First posted on December 12th 2012






Literature on the History of Central Africa

Relevant Institutions : Digital Libraries :
Digital Public Library of America, Gallica
The Anthropology Back Door to the Web, Publications on Central African Archaeology (B. Clist; in French)
Memoria d'Africa e d'Oriente, Biblioteca digital

Relevant Institutions : Hemerotheques (Digital Newspaper Archives) :
Bulletin du Comite de l'Afrique française 1891-1908, Gallica
Journal officiel de l'Afrique equatoriale française 1905-1906, Gallica
Journal officiel du Congo français 1891-1903, Gallica
Ligue internationale ["puis" Ligue française et Ligue suisse] pour la defense des indigenes dans le bassin conventionnel du Congo 1908-1909, Gallica
Bulletin officiel du Ministere des colonies 1894-1921, 1925, Gallica

Relevant Institutions : Archives :
National Archives of Tunisia
National Archives of former Colonial Powers : National Archives (Belgium), Archives Nationales d'Outremer (France), Bundesarchiv (Germany), Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal), Spain
Vatican Secret Archives

Relevant Institutions : Academic Journals
Africa South of the Sahara : History : Journals (Stanford)
African Studies Centre, Leiden, List of free, Africa related, e-journals
FULL TEXT
Revue africaine : journal des travaux de la Societe historique algerienne 1856-1929, Gallica
Afrique et Histoire 2003-2009, CAIRN
Annales du Musee de Congo 1902-1906, Gallica
Bulletin du Comite d'etudes historiques et scientifiques de l'Afrique 1917-1937, Gallica
Revue de l'histoire des colonies françaises 1907-1931, Gallica
Nordic Journal of African Studies 1992-2012
Cahiers d'etudes africaines 1960-2013


Reference Material : Bibliography :
B. Clist, Bibliography of African Archaeology
Bibliographie du Congo, 1880-1895 1895, Gallica
V. Tantet, Catalogue methodique de la bibliotheque du ministere des Colonies, 1905, Gallica

Reference Material : Atlases :
S. Kasule, The History Atlas of Africa, NY : Macmillan 1998 [G]
G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, A Modern Atlas of African History, London : Rex Collings 1976 [G]
I. LL. Griffiths, An Atlas of African Affairs, London : Routledge 1984 [G]
J. Murray, Cultural Atlas of Africa, NY : Facts on File (1981) 1995 [G]
University of Texas, Perry Castaneda Library, Map Collection Topographical Maps, Africa
Barralier, AEF, Carte Ethnographique 1918, Gallica
H. Barrere, AEF 1930, Gallica
Deffontaines, AOF, AEF : Carte Economique, n.d., Bibliotheque Numerique de l'Universite d'Artois
[Ethnographie et migrations au Gabon et au Congo Francais 1 : 4.000.000, set of 5 maps, 1905, Gallica
Carte du Congo francais et Haut Oubanghi (parties du Cameroun et de l'Etat independant du Congo) 1897-1898, Gallica
H. Habenicht, Der Congo Staat und das Freihandelsgebiet 1885, Gallica
J.B.B. d'Anville, Carte particuliere du royaume de Congo et de ce qui precede depuis le cap de Lopo 1731, Gallica
J. Blaeu, Regna Congo et Angola 1662, Gallica
Service Geographique des Colonies, Cate du Congo Français au 1 : 1.500.000, 1895, Gallica

Reference Material : Statistical Data :
IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Jan Lahmeyer, Population Statistics : Africa; has tables showing historical data

Reference Material : Historical Dictionaries :
J.S. Olson, The Peoples of Africa. An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, Westport Ct : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Ken Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History, vol.2 : H-O, NY : Taylor & Francis 2005, vol.3 : P-Z, 2005 [G]
Scarecrow Historical Dictionaries by Country, volumes Chad 1977, Central African Republic 1980, PR Congo 1974, Gabon 1981, Equatorial Guinea 1988, Zaire 1988, Angola 1980, 2004 [G]
Encyclopedie du Congo belge vol.1, n.d., Gallica

Reference Material : Lists of Rulers (Archontology):
Regnal Chronologies, Southern Africa (for Madagascar)
Ben Cahoon, World Statesmen
I. Mladjov, Monarchs
Liste des dirigeants de l'Afrique Equatoriale Française, Wikipedia French edition


Primary Sources : surveys
Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum atque Americanarum, pp.263-273 (Africa pp.263-268), in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Les Sources de l'Histoire moderne et contemporaine africaine, DEA 1999
Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English language)

Primary Sources : compilations
E. Hertslet (ed.), The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.1 1894, vol.2 1887, vol.3 1896, IA
Internet African History Sourcebook
H. Schirmer, Traites de partage de 1894 en Afrique centrale 1894, Gallica
Documents relatifs a la prefecture apostolique du Congo 1881, Gallica
Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres (F), Documents Diplomatiques. Affaires du Congo et de l'Afrique occidentale 1884, Gallica, 1885, Gallica, Affaires du Congo, 1884-1887 1890, Gallica; 1884-1895 1895, Gallica, Afrique : arrangements, actes et conventions concernant le nord, l'ouest et le centre de l'Afrique : 1881-1898 1898, Gallica
Despatches from United States Consuls in Boma 1888-1895, 1955, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents
UN General Assembly, Resolutions

Primary Sources : explorers' travelogues
C.F. Damberger, Travels through the interior of Africa: from the Cape of Good Hope to Morocco 1801, GB
P. de Chaillu, Explorations and Adventures in Central Africa 1861, GB
J. Petherick, Travels in Central Africa, and explorations of the Western Nile Tributaries 1869, GB

Primary Sources : Historiography
J. Conrad, Heart of Darkness 1899
E.D. Morel, The Congo Slave State, 1903, IA
M. Twain, King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule 1905, IA
A.C. Doyle, The Crime of the Congo 1909, IA
E.D. Morel, Great Britain and the Congo; the pillage of the Congo basin 1909, IA
E.D. Morel, Red rubber : the story of the rubber slave trade which flourished on the Congo for twenty years, 1890-1910 1919, IA
F. Alexis, La barbarie africaine et l'action civilisatrice des missions catholiques au Congo et dans l'Afrique equatoriale : contenant, comme preliminaires, un chapitre sur le mouvement antiesclavagiste et le discours du cardinal Lavigerie a Londres 1889, Gallica

Primary Sources : Mission Journals
Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica

Primary Sources : yearbooks
GENERAL
Britannica Book of the Year 1913, 1942-1997, 1999, 2002 [G]; KMLA Library has vol. 1998, 2006
Statesman's Yearbook 1878, 1889, 1895, 1898, 1901-1902, 1904-1907, 1910, 1912, 1918, 1919, 1924-1926, 1928-1929, 1932-1933, 1937, 1942-1943, 1961-1962, 1962-1963, 1970-1971, 1973-1974, 1975-1976 to 1976-1977, 1978-1979 to 2011
Statesman's Yearbook 1867 IA, 1868 IA, 1869 IA, 1871 IA, 1872 IA, 1873 IA, 1874 IA, 1875 IA, 1876 IA, 1877 IA, 1878 IA, 1879 IA, 1880 IA, 1881 IA, 1882 IA, 1883 IA, 1884 IA, 1885 IA, 1886 IA, 1887 IA, 1888 IA, 1889 IA, 1890 IA, 1891 IA, 1892 IA, 1894 IA, 1895 IA, 1896 IA, 1899 IA, 1903 IA, 1913 IA, 1919 IA, 1921 IA
Americana Annual 1927-1928, 1930-1941, 1943-1947, 1950-1954, 1957-1981, 1983-1990, 1992-1995, 1997-1998, 2000-2002, 2005-2006, 2008
(New) International Yearbook 1898-1900, 1907-1910, 1913-1914, 1916-1926, 1928-1935, 1937-1946, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1961-1962 [G]; Internet Archive provides links to scans of volumes of 1925-1959
Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1989 [G]
NATIONAL (Staatskalender)
Congo Français. Rapport General pour 1899, Gallica
Yearbook of the United Nations, 1946-2007

Primary Sources : historic commercial directories etc.
W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva; or, The merchant's directory. 1754 ed. IA, of the Trade of Africk pp.613-620; 1792 ed. IA, of the Trade of the African Coast pp.771-783, of the Trade of the African Islands pp.783-786
W. Dickinson, Universal Commerce, 1818, GB; Africa p.2
Knight's cyclopaedia of the industries of all nations 1851, IA; Africa pp.39-44

Primary Sources : other
Oriental Coins Database
Money Museum, Central Asia, Ancient Times, Late Middle Ages, Late Modern Times

Primary Sources : other
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1861-1960
U.S. Office of the Historian : Archives : Countries
G.W. MacAlpine, Abstract of the report of the Commission of enquiry into the administration of the Congo Free State 1906, IA


Surveys
F. Pigafetta, Relatione del reame di Congo et delle circonvicine contrade 1591, Gallica
G.A. Cavazzi de Montecuccoli, Relation historique de l'Ethiopie occidentale : contenant la description des royaumes de Congo, Angolle et Matamba vol.2 1732, Gallica

Specific Topics : by period
PREHISTORY UNTIL 1450
The Prehistory of West Africa, chapter 21 pp.222-240 in J. Ki-Zerbo, Methodology and African Prehistory, vol.I abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1989 [G]
B.M. Fagan, People of the Earth. An Introduction to World Prehistory, 2001 [G]; ch.6 : Africans and Australians 45.000 B.P. to Modern Times pp.184-203, ch.11 First Farmers in Egypt and Tropical Africa pp.292-303, ch.16 [Early Civilization] Egypt, Nubia, and Africa pp.412-452
1450-1750
1750-1914
African Initiatives and Resistance in Central Africa, chapter 6 pp.83-94; chapter 27 pp.289-300 in Politics and nationalism in Central and Southern Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
African Initiatives and Resistance in Central Africa, chapter 6 pp.169-193; chapter 27 pp.673-711 in Politics and nationalism in Central and Southern Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
T. Jeal, Explorers of the Nile, New Haven : Yale UP 2011 [G] narrative, focusing on British exploters of the Congo, Uganda, Southern Sudan
SINCE 1914
Chapter 18 pp.259-272 : From the Cameroon grasslands to the upper Nile, chapter 19 pp.273-290 : The Kongo kingdom and its neighbours, chapter 20 pp.290-299 : The poliutical system of the Luba and Lunda, in : B.A. Ogot, Africa from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, vol.V abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa (1992) 1999 [G]
Chapter 8 pp.192-220 : Equatorial West Africa 1945-1960 in A.A. Mazrui, Africa since 1935, vol.VIII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 960 M476g
La Fondation Charles de Gaulle, L'aventure de l'Afrique Française libre : le ralliement de l'Afrique Equatoriale française (AEF)
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 10 : Africa and the Second World War, 1985

Specific Topics : social history
P.E. Lovejoy, Transformations in Slavery. A History of Slavery in Africa, Cambridge : UP 3rd ed. 2012 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 306.3 L897t
F. Chapiseau, Au Pays de l'esclavage, moeurs et coutumes de l'Afrique centrale 1900, Gallica
R. Hayashi, Long term population dynamics in Africa: A perspective from the urban structure 2007
Cote occidentale : Congo, Guinee, Senegambie pp.301-379, Interieur : Soudan ou Nigritie pp.379-465 in C. Henricy, Les moeurs et costumes de tous les peuple :
Afrique, 1847, Gallica

Specific Topics : economic history
Gouvernement-General de l'Afrique Equatoriale Française, Evolution economique des possessions francaises de l'Afrique 1913, Gallica
E. Jung, L'avenir economique des nos colonies, vol.1 Indochine, Afrique Orientale, Congo, Madagascar, 1908, Gallica
V. Pourbaix et al., Le regime economique et les societes commerciales du Congo français 1899, Gallica
Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale, Histoire de l'Emission Monetaire en Afrique Centrale
E.D. Morel, The Black Man's Burden 1920, IA

Specific Topics : history of religion
T.O. Ranger et al., The Historical Study of African Religion, Berkeley UP 1972 [G]
J. Kenny O.P., The Catholic Church in Tropical Africa 1445-1850, 1982

Specific Topics : cultural history
Distribution of African Languages, map from Muturzikin
Languages of Africa, from Ethnologue; click on country
Heilbrunn Timeline of African History : Central Africa 1400-1600, 1600-1800, 1800-1900, 1900 to present
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thematic Essays : African Rock Art of the Central Zone, African Christianity in Kongo, Dona Beatriz : Kongo Prophet, Kongo Ivories, Kingdoms of the Savanna : The Kuba Kingdom, The Luba and Lunda Empires
Museum websites : Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren (Belgium)

Specific Topics : Geographic/Ethnographic Compendia, East Africa coverage
Leo Africanus [c.1492-c.1550], The history and description of Africa vol.1 1896, IA; Congo, Angola, Quizama pp.71-77; vol.II 1896, IA; (Maghreb)
A. du Bois, La Geographie moderne, naturelle historique & politique, vol.4 : Afrique etc., 1736, GB; ch.VIII Le Congo pp.763-767
Thomas Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744-1746 edition vol.3 Congo pp.37-38
T.G. Smollett, The Present State of all Nations, vol.8 1769, GB; Lower Guinea, or Congo pp.159-169
W. Guthrie, A new system of modern geography : or, A geographical, historical, and commercial grammar ; and present state of the several nations of the world ... vol.2 1794, IA; Of Africa from the Tropic of Cancer to the Cape of Good Hope pp.189-191
T.F. Ehrmann, Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, vol.8, Afrika, 1810, GB
C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, vol.3, 1827, GB; Congo pp.30-53
H. Murray et al., An Encyclopaedia of Geography 1834, GB; Western Africa pp.1209-1232
E. Reclus, Universal Geography, The Earth and its Inhabitants [1876-1894], vol.11 North and West Africa, n.d., IA
World Geography Encyclopedia, vol.1 : Africa, 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 910.3 P238w v.1

Specific Topics : history by country
H.W. Wack, The Story of the Congo, 1905 [G]
Naval Intelligence Division, Geographical Handbook Series, French Equatorial Africa and Cameroons, 1942 [G]
M.E. Denis et al., Histoire militaire de l'Afrique Equatoriale française 1931, Gallica




WHKMLA Pages

Since Independence, c.1960- : Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo Brazzaville, D.R. Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome e Principe

KMLA History Program Papers on West African History