1914-1929 History of Touva 1944-1991

Touva 1929-1944

By 1928 Stalin had established himself as the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union. In Touva, a mere Soviet satellite, his harsh rule was immediately felt. In 1929 the country's shamans and Buddhist monks were arrested and executed. In 1944 Tannu Tuva was annexed into the Soviet Union.
In 1936, the Republic's population was given as 70,000, that of its capital Kyzyl-Khoto as 10,000. Main products were animal hair, skins, wool, the main animals herded cattle and sheep, gold and asbestos mining worthy to mention.

Land of the Shamans, by Erik Flesch
DOCUMENTS Scan of 1940 Touva banknote, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
REFERENCE Violet Conolly, Soviet Economic Policy in the East, London : Oxford UP 1933; pp.91-115 on Tana Tuva [G]
Hübner's Weltstatistik, 73rd edition, edited by Ernst Rösner, Wien 1939
Article : China - Mongolia - Tannu Tuva, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1937 pp.790-791 (data of 1935-1936) [G]
Article : Tannu Tuva, in : Americana Annual 1943 p.694 (on events of 1942) [G]
Article : Tannu Tuva, in : Americana Annual 1944 p.670 (on events of 1943) [G]
Article : Tannu Tuva, in : Americana Annual 1945 p.685 (on events of 1944) [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 13th 2002; last revised on August 21st 2007

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