1945-1991 History of Tajikistan

Tajikistan since 1991

In 1991 Tajikistan declared independence; the USSR disintegrated by the end of the year. Tajikistan (President RAHMON NABIYEV) joined the CIS. The country broke up in rival camps and entered a phase of CIVIL WAR (1992) which caused c. 20,000 casualties and c. 600,000 refugees, in a total population of just over 5 million. In 1993 the government restricted the freedom of the press and banned opposition parties, the communist party remained the only legal one. Peacekeeping forces from other CIS nations were stationed along the border to Afghanistan. In 1997 a peace accord was signed between the communist government and the Islamist opposition. In 2000 a new currency, the TOMONI, was introduced. The assassination of the minister of culture, Abdurakhim Rakhimov, in 2001 indicates that political violence is still going on.
Tajikistan has strong traditional ties with neighbouring Afghanistan, as Muslim Tajiks live on both sides of the border; the wars in Afghanistan (since 1979) thus were of great importance to Tajikistan.

The National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Tajikistan was established in 1992 and recognized by the IOC in 1993.

Article Tajikistan, National Olympic Committee, from Wikipedia
Article Tajikistan, from
Political Resources on the Net : Tajikistan
Timeline History of Tajikistan, frpm BBC News
DOCUMENTS Estimates of Death Toll in Tajikistan Civil War, 1992-1996, posted by Matthew White, scroll down for Tajikistan
REFERENCE Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Tajikistan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.429-431, 1993-1994 pp.434-436, 1994-1995 pp.428-431, 1995-1996 pp.420-423 [G]
Article : Tajikistan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1232-1235, 1997-1998 pp.1231-1233, 1998-1999 pp.1344-1346, 2000 pp.1509-1512, 2001 pp.1477-1480, 2002 pp.1532-1535, 2003 pp.1531-1535, 2004 pp.1550-1554, 2005 pp.1560-1564, 2006 pp.1569-1573 [G]
Entry : Republic of Tajikistan, Cabinet, pp.97-98, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Tajikistan, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.408-409, 726, 1994 pp.409, 726, 1995 pp.481, 726, 1996 pp.477-478, 726, 1997 pp.479, 482, 724, 2002 pp.500, 738 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 1st 2002, last revised on April 19th 2007

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