History of Kyrgyzstan 1936-1945

Kirghiz ASSR, 1917-1926

In April 1917, the first Pan-Kirgiz Congress was held at Orenburg. During the Russian Civil War, a Kazakh government was formed by the Alash Orda organization. In 1920, Kazakh/Kirgiz resistance against the Red Army was given up; the Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was established, comprising of modern Kazakstan and Kyrgyztan (the southern borders being somewhat different from the modern borders). The capital was Orenburg; in 1924 the capital was moved to Kzyl-Orda.
The Semirechye Cossack Host, at home in the region of Alma ta and adjacent Kyrgyzstan, having sided with the Whites during the Civil War, was disbanded in 1920.
When the USSR was founded in December 1922, the Kirghiz ASSR, as a part of the RSFSR, became member. In 1925 the Kirghiz ASSR was renamed Kazakh ASSR; in 1926 a separate Kirghiz ASSR was established. In 1926 former capital Orenburg was annexed into Russia; the capital was moved to Alma Ata (Almaty).

Timetable History of Kazakhstan, from BBC News
Major Events Relevant to Central Asian History since 1600, timeline from oxuscom
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Kazakhstan
Article Orenburg, History, Semirechye Cossacks, Alash Orda, Alikhan Bokeikhanov, Almaty, History, from Wikipedia
Tomohiko Uyama, The Geography of Civilizations, A Spatial Analysis of the Kazakh Intelligentsia's Activities, from the Mid Nineteenth to the Early Twentieth Century
REFERENCE Article Turkestan, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition; from EB 1911
Article Akmolinsk, Balkash, Semipalatinsk (capital), Semipalatinsk (province), Semiryechensk (province), Syr-Daryinsk (province), Orenburg (city), Orenburg (Government), Turgai, from EB 1911
Article Turkistan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1889, in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 3rd 2002, last revied on October 13th 2007

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