden .. 1661-1664, 1665, in Dutch, GB
Economy & Finances
Social History Slavernij in Curaçao
Slavenreis, from Ninsee, in Dutch
by Region F.I.R. da Silva, The Dutch and the Portuguese in West Africa : Empire Building and Atlantic System (1580-1674), 2009, thesis Leiden
Biographies
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Documents Historical Newspapers Caribbean Newspaper Digital Library
Historical Yearbooks Nederlandsche Jaerboeken inhoudende een verhaal van de merkwaerdigste geschiedenissen die voorgevallen zyn, binnen den omtrek der Vereenigde Provintien 1747 pt.1, 1748, 1747 pt.2, 1748, 1747 pt.2.2, 1748, vol.4, 1750, vol.5, 1751, vol.5.2, 1751, vol.6, 1752, vol.6.2, 1752, vol.7, 1753, vol.7.2, 1753, more volumes here, in Dutch, GB
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Beeldbank Nationaal Archief
Archival Deposits Search ARCHIEVEN.NL combined search engine for many archives; Archief.NL, Dutch language site providing links to individual archives
Het Netionaal Archief : Archives of the West-Indische Compagnie (WIC); Inventaris van het archief van de Oude West-Indische Compagnie (Oude WIC), 1621-1674 (1711), Inventaris van de archieven van Curaçao, Bonaire en Aruba, 1707-1828 (1859), Inventaris van de archieven van Curacao, Bonaire en Aruba, (1771) 1828-1845 (1914)
Constitutions, Laws
Treaties
Document Collections Search : Wikisource, French edition, English edition, Dutch edition
Secrete Resolutien van de Edele Groot Mog. Heeren Staten van Holland en Westvriesland, vol.1, 1717, vol.2, 1717, GB
Verbael gehouden door de Heeren H. van Beverningk ... als Gedeputeerden en Extraordinaris Ambassadeurs van de Heeren Staeten Generael der Vereenigde Nederlanden aan de Republyck van Engeland .. 1725, in Dutch, GB
J. de Witt, Brieven: deel. Negociatien van de Heeren W. Boreel en C. van Beuningen, 1723, in Dutch, GB
Charter of the Dutch West India Company, 1621, from Avalon Project
Historical Maps Search Koninklijk Instituutvoor de Tropen, Nederlandse Koloniaale Kaarten
Atlas of Mutual Heritage
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular
Economic
Geographical Curaçao, pp.91-93 in The Present State of the West Indies, 1778, GB
Historical Westindische Compagnie, pp.151-183 in vol.2 of Elie Luzac, Betrachtungen über den Ursprung des Handels, 1789, in German, GB
Bonaire, Curacao, Aruba, pp.137-138 in vol.22 of F.M. de Marsy et al., Histoire moderne des Chinois, des Japonnois, des Indiens, des Persans, des Turcs, des Russiens et des Americains, 1771, in French, GB
Dutch West Indies : Curassou, pp.328-329 in vol.4 of W. Winterbotham, An historical, geographical, commercial and philosophical view of the American United States and the European Settlements in America and the West Indies, 1795, GB
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Residence Memoirs
Institutions Archives, Musea, Libraries Nationbaal Archief van Curaçao
Musea op Curaçao, from Portaal Curaçao
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliography General RHS Bibliography
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Nederlandse Bibliografie Online (publications since 1974); Digitale Bibliografie Nederlandse Geschiedenis
on the W.I.C. N.I. Visscher, G.M. Asher, A bibliographical and historical essay on the Dutch books and pamphlets on New Netherland, 1868, GB
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
Koninklijke Bibliotheek - Digitization
Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren (DBNL)
Onread
on the W.I.C. Digital Library of the Caribbean
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
On the W.I.C. MOWIC e-journals 2003-
Nieuwe West Indische Gids 1919-2010
General Accounts Jan Rogozinski, A Brief History of the Caribbean (1992) London : Penguin 1994 [G]
Mordechai Arbell, The Jewish Nation of the Caribbean, Jerusalem : Gefen 2002
H.P.H. Jansen, Kalendarium Geschiedenis van de Lage Landen, (Timeline of the History of the Low Countries), Utrecht 1979 (in Dutch) [G]
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries Albert Gastmann, Historical Dictionary of the French and Netherlands Antilles, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1978 [G]