History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Siberia Uzbekistan
First posted on June 1st 2002; last revised on June 9th 2009

Kazakhstan independent, since 1991

Kazakhstan 1985-1991
Kazakhstan 1964-1985
Kazakhstan 1953-1964
Kazakhstan 1945-1953
Kazakhstan 1926-1945

Kirghiz ASSR, 1920-1926

Alash Orda, 1917-1920

General Governorate of the Steppe, 1882-1917
General Governorate of Turkestan, 1867-1918

Historical Atlas, Kazakhstan Page ; Western Central Asia Page

Students' Papers : Lee, Hyejin, Russian/Soviet Central Asia in Political Transition, 1800-1945 : a Collage of Biographies of Persons (2012)
Students' Paper : Song, Jeeun, A Dissection of the National Historiography of Kazakhstan (2010)
Students' Paper : Lee, Dahyeon, History of Textiles in Western Central Asia (2009)
Students' Paper : Choi Eunsol, The History of Kazakhstan as Reflected in the New York Times, 1920-1969 (2007)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from Intute World Guide; from CIA World Factbook Country : Kazakhstan; from Embassy of Kazakhstan in the UK, from About Kazakhstan
Library of Congress Country Studies : Kazakhstan
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; on Central Asia from oxuscom, on Kazakhs from SEELRC, on Kazakhstan from REENIC, from IAUNRC; from Islamic World
Intute, search for Kazakhstan; provides links to websites of relevant institutions
on History from Eurasianet
Historical Dictionaries Encyclopaedia Iranica
Organizations Global SSH : Kasakhstan; has list of institutions
International Institute for Central Asian Studies
Almaty Regional Association of Archivists and Historians, from UNESCO
Institute of Archaeology, Kazakhstan, from Heritage Net Central Asia
Laboratory of Geoarchaeology, Kazakhstan
Timelines from BBC News, from timelines.ws
Major Events relevant to Central Asian History since 1600, from oxuscom
Accounts of History Kazakh Perspective History, from Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
History of Kazakhstan, from www.kz, from Times of Central Asia , from Kazakhstan Investment
Website : Kazakhstan History
History, from Heritage Net Central Asia
other Perspective History of Kazakhstan, from Parasang, from Heritage Films
Article History of Kazakhstan, from Wikipedia; from UNESCO Heritage Net; from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World (Robert Winslow)
Specific Periods
Historiography Kazakh Perspective History of Kazakhstan. Pre-revolutionary period. An annotated bibliographical index of the Kazakh, Russian books and manuscripts kept in the funds of the Central Scientific Library, Almaty (ToC of 2 vols., in English, books in Russian) as of 2006
other Perspective Alexander C. Diener, National Territory and the Reconstruction of History in Kazakhstan (2007) abstract
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Kazakhstan; Kazakhstan, from Polity IV; Governments on the WWW : Kazakhstan
Article Politics of Kazakhstan, from Wikipedia
For the Record 2000 : Kazakhstan, from UN Human Rights System
A Legal Research Guide to Kazakhstan, from LLRX; Laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan, from GlobaLex
Concentration Camps Today : Kazakhstan, from ATTAC Report
Environmental Informations System in Kazakhstan, by M.A. Zhunusova
Kazakhstan's Post-Soviet Political Process 1992-1997, from HRW
Anuar Galiev, Traditional Institutions in Modern Kazakhstan (1998)
Military Wars of Kazakhstan 1800-1999, from ACED
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Kazakhstan, from ODM
Kazakhstan Special Weapons, from FAS; Kazakhstan, from NTI
Fallout in Kazakhstan : The Human Wreckage of Soviet Nuclear Tests, by Robert Elegant
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Kazakhstan; Article Economy of Kazakhstan, from Wikipedia
Kazakhstan Stock Exchange; Country Briefing : Kazakhstan, from Economist; Report on Kazakhstan's Nuclear Industry, from IAEA, has history; from Kazatomprom, has history, from INSP; The Reconstruction of the Uranium Industry in Kazakhstan, from Uranium Institute; The Semipalatinsk Test Site, from IAEA; Kazakhstan's Oil Industry, from Source Watch, has recent history; history, from Kazakhoil; Country Assessment Kazakhstan, from ASPO Ireland; Kazakhstan and Oil, TED Case Study 2006
Article Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline, from Wikipedia
Turksib Page (Turkestan-Siberian Railroad), by D. Zinoviev ; Russian Space Web
Kazakhstan Wheat Production, from USDA
Rangeland Degradation in Kazakhstan during the Soviet Era, from ICCS
Kazakhstan, from Internet World Stats
National Labour Law Profile : Kazakhstan, from ILO
Global Integrity : Kazakhstan 2007
Social History I. Ohayon, The Kazakh Famine: The Beginnings of Sedentarization, Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Ethnography Languages of Kazakhstan (6), from Ethnologue
Russians in Kazakhstan, from Minorities at Risk
Assessment for Germans in Kazakhstan, from Minorities at Risk
Ethnic Koreans in Changing Kazakhstan, from Korea Times
Country Report : Kazakhstan, from U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (Reports 1997-2006)
Ethnodemographic Situation in Kazakhstan, anonymous
History of Chechen Minority in K., from Radio Free Europe
Article Population Transfer in the Soviet Union, from Wikipedia ; Article Jüz, from Wikipedia
History of Russian Migration to Kazakhstan, from Russian and Euro-Asian Bulletin
Nationalities Problem in Post-Soviet Kazakhstan, by Nurbulat Masanov
B. Abdigaliev, Russians in Kazakhstan. Problems, Myth, Reality, from Eisenhower Institute
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Kazakhstan
Niccolo Pianciola, Famine in the Steppe. The Collectivization of Agriculture and the Kazak Herdsmen, 1928-1934 2004
History of the Uighurs in Brief, from The Uighurs
Kim, German, Korean Diaspora in Kazakhstan or Question of topical problems as Minority in the post-Soviet Space
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Kazakhstan, from Kirken i Norge
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Kazakhstan, from Jewish Virtual Library; Kazakhstan, from NCSJ, from UCSJ
Category Religion in Kazakhstan, from Wikipedia
History of the Greek Catholic Church in Kazakhstan, from RISU; History of the Catholic Church in Kazakhstan, from Catholic Culture; Diocese of Karaganda, from Catholic Hierarchy
Islam in Kazakhstan, and Questions of Ethnic Identity, posted by KIF
Lay Bishop - Lutherans in Kazakhstan - Robert Moser, from Christian Century
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Kazakhstan, from U.S. Department of State
History of Regions Regions of Kazakhstan, Rayons of Kazakhstan, from www.statoids.com
Kazakhstan Oblasts, from OREX
Local History History of Almaty (Alma-Ata), from World 66, from the Almaty Expat Site, from SRAS
History of Astana, from Wikipedia; Article Karaganda, from Wikipedia, from About Kazakhstan
Institutions Baikonur Cosmodrome, from Wikipedia
Al Farabi Kazakh National University of 1934
History of the National Library of Kazakhstan
History of Astana International Airport
FC Kairat Almaty, from Wikipedia
Traditional Institutions in Modern Kazakhstan, by Anuar Galiev
Kazakhstan, from Airline History
Structurae : Kazakhstan
Biography List of Kazakh Historical Figures, from Wikipedia
Others Disaster History by Country : Kazakhstan, from Relief Web
Crime and Society : A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Kazakstan (!)
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Khazakhstan; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); Political Leaders, from ZPC, including party leaders
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Kazakhstan, from Wikipedia; Liste der Deutschen Botschafter in Astana (Kasachstan), from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Kazakhstan, from NNDB; Heads of Post, from MOFA Canada
Chinese Ambassadors to Kazakhstan, from PRC MOFA;
Statistical Data Responsible Institution The Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Kazakhstan, from Population Statistics
Population of Cities : Kazakhstan, from City Population
Central Asian Population in Historical Perspective, by Bakhtior Islamov
Historical Abortion Statistics, Kazakhstan, from Johnstons Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos (since 1999); from IFES Election Guide (since 1999)
Elections and Electoral Systems : Kazakhstan
Documents Historical Newspapers The History of Qazaqstan (Kazakhstan), from World History Archive
Kazakhstan Article Archives, Almaty Article Archives, by Keepmedia
Central Asian Serials, Late 19th to Early 20th Century (1871-1991, Russian language), published by ProQuest
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from IPL, from ABYZ News Links
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Oriental Collections
Items on Kazakhstan
Universal Collections
Items on Kazakhstan
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports, scroll down
Photos of Kazakhstan, by Peter Langer
Airline Timetable Images : Kazakhstan
Archival Deposits British Intelligence Reports on Russia in Central Asia, published by IDC Publishers
Radio Free Europe, archive back to 1999
Constitutions, Laws Constitution, from Kazakhstan Embassy in the UK
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Kazakhstan, from ILO, 15 docs. since 1993
Internet Law Library : Kazakhstan; Constitution, from Constitution Finder
Treaties Category : Treaties of Kazakhstan, from Wikipedia
Document Collections
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO : National Map Agencies, Kazakhstan : Geodesy and Cartography of the Cabinet of Ministers (Kazgeodezia), Almaty
collections click here
Atlas of Kazakhstan, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Old Maps of Kazakhstan, Maps of the History of Kazakhstan, Wikimedia Commons
Category : Old Maps of Russian Turkestan
Kazakhstan Maps, PCL, UTexas
Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan & Kirghizstan, from Asian Linguistic Maps
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Kazakhstan
U.S. Army Map Service, Topographical Maps Eastern Europe 1:250,000, PCL, UTexas
U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Topographical Maps Russia 1:250,000, PCL, UTexas
M. Hauser, Old Maps of Russian Asia
The Tajikistan Update, Historical Maps of Central Asia (links)
Russian/Soviet Central Asia, hindsight Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
Russian/Soviet Central Asia, contemporary Turkestan 1888, 1938, Probert Encycloperdia
detail, hindsight Map : Semipalatinsk Test Site, Wikipedia
Unimaps, Lake Aral, the Dying Sea
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Artiucles Ethnological The Kirghiz-Kazakhs pp.178-180 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Central State Archive, Republic of Kazakhstan, from Heritage Net Central Asia
Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Kazakhstan, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 1 entry
UNESCO Archives Portal : National Archives Asia Pacific, has one entry for Kazakhstan (Nov. 11th 2006), scroll down; UNESCO Archives Portal : State and Regional Archives, Kazakhstan, 1 entry
Musea Almaty Musea, from SRAS
Central State Museum of Kazakhstan, from Heritage Net Central Asia
Museums in Kazakhstan, from OrexCA
Worldwide Museums Directory - Kazakhstan, from Global Sources
Monuments UNESCO World Heritage List, scroll down for Kazakhstan; Tentative List : Kazakhstan
Monuments of Kazakhstan, from OrexCA
Libraries National Library of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Libraries in Kazakhstan, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; flag of Soviet Kazakhstan, from FOTW; Early Flags of Soviet Kazakhstan, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry (independent K.), from World Civic Heraldry Guide) (SSR); National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Kazakhstan from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Banknotes of Turkestan, from Zeno
Coins of Kazakhstan, from Zeno

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Kazakhstan survey of bibliographies University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Kazakhstan: Bibliographic Resources
bibliographic database
general bibliographies from Nations Encyclopedia, from Yale Univ. Library, from Library of Congress, Country Studies
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliography, Kazakhstan Land Cover Dynamics Project
Bibliography on Central Asian Cinema, from Univ. of Pittsburgh
serial publications Central and Inner Asia Studies, publications
Publications, from Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, St. Petersburg (most in Russian)
Publications, from Sinor Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University
New Asia Books : Kazakhstan
general bibliographies
Kazakhstan entries
Resources for Central Asian Studies in the British Library
booksellers King Bulan's Turkic Bookstore
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue
Internet Archive
International Boundary Studies
on Kazakhstan
Thesis Server English Language (Abstracts of Russian Language) Dissertations from the CIS
IFESCCO - Digital Library of Dissertations, maintained at Russian State Library
Online Journals Central Asia Journals, from ELIN-NIAS
Silk Road Papers, from Central Asia - Caucasus Institute
Silk Road Journal
Turkistan Newsletter, from SOTA
Central Eurasian Studies Review (CESR) 2002-
Journal of Modern Turkish Studies, Ankara 2004-
Journal of Central Asian Studies, Oklahoma State, 1996-2001, ToC
Journal of Central Asian Studies, Univ. of Kashmir, full text
Historiography Article : Central Asian Historiography, by M.R. Drompp, pp.150-151 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.15, pp.714-715c Article Central Asia : Kazakstan. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.15
Specific Topics Zev Katz, Kazakhstan and the Kazakhs, pp.213-237 in : Zev Katz et al. (ed.), Handbook of Major Soviet Nationalities, NY : The Free Press 1975 [G]
M. Kaser, The Economies of Kazakstan and Uzbekistan, London : Royal Institute of International Affairs 1997 [G]
Historical Atlasses Yuri Bregel, An Historical Atlas of Central Asia, (HACA) Leiden : Brill 2003 (defines Central Asia as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Xinjiang)

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