History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

Uzbekistan Kazakhstan
First posted on June 4th 2002, last revised on May 6th 2012

Kyrgyzstan independent, since 1991

Kyrgyzstan 1945-1991
Kyrgyzstan 1926-1945

Kirghiz ASSR, 1920-1926

Alash Orda, 1917-1920

General Governorship of the Steppe, 1882-1917

Students' Papers : Lee, Hyejin, Russian/Soviet Central Asia in Political Transition, 1800-1945 : a Collage of Biographies of Persons (2012)
Students' Paper : Lee, Dahyeon, History of Textiles in Western Central Asia (2009)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook Country : Kyrgyzstan
Library of Congress Country Studies : Kyrgyzstan
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from dmoz; on Central Asia from oxuscom; on the Kyrgyz, from SEELRC; on Kyrgyzstan from Kyrgyzstan
on History from Eurasianet
Historical Dictionary Encyclopaedia Iranica
Organizations Global SSH : Kyrgyzstan; has list of institutions
International Institute for Central Asian Studies
Association of History and Civics Teachers "Filia", from Euroclio
Preserving Kyrgyzstan's History : Central Asian Oral History Society
Timelines from BBC News, from timelines.ws
Major Events relevant to Central Asian History since 1600, from oxuscom
Accounts of History Current History of Kyrgyzstan, from Lonely Planet, from ITMC Tien-Shan; from Times of Central Asia
Article History of Kyrgyzstan, from Wikipedia; from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World (Robert Winslow)
Specific Periods
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Kyrgyzstan; Governments on the WWW : Kyrgyzstan
Article Politics of Kyrgyzstan, from Wikipedia
Overview of the Legal System of the Kyrgyz Republic and Web Resources, from LLRX
Concentration Camps Today : (Soviet) Kyrgyzstan, from ATTAC
Kyrgyzstan Profile, from International Crisis Group
Military Wars of Kyrgyzstan 1917-1999, from ACED
Fatimakhon Ahmedova, Ethnic and Religious Conflict in the Ferghana Valley
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Kyrgyzstan; Article Economy of Kyrgyzstan, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Kyrgyz Republic 2006, Kyrgyz Republic 2007
Metal production in the South Kyrgyz mines of the Ferghana Valley, from GRIDA
Social History
Ethnography Languages of Kyrgyzstan (2), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, scroll down for Kyrgyzstan - Russians, Uzbeks
Country Report : Kyrgyzstan, from U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (Reports 1997-2006)
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Kyrgyzstan
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses - Kyrgyzstan, from Kirken i Norge
Article Religion in Kyrgyzstan, from Wikipedia
Aq Beshim Monastery, from Monastic Asia
History of Regions Regions of Kyrgyzstan, Districts of Kyrgyzstan, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Bishkek (Frunze), from Wikipedia
Institutions Kyrgyzstan, from Airline History
Structurae : Kyrgyzstan
Others Disaster History by Country : Kyrgyzstan, from Relief Web
Crime and Society : A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Kyrgyzstan
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Kyrgyzstan
from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); Political Leaders, from ZPC, including party leaders
Lists of Ambassadors U.S. Ambassadors to Kyrgyzstan, from NNDB; Heads of Post, from MOFA Canada
Chinese Ambassadors to Kyrghyz, from PRC MOFA; Liste der deutschen Botschafter in Bischkek (Kirgisistan), from Wikipedia German edition
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Statistika Kyrgyzstana; in Russian; English version not yet available
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Kyrgyzstan, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
City Population : Kyrgyzstan, from City Population
Central Asian Population in Historical Perspective, by Bakhtior Islamov
Historical Abortion Statistics : Kyrgyzstan, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Election Results from Psephos (since 2000); from IFES Election Guide (since 1998)
Documents Historical Newspapers History of Kyrgyzstan, from World History Archives
Kyrgyzstan Article Archives, Bishkek Article Archives, by Keepmedia
Central Asian Serials, Late 19th to Early 20th Century (1871-1991, Russian language), published by ProQuest
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Kyrgyz National News Agency
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons
Oriental Collections
Items on Kyrgyzstan
Universal Collections
Items on Kyrgyzstan
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports, scroll down
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Airline Timetable Images : Kyrgyzstan
Archival Deposits British Intelligence Reports on Russia in Central Asia, published by IDC Publishers
News Archive, from
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Kyrgyzstan, from ILO, 44 docs. since 1992
Internet Law Library : Kyrgyzstan; Constitution, from Council of Europe
Document Collections
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO : National Map Agencies, Kyrgyzstan : State Agency for Geodesy and Cartography (Kyrgyzgeodezija), Bishkek
collections Atlas of Kyrgyzstan, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Old Maps of Kyrgyzstan, Maps of the History of Kyrgyzstan, Wikimedia Commons
Category : Old Maps of Russian Turkestan
Kyrgyzstan Maps, PCL, UTexas
Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan & Kirghizstan, from Asian Linguistic Maps
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Kyrgyzstan
U.S. Army Map Service, Topographical Maps Eastern Europe 1:250,000, PCL, UTexas
U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency, Topographical Maps Russia 1:250,000, PCL, UTexas
M. Hauser, Old Maps of Russian Asia
The Tajikistan Update, Historical Maps of Central Asia (links)
Russian/Soviet Central Asia, hindsight Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
Russian/Soviet Central Asia, contemporary Turkestan 1888, 1938, Probert Encycloperdia
detail, hindsight
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Artiucles Ethnological The Kara Kirghiz p.178 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Musea Bishkek Museums, Museums of Kyrgyzstan, from OrexCA
Worldwide Museums Directory - Kyrgyzstan, from Global Sources
Monuments UNESCO World Heritage List, scroll down for Kyrgyzstan; Tentative List : Kyrgyzstan
Monumental Sites of Kyrgyzstan, from OrexCA
Petroglyphs of Saimaluu-Tash, from OrexCA
Libraries National Library of Kyrgyzstan
Libraries in Kyrgyzstan, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia, of the Kyrgyz SSR, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Kyrgyzstan from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Banknotes of Turkestan, from Zeno

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Kyrgyzstan survey of bibliographies University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Kyrgyzstan: Bibliographic Resources
bibliographic database
general bibliographies Bibliography, Library of Congress Country Studies : Kyrgyzstan
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Central and Inner Asia Studies, publications
Publications, from Institute of Oriental Manuscripts, St. Petersburg (most in Russian)
Publications, from Sinor Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University
New Asia Books : Kyrgyzstan
general bibliographies
Kyrgyzstan entries
Resources for Central Asian Studies in the British Library
booksellers King Bulan's Turkic Bookstore
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue
Internet Archive
International Boundary Studies
on Kyrgyzstan Silk Road Papers, from Central Asia - Caucasus Institute
Thesis Server English Language (Abstracts of Russian Language) Dissertations from the CIS
IFESCCO - Digital Library of Dissertations, maintained at Russian State Library
Online Journals full text online Silk Road Journal 2003-
Transoxiana 2000-
Central Eurasian Studies Review (CESR) 2002-
Journal of Modern Turkish Studies, Ankara 2004-
Table of Contents online International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1996-2009
Historiography Article : Central Asian Historiography, by M.R. Drompp, pp.150-151 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.15, pp.715c-715e Article Central Asia : Kyrgyzstan. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.15
Specific Topics Allen Hetmanek, Kirgizistan and the Kirgiz, pp.238-261 in : Zev Katz et al. (ed.), Handbook of Major Soviet Nationalities, NY : The Free Press 1975 [G]
Historical Atlasses Yuri Bregel, An Historical Atlas of Central Asia, (HACA) Leiden : Brill 2003 (defines Central Asia as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Xinjiang)

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