1964-1985 History of Kazakhstan since 1991

Kazakhstan 1985-1991

Administration In December 1986 Mikhail Gorbachev replaced Dinmukhammad Kunayev as First Secretary by Gennadi Kolbin. Kunayev opposed the move and organized the Alma Ata Riots. In 1989 Nursultan Nazarbayev became First Secretary of the Kazakh Communist Party.

Economy . Nuclear bomb test explosions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site were discontinued in 1989.

Demography . The population estimate for 1985 is 15,739 million, that of 1991 16.793 million.

Cultural History . Kazakh was declared national language, a nominal decision as Russian still dominated life in the country's north and in urban centers such as Almaty.
The Kazakhstan National Olympic Committee was established in 1990 and recognized by the IOC in 1993.

Timetable History of Kazakhstan, from BBC News
Major Events Relevant to Central Asian History since 1600, timeline from oxuscom
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Kazakhstan
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Kazakhstan by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics : Kazakhstan, from Population Statistics
What Really Happened in Alma Ata, from Time March 2nd 1987
REFERENCE Chapter XXII : Antique Worlds of Central Asia, pp.450-474 in : John Gunther, Inside Russia Today, NY : Harper & Bros. (1957) 1958 [G]
Adventures in Central Asia, pp.220-251 in John Gunther, Meet Soviet Russia, NY : Harper & Bros. 1962 [G]
Zev Katz, Kazakhstan and the Kazakhs, pp.213-237 in : Zev Katz et al. (ed.), Handbook of Major Soviet Nationalities, NY : The Free Press 1975 [G]
Article : Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : Kazakhstan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1985-1986 pp.1266-1268, 1986-1987 pp.1265-1267, 1987-1988 pp.1269-1271, 1988-1989 pp.1273-1275, 1989-1990 pp.1279-1281, 1990-1991 pp.1282-1284, 1991-1992 pp.1282-1284 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 3rd 2002, last revised on October 13th 2007

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