Alash Orda
History of Kyrgyzstan

Kirghiz ASSR, 1920-1926

In 1920, the Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic was established, comprising of modern Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan (the southern borders being somewhat different from the modern borders). The capital was Orenburg (Russia); in 1924 the capital was moved to Kzyl-Orda. By contrast to Alash Orda, which administrated the area in 1917-1920, the administrative personnel of the Kirghiz ASSR was largely composed of ethnic Russians.
When the USSR was founded in December 1922, the Kirghiz ASSR, as a part of the RSFSR, became member. In October 1924 most of Semirechenye and Syr Daryisk Oblasts were annexed into the Kirghiz ASSR. In 1925 the Kirghiz ASSR was renamed Kazakh ASSR.
In 1926 a separate Kirghiz ASSR was established, the capital of the Kazakh ASSR was moved from Kzyl Orda to Alma Ata (Almaty, the former Verniy). Former capital Orenburg and environs were ceded to Russia.

For the history since 1926, see Kazakhstan 1926-1945, Kyrgyzstan 1926-1945

Timetable History of Kazakhstan, from BBC News
Major Events Relevant to Central Asian History since 1600, timeline from oxuscom
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Kazakhstan
Article Orenburg, History, Almaty, History, Zhetysu (Semirechye Oblast), from Wikipedia
Regions of Kazakhstan, from
DOCUMENTS Coat of Arms of Semirechye Oblast, from Vector Images,
REFERENCE Article Turkestan, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition; from EB 1911
Article Akmolinsk, Balkash, Semipalatinsk (capital), Semipalatinsk (province), Semiryechensk (province), Syr-Daryinsk (province), Orenburg (city), Orenburg (Government), Turgai, from EB 1911
Article Turkistan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1889, in German

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 3rd 2002, last revied on October 13th 2007

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