1873-1917 History of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1925-1945


During the Russian Revolution a number of competing organizations emerged - a Tashkent Committee of the Provisional Government and a Tashkent Soviet, both with a pro-Menzhevik tendency, a Bolzhevik Council of People's Commissars (also in Tashkent), and a MUSLIM PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF AUTONOMOUS TURKESTAN (in Kokand, Sept. 1917). Hostilities between the Soviet and the Muslim Provisional Government broke out in January 1918; by February their capital Kokand was taken by the Red Army. Muslim resistance, however, continued in form of the BASMACHI REBELLION, which, in the mountains of Fergana and Tajikistan, was to continue until 1933.
In February 1920, Soviet troops occupied Khiva, terminated the monarchy. The PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KHOREZM was founded, an event in which the Young Khivans were prominently involved. The Young Khivan government was deposed in March 1921 by the Soviets.
In 1923 a CENTRAL ASIAN ECONOMIC COUNCIL consisting of the ASSR Turkestan and the People's Republics of Bukhara and Khorezm was established. In Oct. 1923 the People's Republic of Khorezm was transformed into a Khorezmian SSR, thus formally joining the USSR. In 1925, Bukhara, Khorezm and Turkestan were merged to form the UZBEK SSR.

Major Events relevant to Central Asian History (since 1600), from oxuscom
Khanate of Khiva 1511-1920, by Viacheslav Pankratov
DOCUMENTS Flag of Khiva within the USSR, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from Wappenlexikon, in German
Khiva 1922 Coin, from Russian Old Coins
REFERENCE Article : Russia : Khiva, in : Statesman's Year Book 1918 pp.1239-1244, 1919 pp.1214-1215 [G]
Article : USSR : Khiva, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1924 pp.1257-1258, 1925 p.1265, 1926 p.1229 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 31st 2002, last revised on September 14th 2008

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