1821-1867 1911-1945

Mexico 1867-1911

The war against the French interventionist force 1862-1867 was as much a Mexican Civil War as a war to preserve Mexican independence against a foreign force, for the French had come at the request of Mexico's conservatives. By 1867, the Conservative Party was utterly discredited. The liberals under BENITO JUAREZ had carried the victory and held on to power over the next decades. Among Juarez' successors, two-time president PORFIRIO DIAZ stood out. After his second election in 1884, Diaz circumvented the constitution and prolonged his stay in office, disappointing true liberals and true republicans.
The period from 1880 to 1907 saw an economic boom. Mexico's mining industry expanded (silver, copper); oil was found. A domestic textile industry emerged; the country's cotton production increased, so that cotton had not to be imported any more. Mexico's railroad network was greatly expanded.
Most of the land remained property of a few; the wage level was low and poor harvests, such as in 1891-1892 could quicly lead to critical situations. Widespread dissatisfaction in Mexico's countryside finally lead to the rebellion of 1910. In 1910, Mexico had a population of 13,604,000.

Statistics of Mexican Democide : Estimates, Calculations, and Sources, from Statistics of Democide by R.J. Rummel
DOCUMENTS Convention between the United States and Mexico Equitable Distribution of the Waters of the Rio Grande, 1906, from International Boundary and Water Commission, US-Mexico
On a Japanese Colony in Mexico, in "The Great Round World and What is Going on in it" Vol.1 No.29, May 1897, posted by Gutenberg Library Online
REFERENCE A Concise History of Mexico, by Brian Hamnett, 1999, 336 pp., Cambridge Concise Histories
Evelyn Hu-Dehart, The Chinese of Peru, Cuba and Mexico, pp.220-222 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
Article : Mexico, in : Statesman's Year Book 1878 pp.549-555, 1895 pp.737-747, 1898 pp.737-748, 1901 pp.833-844, 1905 pp.903-915 [G]
Article : Mexico, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.509-515 [G]
Article : Mexico, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1886 pp.553-557, 1894 pp.482-483 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2001, last revised on October 18th 2007

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