1925-1945 History of Uzbekistan since 1991





Uzbekistan 1945-1991



After the Sovuet victory in World War II, Russia's industrial centers in the areas affected by the German invasion resumed production, and the wartime industries found in Central Asia relatively lost in importance for the Russian economy. In the 1960s, stretches of desert were transferred, via an ambitious irrgigation project, into cotton fields (the White Gold of Asia).
The Soviet invasion of AFGHANISTAN and the subsequent civil war in that country affected Uzbekistan as it not only shares a common border with Afghanistan, but also because Uzbeks live on both sides of the border.
In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev introduced his policy of Glasnost and Perestroyka. The authorities in Uzbekistan soon enjoyed a wider degree of political autonomy. In 1989 pogroms occurred in the Fergana valley, directed against MESHKETIAN TURKS which, originating from GEORGIA, had forcefully been resettled there by Stalin in 1944. Also in 1989, anti-Russian riots occurred in Tashkent.
In 1990 ISLAM KARIMOV was elected president of Uzbekistan. During the communist coup against Gorbachev in summer 1991, he supported the coupists. Later in 1991, Uzbekistan declared independence; at the end of 1991,






EXTERNAL
FILES
Timeline History of Uzbekistan, frpm BBC News
Major Events relevant to Central Asian History (since 1600), from oxuscom
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE Chapter XXII : Antique Worlds of Central Asia, pp.450-474 in : John Gunther, Inside Russia Today, NY : Harper & Bros. (1957) 1958 [G]
Adventures in Central Asia, pp.220-251 in John Gunther, Meet Soviet Russia, NY : Harper & Bros. 1962 [G]
Donald S. Carlisle, Uzbekistan and the Uzbeks, pp.283-314 in : Zev Katz et al. (ed.), Handbook of Major Soviet Nationalities, NY : The Free Press 1975 [G]
Article : Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : Uzbekistan, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1440-1442, 1975-1976 pp.1444-1446, 1976-1977 pp.1442-1445, 1978-1979 pp.1262-1265, 1979-1980 pp.1271-1274, 1980-1981 pp.1267-1270, 1981-1982 pp.1275-1277, 1983-1984 pp.1271-1274, 1984-1985 pp.1269-1271, 1985-1986 pp.1270-1272, 1986-1987 pp.1269-1271, 1987-1988 pp.1272-1275, 1988-1989 pp.1276-1279, 1989-1990 pp.1282-1285, 1990-1991 pp.1285-1288, 1991-1992 pp.1285-1288 [G]



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 31st 2002, last revised on April 4th 2007

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