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Literature on the History of Central Africa
Cameroon Rep. Congo
First posted in April 2002, Last revised on November 5th 2013

1843-1910 . Libreville was established in 1843 as a French outpost for the resettlement of freed slaves. It became the capital of the colony of Gabon, which gradually was expanded along the coast and the banks of the Ogooue River. In 1880 Brazzaville was established, which became the capital of the French colony of Moyen Congo (French Congo). From 1880 to 1905, Gabon and Moyen Congo had a common administration; in 1905 they were separated. In 1910 the French colonies of Gabon, Moyen Congo, Oubangi-Chari and Chad federated to form French Equatorial Africa (AEF).

1910-1960 . From 1910 to 1957, Gabon was part of AEF, the capital of which was Brazzaville (Moyen Congo). Gabon attracted some attention when missionary Albert Schweitzer managed his hospital in Lambarene (Gabon). In 1957, AEF was dissolved; in 1960, Gabon became independent.

1960 . Independence.

Historical Atlas, Gabon Page

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook; countries Gabon
Historical Rapport sur la colonisation du Gabon et de l'Afrique centrale 1848, Gallica
L. Henrique, Les colonies françaises : notices illustrees. Le Gabon-Congo 1889, Gallica
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World, from BUBL, from African Studies Center, UPenn, from Africa South of the Sahara at Stanford
African Studies : Gabon, from Columbia Univ. Library
on History
Historical Dictionary
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News; from timelines.ws
K. Manonga, Chronologie de l'histoire du Gabon depuis 1472
Accounts of History Current Article History of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Category : History of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Specific Periods Theme : Le consensus politique au Gabon, de 1960 a nos jours. Article : Ubangi-Chari, from Wikipedia
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Gabon; Country Report : Gabon, from Polity IV; For the Record : Gabon, from UN Human Rights System; Country Profile : Gabon, from ISS; Article Politics of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Category : Politics of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of Gabon 1800-1999, from ACED
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Gabon, from ODM
Gabon Military Profile 2006, from Index Mundi
J. Morel, Calendrier des crimes de la France outre-mer, 2005 : 19 fevrier 1964: Repression du putsch militaire par les troupes françaises (Gabon)
Economy & Finances Article : Economy of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Category : Economy of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Global Currency History : Gabon
Social History
Ethnography Languages of Gabon (41), from Ethnologue
Worldwide Refugee Information, Gabon, from U.S. Committee for Refugees
Information by Country : Gabon, from U.S. Committee for Refugees Category : Ethnic Groups in Gabon, from Wikipedia
Category : Languages of Gabon, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Gabon
F. Grebert, Au Gabon, 1922, IA
X. Cadet, Histoire des Fang, Peuple Gabonais , thesis Lille 2005
Religion Category : Religion in Gabon, from Wikipedia
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Gabon, from Kirken i Norge
Gabon, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
W. Ireland, Historical sketch of the Zulu mission, in South Africa, as also of the Gaboon mission in Western Africa 1865, IA
History of Regions Modern Provinces of Gabon, from www.statoids.com
Departements of Gabon, from www.statoids.com
Article Provinces of Gabon, from Wikipedia
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Republique du Gabon, 1968-07-08, 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
Colonial Era J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : Territoire du Gabon, 1900-07-08, Colonie du Gabon, 1908-07-08, Territoire du Gabon, 1918-07-08, 1928-07-08, Territoire d'Outre-Mer du Gabon, 1938-07-08, 1948-07-08, 1958-07-08
Local History History of Libreville, from Wikipedia
Institutions Contemporary African Database, Institutions : Gabon
Gabon, from Airline History
Missions d'études au Gabon . Chemin de fer du Nord [signé : capitaine Périquet] et mission hydrographique 1913, Gallica
Cultural History Art and Life in Africa : Gabon
V. Bobanga, Le Masque, une source documentaire pour l'histoire du Gabon, 2009
Biographies Chinese Ambassadors to Gabon, from PRC MOFA
African Women Bibliographic Database
Environmental History Afrotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
Others The Peace Corps in Gabon, from Peace Corps Online

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); Leaders of Gabon, from ZPC, including party leaders
Heads of State of Gabon, from Wikipedia
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Direction Generale de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (DGSEE), Gabon
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Gabon, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
World Life Expectancy : Gabon
Election Results from Psephos (since 1998); from IFES Election Guide (since 1998)
Gabon, from Elections and Electoral Systems, from African Elections Database, since 1961
Search IPU Parline for "Gabon"
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Direction des Publications Officielles, Journal Officiel de la Republique Gabonaise 1970-
Journal officiel du Gabon-Congo 1889 Jan.-May, Gallica
Online Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Yearbooks International; Congo entries Statesman's Year-Book, Gabun-Congo 1890, p.503, IA, 1891, p.507, IA, 1892, p.515, IA, 1894, p.515, IA, 1895, p.515, IA, 1896, p.515, IA, 1898, p.514, IA, 1899, p.556, IA, French Congo 1903, p.617, IA, 1913, p.828, IA, 1919, p.861, IA, 1921, pp.886-888, IA
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Archives nationales d'outre-mer, Base Ulysse, image base (France)
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Gabon
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Airline Timetable Images : Gabon
Archival Deposits Archives nationales d'outre mer, France
Constitutions, Laws World Law Guide, Legislation Gabon
WIPO, Code Civile du Gabon, Pt.1 1995
Budgets Budget general, Budget special annexe sur fonds d'emprunt, Budget local [du Gabon, du Moyen-Congo, de l'Oubangui-Chari, du territoire du Tchad] : Exercice... / Ministere des colonies. Gouvernement general du Congo français 1891-1896, Gallica
Comptes definitifs des recettes et des depenses : budget local du Gabon : exercice... / Gouvernement general de l'Afrique equatoriale française, Gabon 1925, 1926, Gallica
Document Collections World History Archives : Gabon
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Gabon, from ILO, 35 docs. since 1960
Search IPU Parline for "Gabon"
Asser Institute, Documents Gabon
UK War Cabinet January 1940-July 1941, Libreville Documents, Hack the Record
Individual Documents 1884 Report of the Hamburg Chamber of Commerce on German trade on Africa's west coast and on market conditions there; paragraph on Gaboon, from Deutsche Reichstagsakten, posted by Bayrische Staatsbibliothek; scan, in German, Fraktur font
Peace Corps Journal of Bob Utne in Gabon 1963-1964, from Peace Corps Online
Gabon 1979-1981, from Peace Corps Online
Historical Maps responsible institutions Institut National de Cartographie, National Mapping Agencies in Africa
collections : Africa Historical Maps of Africa, University of Alabama
collections : Gabon click here
Gabon Maps, PCL, UTexas
Atlas of Gabon, Wikimedia Commons
Africa, Modern Africa 1905, 1912, 1938, 1959, 1967, 1993, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Africa, Contemporary Historical Map of Africa 1885, Nations Online Project
Africa 1885, PCL, UTexas
Map of Africa 1890, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Am. edition, 1890, from Perry Castaneda Library, Utexas
Map of Africa 1892, from Gardiner's Atlas of English History
Africa 1909, World Maps Online
Africa 1910, Emerson Kent
Africa 1913, Zonu
Gabon, Modern U.S. Geological Survey : Gabon : Minerals
African Linguistic Maps : Central and Eastern Africa, Muturzikin
Gabon, Ethnic Groups, mappery
Gabon, contemporary TOPOGRAPHIC
R. de Lannoy de Bissy, Carte de l'Afrique a l'echelle de 1:2 000 000 34. St. Libreville 1885, 34. St. Libreville 1891, Gallica
Colonie Française de Gabon-Congo 1895, Gallica
Africa 1:2.000.000, U.S. Army Map Service, sheet 22 French Congo (1958), PCL, UTexas
Lt. Avelot, Ethnographie et migrations au Gabon et au Congo Français 1 : 4 000 000 1905, 5 maps, Gallica
Gabon. Carte forestiere 1931, Gallica
Costes d'Afrique depuis le Cap de Lopes Gonsalves au Royaume de Gabon jusqu'au Cap Ledo, Roy. d'Angole, c.1600, Gallica
1884, Gallica
J. Hansen, Pays compris entre l'Ogooue et le Congo 1885, Gallica
J. Hansen, Congo français ou France equatoriale 1886, Gallica
M. Payeur-Didelot, Gabon. - Colonie française du Gabon-Congo, 1/3 700 000 1895, Gallica
Map of Central Africa 1895 from Annales de Geographie IV, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas, has borders between Congo and Kamerun
French Equatorial Africa 1922, 1932, Probert Encyclopedia
J. Chavanne, Carte de l'Afrique equatoriale entre le Congo et l'Ogooue
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article Gabun, from EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Article Gabun, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 4th ed. 1888-1890, in German, Retrobibliothek
Religious Article Gaboon, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1912
Economic W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Gabon p.137
Parliamentary Debates
Travelogues Paul du Chaillu : Travels in Africa, 1868-1870, from Modern History Sourcebook
Tourist Guides
Exhibition Catalogues Gabon, Congo à l'Exposition, 1889 1889, Gallica
Institutions Archives
Musea Museums in Gabon, from International Council of African Museums
Libraries National Libraries of Africa : Gabon
Libraries in Gabon, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Gabon, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, from World Currency Museum
Gabon Coins, from African Coins and Tokens
Stamps Stamps Gabon 1889-1924, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Gabon survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database AfricaBib : Africana Periodical Literature, African Women, Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africa
African Borderlands Research Network : Bibliography
Ethno-Net Africa Database : Gabon, Bibliography
general bibliographies Bruel, Bibliographie de l'Afrique Equatoriale Française, 1914, IA
pp.198-254 in D.E. Gardinier, Historical Dictionary of Gabon, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1981 [G]
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliographie de l'Archeologie de l'Afrique Centrale : Gabon
serial publications
general bibliographies
Gabon entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Roots Institute, Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
Gabun-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna

Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Gabon Aluka, African Online Digital Library (AODL), African Digital Library (ADL)
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.15, pp.637-640 Article Central Africa : Gabon. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.15
Specific Topics see also under French Equatorial Africa
Historical Dictionary David E. Gardinier, Historical Dictionary of Gabon, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1981 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year Article Gabon Republic, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1960 p. 280 (on events of 1959) [G]
Article : Gabon, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1961 pp.289-290, 1962 p.283, 1963 p.397, 1964 pp.385-386, 1965 p.380, 1966 pp.336-337, 1967 pp.365-366, 1968 pp.367-368, 1969 pp.363-364, 1970 pp.369-370, 1971 p.350, 1972 p.324, 1973 pp.321-322, 1974 p.328, 1975 p.317, 1976 p.358, 1977 p.359, 1978 pp.403-404, 1979 p.396, 1980 p.396, 1981 p.397, 1982 pp.395-396, 1983 p.392, 1984 p.394, 1985 pp.465, 681, 1986 pp.460, 678, 1987 pp.428, 647, 1988 pp.389, 599, 1989 pp.389, 600, 1990 pp.406, 615, 1991 pp.385-386, 600, 1992 pp.357, 600, 1993 pp.361, 609, 1994 pp.359, 610, 1995 pp.408, 610, 1996 pp.406, 610, 1997 pp.420, 608, 2002 pp.427, 609 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook Article French Congo and Gabun, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 p.515, 1898 p.514 [G]
Article : Gabon, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.934-935, 1975-1976 pp.947-948, 1976-1977 pp.955-956, 1978-1979 pp.488-489, 1979-1980 pp.491-493, 1980-1981 pp.491-493, 1981-1982 pp.496-498, 1983-1984 pp.503-505, 1984-1985 pp.502-504, 1985-1986 pp.504-506, 1986-1987 pp.508-510, 1987-1988 pp.513-516, 1988-1989 pp.515-518, 1989-1990 pp.519-522, 1990-1991 pp.518-521, 1991-1992 pp.518-521, 1992-1993 pp.590-593, 1993-1994 pp.596-599, 1994-1995 pp.588-591, 1995-1996 pp.585-589, 1996-1997 pp.524-528, 1997-1998 pp.533-537, 1998-1999 pp.578-582, 2000 pp.668-672, 2001 pp.646-650, 2002 pp.672-676, 2003 pp.675-679, 2004 pp.676-680, 2005 pp.678-682, 2006 pp.672-676 [G]
(New) International Yearbook Article French Congo and Gaboon, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.335-336, 1899 pp.348-349, French Congo, p.368 [G]
Americana Annual Article : Gabon, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.293-294, 1962 pp.293-294, 1963 pp.269-270, 1964 p.266, 1965 p.289, 1967 p.296, 1968 p.288, 1969 p.307, 1970 p.308, 1971 p.307, 1972 p.300, 1973 p.309 [G]
Entry : Gabon, pp.482-485 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]

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