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First posted on June 16th 2002, last revised on January 7th 2009







Panama 1945-1970
Panama 1918-1945
Panama 1903-1918

Panama 1821-1903 . Colombia
Panama 1550-1821 . New Granada . Peru
Panama 1509-1550







WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Panama, from Wikipedia
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Panama
Links, General from LANIC; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from Sources and General Resources on Latin America
Category : Panama, from Wikipedia
Links, on History from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Panama, from Wikipedia
Historical Text Archive : Panama
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News
Accounts of History from Wikipedia
Historic Panama, by Bruce C. Ruiz
History of Panama, from World Rover
Encyclopedia Entries Articles Republic and Diocese of Panama, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Articles Panama, Panama, Panama, Colon, Panama, Darien, from EB 1911
Articles Panama, Darien, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Entries Bayano, Kunas, New Caledonia, from Footnotes to History, by James L. Erwin
Central America, from New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge
Politics Politics of Panama, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Panama
Governments on the WWW : Panama
Category : Elections in Panama, from Wikipedia;
Military Wars of Panama, from Armed Conflict Events Data
Category : Military History of Panama, from Wikipedia
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Panama, from ODM
Economy & Finances Entry Panama, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
Article Economy of Panama, Category : Economy of Panama, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Panama 2004
Company Histories : Panamerican Beverages Inc., Willbros Group, from Funding Universe
Enterprise Panama, from Economy Point
Ethnography Languages of Panama (14), from Ethnologue
Category Languages of Panama, from Wikipedia
Panama : Blacks, Chinese, Indigenous People, from Minorities at Risk
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Panama
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Panama, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Panama, from Wikipedia
Patron Saint Index : Panama
History of Regions Article Provinces and Regions of Panama, from Wikipedia
Category : Subdivisions of Panama, from Wikipedia
Provinces of Panama, from www.statoids.com
Districts of Panama, from www.statoids.com
History of Cities List of Cities in Panama, from Wikipedia
Colon, Panama : History, Panama City : History, Portobelo, from Wikipedia
Institutions Panama, from Airline History
The Tramways of Panama City, by Allen Morrison; scroll down for Panama
Structurae : Panama
Search Lighthouse Explorer for Panama
Biographies List of Panamanians, from Wikipedia
Search NNDB for Panama
Bibliography Panama, from The Online Books Page
Library of Congress HLAS Online Handbook of Latin American Studies (Bibliography)
RHS Bibliography, search for Panama
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keyword Panama (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Latin American Books
Online Bibliography on Latin American Environmental History
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Panama
Panama, from Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Disaster History : Panama, from Relief Web
Articles Panama at the Olympics, Sport in Panama, Football in Panama, from Wikipedia
Panama, from Crime and Society. a Comparative Criminology Tour of the World by R. Winslow
Neotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
World Casino Directory : Panama
Ignacio Gallup-Diaz, The Door of the Seas and Key to the Universe. Indian Politics and the Imperial Rivalry in the Darien, 1640-1750, diss. Columbia UP n.d.

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon ; from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors Embajadores de Mexico en Panama, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censo, Panama
Population Figures from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
Historical Abortion Statistics : Panama, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results from Panama (since 1999); from IFES Election Guide
Hemerotheques
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Panama, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
Films on History/Society Most Popular Documentaries with Country of Origin : Panama, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Panama Canal : Historical Pictures
Panama Canal Museum, Photos
Somos Panama, Galeria de Fotos, Sitios Historicos
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Panama
Search Scripophily for Panama
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Panama, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Aerovias Panama, Air Panama Internacional, Chitreana de Aviacion, Copa, Isthmian Airways, PAISA, VIP Panama Aeronautica, Panama Airways,
Document Collections Constitution of 1972/1982/1994, from Base de Datos Politicos de las Americas at Georgetown; in Spanish
World History Archives : The History of Panama, recent newspaper articles
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Panama (74), from ILO, 74 docs. since 1919
Panama Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Environmental Treaties : Panama, from Pop Planet
Truth Commissions : Panama, from United States Institute of Peace
Search Hansard for Panama, Darien
Panama, pp.653-884 in vol.10 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1972, GB
Historical Maps Responsible Authority Instituto Geografico Nacional, Panama
Canal de Panama, Servicios de Topografia y Cartografia
collections Mapas e Foto Satellite de Panama, posted by Zonu
Panama Maps, PCL, UTexas
Panama Maps : Panama Historical Maps
Category : Old Maps of Panama, Maps of the History of Panama, from Wikimedia Commons
The Panama Railroad : Maps
Mapa Mundi, Mapas Historicos de Panama
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Central America, Panama
Category : Old Maps of Central America, Maps of the History of Central America, from Wikimedia Commons
Historical Map Archive : Historical Maps of Central America
PRINT : Carolyn Hall, Hector Perez Brignoli, Historical Atlas of Central America, Norman : University of Oklahoma Press 2003 [G]
Central America, Modern Map : Mesoamerican Languages, from Titus
Central America, Contemporary Map of Central America 1892, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas
Panama, Modern
Panama, Contemporary
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary Mapa Mundi, Mapa del Canal de Panama, 1923, OWJE
Encyclopedia Articles Ethnological Central America pp.156-186, in vol.11 of L.H. Gray, The Mythology of all Races, 1920, GB
The Chiriqui Potters and Veragua Goldsmiths pp.280-281 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Panama p.442 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1867 (vol.19) : Panama, p.422, GB
Archives, Musea, Libraries Libraries in Panama, from LibDex
Panama, from Repositories of Primary Sources : Latin America (UIdaho)
National Symbols FOTW : Panama; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Panama Banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money; Panama banknotes, from World Currency Museum
Collections of Coins : Panama, bilingual Russian-English page; Panama Coins, from World Coin Gallery; Search Coin Archives for Panama; Panama, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Stamps Rare Panama Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, Stamps Panama (1887) 1904-1915, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Panama survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.101-105 in B.C. and A.K. Hedrick, Historical Dictionary of Panama, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1970 [G]
Bibliography, from Library of Congress Country Studies : Panama
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies U.S. Embassy, Panama Specialized Bibliographies U.S. - Panama Relations
A. Metz, Manuel Noriega and the "Panama Crisis" : An annotated bibliography
serial publications
general bibliographies
Panama entries
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
Biblioteca Digital Hispanica; Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
International Boundary Studies
TDX (Theses from Spanish Universities Online; almost exclusively in Spanish); search for Panama
on Panama Digital Library of the Caribbean
Historiography Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - Writing on the precolonial and colonial periods from the sixteenth century to the present day, by G.L. Vasquez, pp.534-542, Article : Latin American Historiography (excluding Mexico and Brazil) - The National Period, 1820-1990, pp.542-545 in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
On Latin America Thomas A. Skidmore, Peter H. Smith, Modern Latin America, NY : Oxford UP 5th edition 2001, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 S628m
E. Bradford Burns, Latin America, A Concise Interpretive History, Eaglewood NJ : Prentice Hall 6th edition (1972) 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 980 B967l
On Central America Thomas L. Pearcy, The History of Central America, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 972.8 P359h
General Histories F. Bishop, Panama Past and Present (1916), posted on Internet Archive
B. Seemann, History of the isthmus of Panama (1867), posted on Internet Archive
A. Bullard, Panama, the canal, the country and the people (1914), posted on Internet Archive
Compendio de historia de Panama ; texto adoptado oficialmente para la ense?anza en las escuelas y colegios de la nacion, 1911, in Spanish, posted on Internet Archive
Economic, Social History F.N. Otis, Isthmus of Panama : history of the Panama railroad; and of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company. Together with a travellers' guide and business man's hand-book for the Panama Railroad and the lines of steamships connecting it with Europe, the United States, the north and south Atlantic and Pacific coasts, China, Australia, and Japan (1867), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Periods Clifford Krauss, Inside Central America, Its People, Politics and Culture, NY : Summit 1991; on Panama pp.244-298 [G]
Th.Cl. Dawson, The South American republics (1903) vol.2 (has Panama section pp.475-491), posted on Internet Archive
M. Storey, The Recognition of Panama (1904), posted on Internet Archive
J.S. Mills, The Panama canal; a history and description of the enterprise (1913), posted on Internet Archive
I.E. Bennett, History Of The Panama Canal Its Construction And Builders (1915), posted on Internet Archive
F.A. Gause, The story of Panama: the new route to India (1912), posted on Internet Archive
Ch.L.Gr. Anderson, Old Panama and Castilla Del Oro: A Narrative History of the Discovery, Conquest and Settlement .. (1911), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Dictionaries Basil C. and Anne K. Hedrick, Historical Dictionary of Panama, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1970, 105 pp. [G]
Yearbook Entries Article Panama, from Britannica Book of the Year 1972, pp.538-539, 1973, pp.526-527, 1974, p.533 , 1975, pp.542-543, 1976, pp.548-549, 1977, pp.549-550, 1978, pp.575-576, 1979, pp.566-567, 1980, pp.564-565, 1981, p.566, 1982, p.568, 1983, p.561, 1984, p.560, 1985, pp.579-580, 756, 1986, pp.584-585, 755, 1988, pp.506, 675, 1989, pp.507-508, 675, 1990, pp.522-523, 691 [G]
Article : Panama, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1975-1976 pp.1216-1220, 1978-1979 pp.953-956, 1980-1981 pp.961-964, 1983-1984 pp.957-963, 1984-1985 pp.958-963, 1985-1986 pp.958-963, 1987-1988 pp.964-969, 1988-1989 pp.966-971, 1989-1990 pp.978-983, 1990-1991 pp.980-985, 1991-1992 pp.980-985, 1992-1993 pp.1067-1072, 1993-1994 pp.1065-1070, 1994-1995 pp.1064-1069, 1995-1996 pp.1058-1062, 1996-1997 pp.1012-1016, 1997-1998 pp.1019-1023, 1998-1999 pp.1099-1103, 2000 pp.1245-1250, 2001 pp.1215-1219, 2002 pp.1263-1268, 2003 pp.1263-1268, 2004 pp.1269-1274, 2005 pp.1279-1284
Article : Panama, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.139-140, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.139-140, 4th ed. 1984 pp.139-140 [G]
Entry : Background Notes : Panama pp.274-281, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Panama, Cabinet p.79, Background Notes : Panama, pp.1014-1018, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Panama, in : Americana Annual 1971 pp.525-526, 1972 pp.526-527, 1973 pp.529-530, 1974 pp.462-463, 1976 pp.445 [G]
Article : Central America - Panama, in : Americana Annual 1989 pp.170-178, 1990 pp.167-174, 1992 pp.178-184 [G]
Entry : Panama, pp.802-807 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]