Turkmenistan since 1991

Ever since Turkmenistan became independent, SAPARMURAT NIZAYOV occupies the presidency. The RED ARMY is still stationed on Turkmen soil; Turkmenistan joined the CIS and the UNITED NATIONS. The country pursued a policy of cautious economic opening; her reserves of NATURAL GAS are being developed; a pipeline leading into Iran was opened in 1998. In 1993 a new currency, the MANAT, was introduced. The capital is now spelled ASHGABAD.

The National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Turkmenistan was established in 1990 and recognized by the IOC in 1993.

Article National Olympic Committee, from Wikipedia
Timeline of Turkmenistan History, from BBC News
REFERENCE Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Turkmenistan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1992-1993 pp.431-433, 1993-1994 pp.436-439, 1994-1995 pp.431-433, 1995-1996 pp.423-426 [G]
Article : Turkmenistan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.1272-1275, 1997-1998 pp.1269-1271, 1998-1999 pp.1385-1388, 2000 pp.1555-1558, 2001 pp.1523-1526, 2002 pp.1579-1583, 2003 pp.1580-1583, 2004 pp.1598-1602, 2005 pp.1609-1613, 2006 pp.1616-1620 [G]
Entry : Turkmenistan, Cabinet, p.102; in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article Turkmenistan, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.409-410, 734, 1994 pp.409-410, 734, 1995 pp.485, 734, 1996 pp.482, 734, 1997 pp.485, 732, 2002 pp.505, 746 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 29th 2002, last revised on April 5th 2007

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