History of Kazakhstan Kirghiz ASSR
1920-1925






Alash Orda, 1917-1920


In April 1917, the first Pan-Kirgiz Congress was held at Orenburg. During the Russian Civil War, a Kazakh provisional government was formed by the Alash Orda Party, headed by Alikhan Bokeikhanov. It was supported by the Semirechye Cossack Host and supported the Whites in the Russian Civil War.
Following the Bolzhevik victory in 1920, Kazakh/Kirgiz resistance against the Red Army was given up; the Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was established, comprising of modern Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan (the southern borders being somewhat different from the modern borders). The capital was Orenburg. The Semirechye Cossack Host, at home in the region of Alma ta and adjacent Kyrgyzstan was disbanded in 1920.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Timetable History of Kazakhstan, from BBC News
Major Events Relevant to Central Asian History since 1600, timeline from oxuscom
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Kazakhstan
Article Orenburg, History, Semirechye Cossacks, Alash Orda, Alikhan Bokeikhanov, Almaty, History, Zhetysu (Semirechye Oblast), from Wikipedia
Tomohiko Uyama, The Geography of Civilizations, A Spatial Analysis of the Kazakh Intelligentsia's Activities, from the Mid Nineteenth to the Early Twentieth Century
DOCUMENTS Coat of Arms of Semirechye Oblast, from Vector Images,
REFERENCE Article Turkestan, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition; from EB 1911
Article Akmolinsk, Balkash, Semipalatinsk (capital), Semipalatinsk (province), Semiryechensk (province), Syr-Daryinsk (province), Orenburg (city), Orenburg (Government), Turgai, from EB 1911
Article Turkistan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1889, in German



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 3rd 2002, last revied on October 13th 2007

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