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Persia Oman
First posted on March 5th 2009, last revised on June 10th 2010






A Kingdom located at the entrance to the Gulf, which existed from the 10th to the 17th century. Capital Ormuz or Hormuz, located on the island by that name which gave the name to the Straits of Hormuz. Founded by Arabs and engaged in maritime trade between Mesopotamia, Arabia, Iran and India. From 1262 onward under the suzerainty of Persia (the Il-Khanate). Part of the Portuguese Seaborne Empire in Asia 1515-1622. Since 1622 to Iran; the port was moved from Hormuz to the mainland; Hormuz lost its raison d'etre.






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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Current Perspective Article Ormus, from Wikipedia
Article Hormuz (a), Hormuz (b), from Encyclopaedia Iranica
from Historical Perspective
Links
Organizations Western Australian Maritime Museum, Traditional Boats of Oman Project
Timelines Search Google News Archive for Hormuz, click Timeline
Accounts of History Current Perspective Article Ormus, from Wikipedia
Peter Rowland, The City and the Sea - Hormuz (2001)
Historical Perspective
Specific Periods Arnold van Wickeren, Geschiedenis van Portugal en van de Portugezen overzee, Deel 4 chapter 3 subch.4 : De kust van Oman; de aanval op Ormoez (1507-1508), Deel 5 chapter 6 subch.3 : Problemen bij de kolonisatie; betrekkingen met Perzië Deel 5, chapter 6, subch.6 : Bezetting van Ormoez; bondgenootschap met Perzië, Deel 16 chapter 2 subch.3 : De val van Ormoez, in Dutch, posted on Colonial Voyage
Hormuz : Pre-Islamic Period, Islamic Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Military The Portuguese Fort at Hormuz, Iran, from Dutch Portuguese Colonial History by Marco Ramerini
Second Expedition of Piri Pasha to the Eastern Ocean, pp.71-75 in K. Celebi, The history of the maritime wars of the Turks, 1831, GB
A. de Gouveia, Relaçam em que se tratam as guerras e grandes victorias que alcaçou o grade rey da Persia Xá Abbas do grao turco Mahometto [et] seu filho Amethe ..., 1611, in Portuguese, GB; much on Ormuz
Get Iranian History today : 1515 : The Portuguese Occupy Hormoz Island, 1552 : Ottomans attack Hormoz Island, 1622 : Hormoz Island Liberated
Economy & Finances History of Persian Gulf Peal Fishery from 7th Century A.D. to Modern Times, pt.1, pt.2
Ethnography
Religion Hormuz City and Island, from Zoroastrian Heritage
Ormuz, p.339 in M. Müllbauer, Geschichte der katholischen Missionen in Ostindien, 1851, in German, GB
Hormuz, from Jewish Virtual Library
History of Regions Article Qeshm, from Wikipedia
Local History
Structures, Institutions
Culture
Biographies W. van Nieuwenhoff, Gaspar Berse, of, de Nederlansche Franciscus Xaverius: eene bijdrage tot de geschiedenis der Sociëteit Jezus in Indië van 1546-1553 , 1869, in Dutch, GB; much on Ormuz
Others

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Hormuz by Ben Cahoon
Documents Image Databanks Search National Matitime Museum, Online Collection for Hormuz
Search Atlas of Mutual Heritage for Hormuz
Archival Deposits
Document Collections
Historical Maps Hormuz - Braun-Hogenberg 1572, from Historic Cities
History of Persian Gulf Peal Fishery from 7th Century A.D. to Modern Times, pt.2 features 17th century Portuguese map of island of Hormuz
1750 Schley Map of Ormus, from Wikimedia Commons
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Hormux, pp.746-747 in vol.2 of B. d'Herbelot de Molainville, Orientalische Bibliothek oder Universalwörterbuch, 1787, in German, GB
Article Hormuz, from EB 1911
Article Ormus, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892

Religious
Economic
Political Interets du Sophy de Perse sur Ormus, pp.230-233 in H. de Rohan, Intérêts et maximes des principes et des estats souverains, 1666, in French, GB
Geographical Kingdom of Ormuz, pp.32-38 in D. Barbosa, A description of the coasts of East Africa and Malabar: in the beginning of the sixteenth century, 1866, GB
Royaume d'Ormuz, pp.444-454 in P. d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1643, in French, GB
Ethnological Ormuz, p.1270 in W. Vollmer, Vollständiges Wörterbuch der Mythologie aller Nationen, 1836, in German, GB
on History Ormuz, pp.377-379 in vol.5 of L.P. Anquetil, Precis de l'Histoire Universelle ou Tableau historique presentant les vicissitudes des Nations ... , 1799, in French, GB
Commerce des Portugais : Ormuz, pp.2--23 in vol.6 of L.P. Anquetil, Precis de l'Histoire Universelle ou Tableau historique presentant les vicissitudes des Nations ... , 1799, in French, GB
Ormuz, pp.169-170 in S.G. Goodrich, History of Asia and Oceanica, 1850, GB
Le Royaume d'Ormuz, pp.378-380 in L'Univers: histoire et description de tous les peuples : Chaldee, Assyrie, Medie, Babylonie, Mesopotamie, Phoenicie, Palmyrene, 1852, in French, GB
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues Ormuz, p.94 in Narrative of the embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo to the court of Timour at Samarcand, A.D. 1403-6, 1859, GB
The travels of Pedro Teixeira: with his "Kings of Harmuz" and extracts from his "Kings of Persia", 1902, GB
Ormuz, pp.16-52 in J.B. Frasier, Narrative of a journey into Khorasan in the years 1821 and 1822 , 1825, GB
Institutions Archives National Archives of Iran
Musea
Monuments
Libraries
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms
Coins, Banknotes Search Coin Archives for Hormuz
Qalhati Amirs (Kings of Hormuz), from Zeno

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Hormuz General Bibliography for Hormuz, from dataxinfo
J.J. Gotthold, World Bibliographical Series 85 : Indian Ocean, Oxford : Clio 1988 [G]
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
on Hormuz
Online Journals full text online Silk Road Journal
International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1996-2009
Transoxiana
Central Eurasian Studies Review (CESR) 2002-
Turkistan Newsletter, from SOTA
Journal of Modern Turkish Studies, Ankara 2004-
General Accounts Willem Floor, The Persian Gulf. A Political and Economic History of Five Port Cities 1500-1730, Washington : Mage 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 953 F631p
Specific Topics