1918-1945 Independence, since 1981







Belize, 1945-1981



The People's United Party (PUP) was founded in 1950, the National Independence Party (NIP) in 1958, the United Democratic Party (UDP) in 1973.
The 1954 constitution introduced UNIVERSAL ADULT SUFFRAGE and an elected majority within the Legislative Assembly. A rudimentary cabinet consisting of local ministers was introduced in 1955, the authority of which was limited by that of the governor. Full SELF-GOVERNMENT was introduced in the constitution of 1964. GEORGE PRICE was appointed the first prime minister.
In 1961, Hurricane Hattie devastated Belize city; in 1970, the capital was moved from Belize city to BELMOPAN. In 1973 the country was renamed, from BRITISH HONDURAS into BELIZE. Independence was achieved on September 21st 1981.

In the late 1960es and 1970es, most colonies having been granted independence between 1947 and 1964, British colonial rule over British Honduras came under strong international criticism. Guatemala again raised her claim; in 1972 and again in 1975 Britain stationed troops in the colony. The UN passed a number of resolutions on the termination of colonial rule in Belize; from 1977 onward, the concept of an independent Belize found growing international support.
With both EL SALVADOR and Guatemala going through civil wars, Belize experienced the influx of refugees from these countries.

In 1978, capital Belmopan had 4000 inhabitants, Belize City 49,749 (both 1978). Main export products were sugar, lumber, citrus fruits.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Article from Infoplease : Belize
British Honduras 1948, from Britain's Small Wars
CASCON Case BEL : Belize-Guatemala 1948-1991, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
DOCUMENTS Flag of British Honduras (1870) from FOTW
REFERENCE Tom Barry, Central America Inside Out, Grove Press 1991; see Belize Chronology, pp.49-51
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1946 pp. 149-150 (on events of 1945) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1947 pp. 152-153 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1948 pp. 141-142 (on events of 1947) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1949 pp. 125 (on events of 1948) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1950, pp. 129-130 (on events of 1949) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1951, p. 125 (on events of 1950) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1952, pp. 123-124 (on events of 1951) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1953, p. 124 (on events of 1952) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1954, pp. 124-125 (on events of 1953) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1955, p. 183 (on events of 1954) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1956, pp. 122-123 (on events of 1955) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1957, p. 183 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1958, p. 121 (on events of 1957) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1959, p. 122 (on events of 1958) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1960, pp. 122-123 (on events of 1959) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1961, pp. 121-122 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1962, pp. 108-109 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1963, p. 224 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article Commonwealth of Nations, from Britannica Book of the Year 1964, pp. 268-269 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article Commonwealth of Nations, from Britannica Book of the Year 1965, pp. 257-258; 252 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article Colonies and Dependent States : British Honduras, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1966 p.203 (on events of 1965) [G]
Article Colonies and Dependent States : British Honduras, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1967 p.218 (on events of 1966) [G]
Article Colonies and Dependent States : British Honduras, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1968 p.216 (on events of 1967) [G]
Article Dependent States : British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1969, pp. 273, 276-277 (on events of 1968) [G]
Article Dependent States : British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1970, p. 277 (on events of 1969) [G]
Article Dependent States : British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1971, pp. 266-267 (on events of 1970) [G]
Article Dependent States : British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1972, pp. 238-239, 243 (on events of 1971) [G]
Article Dependent States : British Honduras, from Britannica Book of the Year 1973, pp. 229-230, 234 (on events of 1972) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1974, pp. 246-247, 251 (on events of 1973) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1975, pp. 230-231 (on events of 1974) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1976, pp. 247-248, 251-252 (on events of 1975) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1977, pp. 246-248, 251 (on events of 1976) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1978, p. 304 (on events of 1977) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1979, p. 305 (on events of 1978) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1980, pp. 300-301, 303, 305 (on events of 1979) [G]
Article Dependent States : Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1981, pp. 301, 303, 305-306 (on events of 1980) [G]
Article Belize, from Britannica Book of the Year 1982, p. 218 (on events of 1981) [G]
Article : Belize, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.112 [G]
Article : Belize, in : The World in Figures 2nd ed. 1978 pp.112 [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.136-138 (data of 1969-1970) [G]
Article : Belize, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.226-227 (data of 1974-1975) [G]
Article : Belize, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1978-1979 pp.206-208 (data of 1977-1978) [G]
Article : Belize, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.205-207 (data of 1979-1980) [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Americana Annual 1947 p.101 (on events of 1946) [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Americana Annual 1957 p.105 (on events of 1956) [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Americana Annual 1961 pp.96-97 (on events of 1960) [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Americana Annual 1962 p.95 (on events of 1961) [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Americana Annual 1963 p.103 (on events of 1962) [G]
Article : British Honduras, in : Americana Annual 1964 p.103 (on events of 1963) [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Nations, in : Americana Annual 1965 pp.183-185 (on events of 1964) [G]
Article : Central America : Belize, in : Americana Annual 1976 p.162 (on events of 1975) [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on October 9th 2006

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