1955-1970 History of Baluchistan 1977-1988

Pakistani Baluchistan 1970-1977

In 1970, the province of West Pakistan was dissolved into Sindh, Balochistan (previous spelling Baluchistan), Punjab, NWFP, the NWF Tribal Areas, Pakistani Kashmir and Baltistan. In Balochistan, a provincial administration with seat in Quetta was established. The secesion of Bangladesh in 1971 inspired Baluchi politicians to seek a higher degree of political autonomy. In 1972, elections based on universal franchise were held. The province's first chief ministers (1972-1974) were from the National Awami Party (NAP).
The central government, dominated by the Sindh-centered PPP in 1973 and again at the end of 1974 dismissed the Balochistan administration. In 1973, armed resistance reemerged in parts of Balochistan, and escalated. The Balochi resistance, outnumbered and out-equipped, had to resort to guerilla tactics; in skirmishes, the resistance suffered considerably higher numbers of fatalities. Temporarily, Iran aided Pakistan in her efforts to suppress the rebellion by closing the border to Pakistani Balochistan.
In 1976, civilian administration briefly was restored, and Balochistan was represented by a chief minister from the PPP, only to again be succeeded by a period of governor's rule.

Carina Jahani, State Control and its Impact on Balochistan
History of Quetta, Baloch Insurgency and Rahimuddin's Stabilization, History of Balochistan, from Wikipedia
Battleground Baluchistan : 1973-1977 - Bhutto talks tough, from Hindustan Times
Balochis of Pakistan : On the Margin of History, from Foreign Policy Centre (British); online book
REFERENCE Christophe Jaffrelot (ed.), A History of Pakistan and its Origins, translated from the French, London : Anthem Press (2002) 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 954.91 J23h

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 2nd 2007

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