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Ottoman Empire
First posted on June 22nd 2010






The Ak Koyunlu (White Sheep Turks) were a Turkoman tribe of pastoral nomadic warriors, first recorded as being in Eastern Anatolia in 1340. Subject to Tamerlane's short-lived Timurid Empire. Tamerlane granted the Ak Koyunlu the land around Diyarbakr. Following the deathg of Tamerlane in 1405, the process of the dissolution of the Timurid Empire began, and the Ak Koyunlu became a polity of their own, long outshadowed by their neighbours, the Kara Koyunlu (or Black Sheep Turks). In 1467 the Ak Koyunlu defeated and conquered the Kara Koyunlu, and established an Empire which included Eastern Anatolia, Iraq, Armenia, Azerbaijan and most of modern Iran except for parts of Khorasan.
In the early 16th century they were challenged by the Safavid Order; in 1508 the Ak Koyunlu Dynasty was terminated, succeeded by the Safavid Dynasty.

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DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article : Ak Koyunlu from Wikipedia
Historical
Links General
on History
Organizations Iran Heritage Foundation
Foundation for Iranian Studies
British Institute of Persian Studies
Institute of Iranian Studies, Univ. of St. Andrews; Centre for Iranian Studies, Durham Univ.
International Society for Iranian Studies (ISIS)
Historical Dictionary Encyclopaedia Iranica
Kurdistanica, Digital Encyclopedia of Kurdistan
Timelines
Accounts of History modern Article : Ak Koyunlu from Wikipedia
historical
Specific Periods Ilhan Erdem, The Aq-Qoyunlu State from the Death of Osman Bey (1435-1456)
Administration
Foreign Relations Ilham Erdem, Relations between Akkoyunlu and Karamanogullari
Military
Economy & Finances
Ethnography, Social History
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History of Regions Provinces of Iran, Counties of Iran, from www.statoids.com
Iranian Provinces, from Iran Chamber Society
History of Khuzestan, from Wikipedia
M.B. al Hasan B. Isfandiyar, History of Tabaristan; computer may have difficulty displaying characters properly; transcribed into English
Article : Provinces of Iran, from Wikipedia
Category : Provinces of Iran, from Wikipedia
Abu Musa and the Tunbs, from The Persian Gulf
St. John Lovett and Euan Smith, Eastern Persia (Vol I) (1876), posted on Internet Archive
Local History Articlev Cities of Iran, from Wikipedia
History of Tehran, from greatestcities.com, from Wikipedia
History of Isfahan, from Wikipedia; History of Mashhad, from Wikipedia; History of Abadan, from Wikipedia; History of Tabriz, from Wikipedia
History of Kabul, from Wikipedia; from Afghan Info
History of Kandahar, from Wikipedia
History of Herat, from Wikipedia
History of Maymana, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions
Culture & Science Building Style : Aq Qoyunlu, from Archnet
The Art of the Safavids before 1600, from Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
The Persian Calendar, by Holger Oertel
A History of Muslim Philosophy, Ch. LIII : Persian Literature, Ch. LXXVII : Renaissance in Iran, Ch. LXVIII : renaissance in Iran (Cont.)
Biographies
Others Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

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Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
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Historical Maps click WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Iran Page
Atlas of Iran, from Wikimedia Commons
Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
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Institutions Archives National Archives of Iran
Musea Lists, Links Museums in Iran, from Caroun; Category : Museums in Iran, from Wikipedia
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UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Iran), Tentative Lists : Iran
Libraries National Library of Iran
Libraries in Iran, from LibDex
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from Wikipedia
Coins, Banknotes Coins of the Aq Qoyunlu, from Zeno

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Iran Persian Academy; in Farsi; English language version does not work (Sept. 21st 09)
Iran, from The Online Books Page
from IAAB
on specific issues Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South West Asia
Bibliography, from Kurdistanica
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
Online Journals full text online Journal of Iranian Research and Analysis 1997-2004
Iran Analysis Quarterly 2003-2007
Abstracta Iranica (in French) 2002-2006
Goftogu 1992-
Kurdish Life 1991-, cumulative index
International Journal of Kurdish Studies 1988-2002, cumulative index
Etudes Kurdes 2000-
Table of Contents
Online
Iran, Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, ToCs vol.30-
On the Middle East
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries John H. Lorenz, Historical Dictionary of Iran, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 1995, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 955.003 L868h
Yearbooks