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Literature on the History of Central Africa
D.R. Congo Namibia
First posted in April 2002, Last revised on November 7th 2013








Prior to the Arrival of the Portuguese . By the arrival of the Portuguese in 1483, the territory of modern Angola was settled by an ethnically diverse population, with pygmys inhabiting dense rainforest areas, and Bantu peoples practising agriculture in regions with arable soil. The Kingdom of Kongo, located at the estuary of the Congo River, was the most prominent polity.

1483-1648 . Portugal established relations with the Kingdom of Kongo; the king converted to Catholicism. The expansion of sugar plantations in (Portuguese) Brazil (since the 1530s) caused an increasing demand in African slaves; Kongo and its vassal Ndongo were areas where the Portuguese acquired slaves in significant numbers. In 1556 Ndongo broke away from Kongo and declared independence. In 1575 the Portuguese erecxted a fort in Luanda. Since 1622, Kongo was at war with Portugal; in 1641 the Kingdom of Kongo allied with the Dutch W.I.C. The W.I.C. held Luanda from 1641 to 1648.

1648-1880 . In 1671 Portugal annexed Ndongo. Kongo had been militarily defeated by the Portuguese in 1661. Portugal maintained two forts in Angola, Luanda and Benguela. Portuguese interest in Angola mainly lay in the procurement of slaves. The abolition of slave trade in 1815 had a significant impact, although the smuggling of slaves continued for some time. In the 19th century, the Portuguese undertook expeditions into the Central African interior.

1880-1974 . Henry Morton Stanley and King Leopold II of Belgium were the driving forces behind the International Association of the Congo, which transmutated into the Congo Free State in 1885; it covered the Congo Basin, but required a narrow strip of land along the estuary of the Congo River (which was claimed by Portugal). The Congo Free State gained international backing and prevailed; thus, Cabinda was separated from the remainder of Angola. Angola's borders were established in agreements with Germany (South West Africa), Britain (Zambia), the Congo Free State and France (French Congo).
When by the early 1960s most African colonies were released into independence, Portugal held on to its colonies. Several organizations took up armed resistance, most notably the MPLA, with Soviet support. Following the Velvet Revolution in Portugal in 1974, Portugal agreed to releasing Angola into independence.

1975-1995 . In 1975 Angola declared independence, but in fact was partitioned into territories held by the MPLA (including capital Luanda; supported by the USSR and Cuba), the Frelimo (supported by the U.S. and the D.R. Congo) and the UNITA (supported by South Africa). Angola became the battleground of the First Angolan Civil War. The conflict was part of the Cold War, in which Cuban soldiers participated supporting the MPLA and South African soldiers fought supporting the UNITA. The collapse of Communism in 1989-1991 brought about an end to the Cold War; with the withdrawal of foreign troops, the First Angolan Civil War transmutated into the Second Angolan Civil War (1991-1995).

1995- . The lengthy civil war period ended in 1995. The development of an oil industry ensured revenues which helped finance reconstruction and development.






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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current CIA World Factbook : Angola; BBC Country Profile : Angola; World Reference Desk : Angola; Art and Life in Africa : Angola
Angola Page, from African Studies at UPenn; from Africa South of the Sahara at Stanford
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Angola
Country Profile : Angola, from ISS
Entry Angola, from EISA Web Encyclopedia
Entry Angola, from Encyclopedia of Nations
Angola Profile, from International Crisis Group
Historical F. de Andrade Leitao, Discurso politico sobre o se auer de largar a coroa de Portugal, Angola, S. Thome, & Maranhao, : exclamado aos altos, & poderosos estados de Olanda 1642, in Portuguese, IA
G.A. Cavazzi, Istorica descrittione de' tre regni Congo, Matamba, et Angola : situati nell'Etiopia inferiore occidentale e delle missioni apostoliche esercitateui da religiosi Capuccini 1690. in Italian, IA
G.A. Pery, Geographia e estatistica geral de Portugal e colonias, com um atlas (1875) in Portuguese, posted on Internet Archive
M. Ferreira Ribeiro, Descripçao physiographica da Provincia de Angola 1904, in Portuguese, IA
Links General
on History
Organizations
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News; from timelines.ws
Accounts of History Modern History of Angola, from newafrica.com, 3 chapters
History : from the origins to independence, from Netangola
Virtual Tour through Angola's History, from Angola.org
Historical V.G. de Cavalho e Menezes, Apontamentos para a historia d'Angola 1882, in Portuguese, IA
Specific Periods Chronology of Portuguese Possessions in Africa, 1415-1800, by Marco Ramerini, scroll down to Angola; 23 individual 'feitorias' (factories) or forts listed
CASCON Case ANG : Angolan Independence 1961-1974, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case ACW : Angolan Civil War, 1974-, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
DADM : Portuguese Angola 1951-1975, Angola, 1974-present Angola/Cabinda, 1975 to present
EISA : Angola: Early migrations and state formation (25.000 BCE-1482 CE) 2005
EISA : Angola: Portuguese, African polities and the slave trade (1482-1614) 2005
EISA : Angola: Kongo, Mbundu and Lunda kingdoms (1614-1700) 2005
EISA : Angola: Expansion of the slave trade and its impact (1700-1836) 2005
EISA : Angola: Portuguese penetration of the interior (1836-1926) 2005
EISA : Angola: Salazar government and colonial policy (1926-1951) 2005
EISA : Angola: Rise of Nationalism (1951-1975) 2005
EISA : Angola: First civil war (1975-1992) 2005
EISA : Angola: Second civil war (1992-2002) 2005
EISA : Angola: Towards peace and democracy (2002-2007) 2008
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Angola
For the Record : Angola, from UN Human Rights System
Military Wars of Angola, 1800-1999, from ACED
A. Leao, M. Rupiya, A military history of the Angolan Armed Forces from the 1960s onwards - as told by former combatants, ch. 1, in M. Rupiya (ed.), Evolutions and Revolutions, A Contemporary History of Militaries in Southern Africa, ISS 2005
J.A.A. Roçadas, Conferencia sobre o sul de Angola a proposito das operaçoes militares no Cuamato, 1908, in Portuguese, IA
M. White, Death Tolls for the Multicides of the Twentieth Century, Portuguese Colonies : Forced Labour, 1900-1925, War of Independence, 1961-1975, Civil War, 1975-2002
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Angola; Tables of Modern Monetary History : Africa, from www.dollarization.org, scroll down for Angola
J. Cilliers, Chr. Dietrich, Angola's War Economy. The Role of Oil and Diamonds (ISS 2000)
R.W. Johnson, Tobacco production and trade in southern Africa, 1975, IA on Rhodesia, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, The Malagasy Republic, Zaire, The Republic of South Africa, Mozambique, Angola
Social History Worldwide Refugee Information : Angola, from U.S. Committee for Refugees
Angola, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
Rural Poverty Portal, Rural poverty in Angola
Ethnography Languages of Angola (41), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Angola
J. de Oliveira Ferreira Diniz, Populaçoes indigenas de Angola, 1918, in Portuguese, IA
J.B.C.B. da Costa Giraul, Ideas geraes sobre a colonizacçao europeia da provincia de Angola : memoria 1901, IA
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Angola, from Kirken i Norge
Angola, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Patron Saint Index : Angola
History of Regions Modern Provinces of Angola, from www.statoids.com
City Councils of Angola, from www.statoids.com
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : People's Republic of Angola, 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
Colonial Era J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Colonia de Africa del Oeste Portugues, 1900-07-08, 1908-07-08, 1918-07-08, 1928-07-08, 1938-07-08, 1948-07-08, Provincia ultramarina de Angola 1958-07-08, 1968-07-08
Precolonial The Ba Kongo Kingdom, in : the former Kingdoms, from Democratic Republic of Congo Homepage
H.B. Mulinda, Aux origines du royaume de Ngoyo, Civilizations 41 1993
Local History History of Luanda, from Angola.org; History of Benguela, from Angola.org
Institutions Angola, from Airline History
Cultural History Luxor African Film Festival : History of Film in Angola
Biographies African Women Bibliographic Database
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Angola, by Ben Cahoon; Rulers : Angola, by B. Schemmel; Regnal Chronologies : West Africa, scroll down for Angola
Lists of Ambassadors Chinese Ambassadors to Angola, from PRC MOFA
List of Canadian Ambassadors to Angola, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls
Lists of Bishops
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Instituto Nacional de Estadistica de Angola
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics, Angola, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
World Life Expectancy : Angola
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Inflation Rates
Election Results Angola, from Elections around the World
Search IPU Parline for "Angola"
EISA : Angola Election Archive
African Elections Database : Electionms in Angola
Documents Historical Newspapers History of Angola, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers
Historical Magazines Search Time Magazine
Search Life Magazine (1936-1972, GB)
Online Yearbooks - Angola Entries Statesman's Year-Book, Portugal : Colonies 1890, pp.826-828, IA, 1891, pp.830-832, IA, 1892, pp.840-842, IA, 1894, pp.841-843, IA, Portugal : Dependencies 1895, pp.841-843, IA, 1896, pp.841-843, IA, Portugal : Dependencies : Angola 1898, p.841, IA, 1899, pp.891-892, IA, 1903, p.978, IA, 1913, pp.1158-1159, IA, 1919, p.1165, IA, 1921, pp.1203-1204, IA
UN Yearbook . UN Yearbook Collection, 1946-2007
The Situation in Territories under Portuguese Administration : Angola 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, Africa : Angola 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
Colonial Administration, Annual Report Relatorio Do Governador Geral Da Provincia de Angola 1867
Audio Collections
Newsreels
Films on History/Society
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections Image of the Royaume d'Angola, from Les Globes de Coronelli, presented to Louis XIV.
Universal Collections
Items on Angola
License plates from Angola, from plaque.free.fr; from License Plates of the World
Airline Timetable Images : Angola
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws South African Legal Information Institute, Databases (scroll down for Angola)
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Angola, from ILO, 33 docs. since 1976
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Peace Agreements Digital Collection : Angola, from United States Institute of Peace
Asser Institute, Documents Angola
Condiçoens para o contrato dos escravos do reino de Angola, que ha de principiar em 5. de janeiro de 1760, 1758, in Portuguese, IA
Agreement Between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (on their own behalf and on the behalf of the Government of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland) and the Government of Portugal With Regard to Certain Angolan and Northern Rhodesian Natives Living on the Kwando River Signed at Lisbon, 18 November 1954 from International Water Law Project
Consular Reports Supplement to Commerce reports : daily consular and trade reports issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce Portuguese West Africa, 22 Nov. 1915, IA
Document Surveys Information by Country : Angola, from U.S. Committee for Refugees, 14 reports 1999-2002
Document Collections
Individual Documents Trou-hertighe onderrichtinge, aen alle hooft participanten, en lief-hebbers vande geoctroyeerde West-Indische Compagnie. Nopende het open stellen vanden handel op de cust van Africa, namentlijck, St. Thome, Guinea, Angola, St. Paulo de Loando, mitsgaders de Marignian, Nieu Nederlant ende West-Indien 1643, in Dutch, IA
A. de Saldanha da Gama, Memoria sobre as colonias de Portugal : situadas na costa occidental d'Africa : mandada ao governo pelo antigo governador e capiao general do reino de Angola, em 1814 : precida de um discurso preliminar, augmentada de alguns additamentos e notas 1839, in Portuguese, IA
B. Rustin, C. Gershman, Africa, Soviet imperialism and the retreat of American power, 1978, IA, (Pamphlet on the civil war in Angola from the mid-1970s)
1884 Report of the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce on German trade on Africa's west coast and on market conditions there; paragraph on Angola, from Deutsche Reichstagsakten, posted by Bayrische Staatsbibliothek; scan, in German, Fraktur font shows full Portuguese claim, yet 'strange' borders
UN Security Council Resolutions 1976 res. 387, 397, 1978 res. 428, 1979 res. 447, 454, 1980 res. 475, 1983 res. 545, 1984 res. 546, 1985 res. 567, 571, 574, 577, 1987 res. 602, 606, 1988 res. 626, 1989 res. 628, 1991 res. 696, 1992 res. 747, 785, 793, 1993 res. 804, 811, 823, 834, 851, 864, 890, 1994 res. 922, 945, 952, 1995 res. 976, 1996 res. 1045, 1055, 1064, 1075, 1087, 1997 res. 1098, 1101, 1102, 1106, 1118, 1127, 1130, 1135, 1998 1149, 1157, 1164, 1173, 1176, 1180, 1190, 1195, 1202, 1213, 1219, 1999 res. 1221, 1229, 1237, 1268, 2000 res. 1294, 1295, 2001 res. 1336, 1348, 1374, 2002 res. 1404, 1412, 1432, 1433, 1439, 1448
Historical Maps responsible institutions Angolan Geographical and Cadastral Institute National Mapping Agencies in Africa
collections : Africa Historical Maps of Africa, University of Alabama
collections : Angola Angola Maps, PCL, UTexas
Atlas of Angola, Wikimedia Commons
B.E, Zsombor, The Manuscript Maps of Angola by Magyar Laszlo and the Cholnoky Map Collection of Cluj ICACI 2009
David Rumsey Map Collection : Angola
Africa, Modern Africa 1905, 1912, 1938, 1959, 1967, 1993, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Africa, Contemporary Historical Map of Africa 1885, Nations Online Project
Map of 1635 by Willem Jansz. Blaeu, Aethiopia inferioris, from Yale Univ. Library, shows ANGOLA under Congo Regnum (Kingdom of Congo)
Map of 1707 by Homann from James Ford Bell Library has ANGOLA REGNUM
Map of 1795, from Blondeau from Yale Univ. Library, features ANGOLA
Map of 1808 by R. Brookes, General Gazetteer, 1808 from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas, has ANGOLA
Map of 1821 by William C. Woodbridge, Africa from Yale Univ. Library, shows ANGOLA
Map of 1824 by Anthony Finley, from Yale Univ. Library, shows ANGOLA
Map of 1829 by Eustache Herisson, Carte Generale de l'Afrique, 1829, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas; very detailed, ROYAUME D'ANGOLA
Africa 1885, PCL, UTexas
Africa 1909, World Maps Online
Africa 1910, Emerson Kent
Africa 1913, Zonu
Angola, Modern
Angola, contemporary Map of 1881 from Richard Andree's Allgemeiner Handatlas, 1881, shows Portuguese Angola as a colony well-established, reaching far into Africa's interior
Map of 1890, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Am. ed. 1890, posted by Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas, features the interior (Ulunda) as still independent
Africa map of 1892 from Gardiner's Atlas of English History, 1892
Angola 1906, 1932, Probert Encyclopedia
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary R. de Lannoy de Bissy, Carte de l'Afrique a l'echelle de 1:2 000 000 43. St. Paul de Loanda 1883, 43. St. Paul de Loanda 1885, 43. St. Paul de Loanda 1894, 44. Kabebe 1884, 44. Kabebe 1885, 44. Kabebe 1895, 48. Mossamedes 1883, 48. Mossamedes 1889, 48. Mossamedes 1894, 49. Linyanti 1883, 49. Linyanti 1889, 49. Linyanti 1894, Gallica
Africa 1:2.000.000, U.S. Army Map Service, sheets 26 Kinshasa (1978), 27 Lumumbashi (1969), 29 Benguela (1968), 30 Lusaka (1970), PCL, UTexas
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Angola, from EB 1911, Wikisource
Article : Kabinda, from EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Religious Article Angola and Congo, Diocesis of, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907 edition
Portuguese West Africa, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Economic Angola pp.353-355 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Angola p.128
Geographical
Ethnographical E. Reclus, A.H. Keane, The Earth and its Inhabitants Africa vol.4 : South and East Africa, 1890, IA : Angola pp.1-60
E. Reclus, A.H. Keane, Africa and its Inhabitants vol.4 1899; Portuguese West Africa (Angola) pp.1-60
Historical
Parliamentary Debates
Travelogues The strange adventures of Andrew Battell of Leigh, in Angola and the adjoining regions 1901 (narrative from the late 16th century), IA
Z. Taurinius, Travels through the interior of Africa, from the Cape of Good Hope to Morocco; in Caffraria, the Kingdoms of Mataman, Angola, Massi, Monoemugi, Muschako, Bahahara, Wangara, Haoussa, & c., &c. and thence through the desert of Sahara and the north of Barbary to Morocco. Between the years 1781 and 1797, 1801, IA
M. Ferreira Ribeiro, As conferencias e o itinerario do viajante Serpa Pinto atravez das terras da Africa austral no limites das provincias de Angola e Moçambique, 1879, in Portuguese, IA
Daniel Veth's reizen in Angola, voorafgegaan door eene schets van zijn leven, 1887, in Dutch, IA
J.C. Baron Statham, Through Angola, a coming colony 1922, IA
Institutions Archives
Musea
Monuments
Libraries National Libraries of Africa : Angola
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthems, Angola, from National Anthems, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Angola, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Angolan coins from Collections of Coins, bilingual Russian and English page
Search Coin Archives for Angola
Stamps Angola Stamps 1870-1914, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Angola survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database AfricaBib : Africana Periodical Literature, African Women, Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africa
African Borderlands Research Network : Bibliography
general bibliographies pp.91-166 in P.M. Martin, Historical Dictionary of Angola, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1980 [G]
pp.189-228 in W.M. James, Historical Dictionary of Angola, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 2004 [G]
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliographie de l'Archeologie de l'Afrique Centrale : Angola
G.M. Asher, A bibliographical and historical essay on the Dutch books and pamphlets relating to New-Netherland, and to the Dutch West-India company and to its possessions in Brazil, Angola, etc. 1854, IA
serial publications
general bibliographies
Angola entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Roots Institute, Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
Angola-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Angola Aluka, African Online Digital Library (AODL), African Digital Library (ADL)
Biblioteca Digital, Memorias de Africa e do Oriente
Online Journals full text online African e-Journals Project, Journal Directory
Journal of Namibian Studies
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.28, pp.874-880 Article Southern Africa : Angola. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.128
Specific Topics Hans Meyer, Die Eisenbahnen im Tropischen Afrika (The Railroads in Tropical Africa), Leipzig : Duncker & Humblot 1902, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Angola, pp.69-73
Shubi L. Ishemo, Forced Labour and Migration in Portuguese African Colonies, pp.162-165 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Chapter 29 : Portuguese Africa, pp.585-601, in : John Gunther, Inside Africa, NY : Harper & Bros. (1953) 1955 [G]
The First Angolan Civil War, 1975-1991, pp.100-125; The Second Angolan Civil War, 1992-1995, pp.151-166, in : John W. Turner, Continent Ablaze. The Insurgency Wars in Africa, 1960 to the Present, London : Cassell 1998
Historical Dictionaries Phyllis M. Martin, Historical Dictionary of Angola, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1980 [G]
W.M. James, Historical Dictionary of Angola, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 2004 [G]
Terry M. Mays, Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Articles : Cabinda pp.99-101, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Portuguese Dependencies, 1913 p.1125 [G]
Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1945 pp.560-561, 1946 pp.591-592, 1947 p.614, 1948 p.600, 1949 pp.532-533, 1950 p.558, 1951 p.565 [G]
Portuguese Overseas Territories, 1952 pp.567, 1953 p.575, 1954 pp.574-575, 1955 pp.623-624, 1956 pp.561-562, 1957 pp.624-625, 1958 pp.557-559, 1959 pp.556-557, 1960 pp.557-558, 1961 pp.569-570, 1962 pp.558-561, 1963 pp.662-664, 1964 pp.677-678 [G]
Colonies and Other Dependencies, 1965 p.254, 1966 pp.205, 1967 pp.220, 1968 pp.218, 1969 p.280, 1970 p.280, 1971 p.270 (on events of 1970) [G]
Angola, 1972 p.242 [G]
Dependent States, 1973 p.233 [G]
Angola, 1974 p.250, 1975 p.224, 1975 p.224, 1976 pp.122-124, 1977 pp.126-127, 1978 pp.182-183, 1979 pp.177-178, 1980 pp.176-177, 1981 pp.178-179, 1982 pp.177-178, 1983 pp.171-172, 1984 pp.170-171, 1985 pp.459-460, 626, 1986 pp.455, 622, 1988 pp.383-384, 542, 1989 pp.383-384, 542, 1990 pp.400-401, 558, 1993 pp.355-356, 550, 1994 pp.353-354, 550, 1995 pp.369-370, 550 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook Portugal : Dependencies : Angola, 1895 pp.841-843, 1898 pp.839-842, 1901 pp.938-942, 1905 pp.1019-1023, 1910 pp.1119-1120 [G]
Portuguese Dependencies : Angola (Portuguese West Africa), 1919 p.1165, 1924 pp.1221-1222, 1925 pp.1229-1230, 1926 pp.1191-1192, 1928 pp.1225-1226, 1929 pp.1202-1203, 1932 pp.1221-1222, 1937 pp.1253-1254 [G]
Portuguese Dependencies : Angola, 1943 pp.1200-1201 [G]
Portugal : Angola, 1970-1971 pp.1260-1261, 1975-1976 pp.1264-1265, 1978-1979 pp.85-87, 1980-1981 pp.84-86, 1983-1984 pp.81-84, 1984-1985 pp.81-84, 1985-1986 pp.79-82, 1987-1988 pp.79-82, 1988-1989 pp.79-83, 1989-1990 pp.81-84, 1990-1991 pp.81-84, 1991-1992 pp.82-85, 1992-1993 pp.84-87, 1993-1994 pp.88-91, 1994-1995 pp.86-90, 1995-1996 pp.78-82, 1996-1997 pp.82-86, 1997-1998 pp.88-92, 1998-1999 pp.110-115, 2000 pp.142-147, 2001 pp.143-148, 2002 pp.147-152, 2003 pp.149-154, 2004 pp.151-156, 2005 pp.147-152 [G]
(New) International Yearbook Angola or Portuguese West Africa, 1899 p.32 [G]
Americana Annual Angola, or Portuguese West Africa, 1927 p.42, 1928 p.44, 1930 p.53, 1931 p.49, 1932 p.35, 1933 p.34, 1934 pp.43-44, 1935 p.47, 1936 p.46, 1937 p.39, 1943 p.43, 1944 p.48 [G]
Portuguese Colonial Empire - Angola, 1945 p.591, 1946 pp.613-614 [G]
Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1947 pp.576-577 [G]
Portuguese Territories - Angola, 1957 pp.637-638, 1961 pp.604-605 [G]
Portuguese Territories, 1962 pp.610-612, 1963 pp.541-543, 1964 pp.538-539 [G]
Angola, 1971 p.96, 1972 p.96, 1973 p.89, 1976 pp.86, 89, 1989 p.106, 1990 p.100-101, 1993 p.108, 1994 p.107 [G]
Other