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Afghan Emirate Emirate of Bukhara
First posted on June 13th 2010, last revised on December 12th 2011

The Qajar Dynasty ousted the Zand Dynasty in 1794 and conquered Khorasan, still held by the Afsharid Dynasty, in 1796. In 1813/1828, Persia ceded the territories of modern Armenia and (northern) Azerbaijan to the Russian Empire. Attempts to maintain an expansionist policy (various expeditions against Herat) were continued, but in the process the Qajar Dynasty met the resistance of the Russian Empire and of the East India Company. Persia (Iran) became part of the staging ground of the "Great Game", a contest between the Russian Empire and the East India Company respectively, since 1858, British India, for influence in the region.
The Persian Constitutional Revolution of 1905/1911 marks the beginning of the history of Modern Iran. In 1907 the Russian Empire and the British Empire partitioned Iran into spheres of influence, while nominally leaving the Qajar Dynasty in charge of the entire country. The Qajar Dynasty, now rather powerless, held on to the throne until 1926; the country was renamed into Iran in 1935.

Persia/Iran 1926-1941 . Persia 1918-1926 . Persia 1914-1918 . Persia 1905-1914 . Persia 1883-1905 . Persia 1848-1883 . Persia 1828-1848 . Persia 1795-1828

Historical Atlas : Iran Page, Western Central Asia Page, Western Asia Page
List of Wars : Iran

Students' Papers : Kim, Sun Hoo, History of Food and Nutrition in West Asia (2009)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current Article : Qajar Dynasty, from Wikipedia
Historical J. MacDonald Kinneir, A geographical memoir of the Persian empire, 1813, GB
F. Shoberl, Persia: containing a description of the country, with an account of its Government, Laws and Religion, and of the Character, Manners and Customs, Arts, Amusements &c of its Inhabitants, 1828, GB
L. Dubeux, La Perse 1841, in French, GB
Links General Category : Qajar Dynasty, from Wikipedia
from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from dmoz; Virtual Library Iran
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Women's History; from persia.org; from Pars Times
Category : Persian History; Category : History of Iran, from Wikipedia
Articles in the Category "History of Persia", from EB 1911
History-Related Articles, from Kurdistanica
Organizations Iran Heritage Foundation
Foundation for Iranian Studies
British Institute of Persian Studies
Institut français de recherche en Iran (IFRI)
Institute of Iranian Studies, Univ. of St. Andrews; Centre for Iranian Studies, Durham Univ.
International Society for Iranian Studies (ISIS)
DIWAN, Association des doctorants en histoire des mondes musulmans medievaux
International Qajar Studies Association
Historical Dictionary Encyclopaedia Iranica
Kurdistanica, Digital Encyclopedia of Kurdistan
A Shi'ite Encyclopedia, from DILP
Iranian History Glossary
Timelines from Encyclopedia of the Orient; from BBC News, from timelines.ws; from mage.com; from On the Matrix
Accounts of History Iranian Perspective from Salam Iran, Iran's History in Brief, from Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Ottawa, Canada
Problems in Kurdish Historiography, from Kurdistanica
The dynasty of the Kajars, trsl. from the Persian 1833
other Perspective modern from Iran Photo Album, from Iransaga, 11 chapters; from Tamasha, 12 chapters, from Lonely Planet, from Iran Chamber Society
Article History of Iran, from Wikipedia; from Crime and Society, A Comparative Criminology of the World (Robert Winslow)
The Iranian Revolution, Past, Present and Future, by D. Zayar, posted by marxists.com
Bob Feldman, Iran, A People's History of a Washington Target Part I Part II (tendentious)
Persia or Iran, A Brief History Pre 20th Century, from Iran Saga
historical J. Malcolm, The history of Persia, from the most early period to the present time, vol.1, vol.2, 1829, GB
J.B. Fraser, Historical and descriptive account of Persia : from the earliest ages to the present time, 1836, GB
J.J. Champollion-Figeac, Histoire de la Perse 1860, in French, GB [short on modern history]
R.G. Watson, A history of Persia from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the year 1858 (1866), posted on IA
S.G.W. Benjamin, The Story of Persia (1888), posted on IA
P.M. Sykes, A History of Persia (1915), v.1, v.2, posted on IA
Specific Periods George N. Curzon, Persia and the Persian Question (1892), posted by Baha'i Library Online
J.M. Balfour, Recent Happenings in Persia (1922), posted on IA
F. David, Persia and Turkey in Revolt (1910), posted on IA
Behind the veil in Persia ; English documents (1917), posted on IA
J.M. Hone, P.L. Dickinson, Persia in revolution; with notes of travel in the Caucasus (1910), posted on IA
E.G. Browne, The reign of terror at Tabriz; England's responsibility (1912), posted on IA
E.G. Browne, The Persian crisis of December, 1911; how it arose and whither it may lead us (1912), posted on IA
Persia and Affghanistan : Analytical Narrative of the Events relating to the Correspondence on the Affairs of Persia and Afghanistan, 1839, GB
Historiography Iranian Perspective Touraj Atabaki, Iran in the 20th Century. Historiography and Political Culture, intro of 2009 book
Mohamad Tavakoli-Targhi, Refashioning Iran: Orientalism, Occidentalism, and historiography, 2001 book, posted by google books
Fereydoun Adamiyat, Problems in Iranian Historiography, 1971 book accessible through jstor
Kamran M. Dadkhah, Myths and Facts in Iranian Historiography, CIRA Bulletin 1999
on Iranian Perspective Historiography and Political Culture in Twentieth Century Iran, IISG Conference 2004; links to abstracts
other Perspective
Foreign Policy, Foreign Relations Search Encyclopaedia Iranica for Foreign Affairs, Anglo-Iranian Relations, Anglo-Persian Agreement, Anglo-Persian War, Anglo-Russian Convention, Belgian-Iranian Relations, China, Chinese-Iranian Relations, Denmark, Egypt, France, Gardane Mission, Georgia, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Ottoman-Persian Relations, Portugal, Russia
R.R. Dawes, A History of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Persia (1887), IA
E.B. Eastwick, Journal Of A Diplomate'S Three Years' Residence In Persia (1864), vol.1, vol.2, IA
W.M. Shuster, The strangling of Persia; a record of European diplomacy and oriental intrigue (1912), IA
E.G. Browne, The responsibility of the Russian government for the "Chaos" now existing in Persia (1909), IA
R.R. Davies, A History of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Persia (1887), IA
H.R. Sykes, Our recent progress in Southern Persia, and its possibilities (1905), IA
Article Foreign Relations of Iran, from Wikipedia, Relations between Russia and Iran, between Iran and Azerbaijan, from Axis
Essential Friends and Natural Enemies : The Historic Roots of Turkish-Iranian Relations, by Gokhan Cetinsaya, covers period 1821-1980es
Administration S.N.Z. Rizvi, Politics, Protest and Piety in Qajar Iran, 2007, from DILP
Military See WHKMLA, List of Wars : Iran
Military History of Iran, from Wikipedia
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Iran, from World Medals
T.J. Krusinski, The Chronicles of a Traveller : Or, A History of the Afghan Wars with Persia, in the Beginning of .. (1840), posted on Internet Archive
Economy & Finances General Historical Statistics (19th, 20th century, mainly economic), from Iran Virtual Library
Article : Economy in the Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Currency & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Iran; What was the Exchange Rate then ?, service provided by Economic History Services
History of Banking in Iran, from Tejarat
Jones, Geoffrey, The Imperial Bank of Iran and Iranian Economic Development, 1890-1952. Business and Economic History, 2d ser., 16 (1987): 69-80.
Article : Fiscal System : Safavid and Qajar Periods, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Trade J.A. Gagemeister, Der Europäische Handel in der Türkei und in Persien 1838, in German, GB
Article : Commerce in the Safavid and Qajar Periods, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Manufacture History of Persian Carpets, from Iran Chamber Society
Article : Glass Industry, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Mining Article : Mining in Iran, Mines and Mineral Resources, Mineral Industries, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Iranian Oil History in Brief, from Iranian Journalist
Social History Classes Article : Class System : Classes in the Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Household Qajars : The Qajar Period Household, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Women Women's Worlds in Qajar Iran
R. Sepehrrad, Women role in popular movements during Qajar dynasty
Feminist Movements : Late Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Women's Education during the Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Slavery slave trade abolished in 1848, slavery in 1929
Article : Slavery in Iran, from Wikipedia
N. Mozaffari, The History of Slavery in Modern Iran: Preliminary Questions and Observations 2011
M. Price, Chaman Andam. Slavery in early 20th century Iran, The Iranian October 2, 2002
Eunuchs Article : Eunuchs : the Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Education Article : Education, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Article : Education : Foreign and Minority Schools in Persia, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Women's Education during the Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Health Article : Health in Persia : Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Iran
Epidemiology of Drug Use in Iran, from UNODC
Article : Cholera, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Others Crime and Society : A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Iran
Article : Famines in Persia, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Ethnography Languages of Iran (69), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, scroll down for Iran - Arabs, Azerbaijanis, Bakhtiari, Baluchis, Kurds, Turkmen
Article Iranian Kurdistan, from Wikipedia
Armenians in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society
Category : Languages of Iran, from Wikipedia
Article : Demographics of Iran, from Wikipedia
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Iran
Search Encyclopaedia Iranica for Ethnography, Gypsies
F. Barth, Nomads of South Persia (1961), posted on IA
J. Atkinson, Customs and manners of the women of Persia and their domestic superstitions, 1832, GB
J. Kitto, The People of Persia, 1799, GB
Article : Afro-Iranian, from Wikipedia
Persia, pp.421-429 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Religion General Religion in Iran, from netiran; Category Religion in Iran, from Wikipedia
Islam Mosques of Iran, from Iran Page (images only, locations not given)
Zoroastrianism Zoroaster and Zoroastrians in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society; Zoroastrian Sacred Sites in Iran, from Places of Peace and Power
Judaism Jews of Iran, from Jewish Virtual Library; A Brief History of Iranian Jews, from Iran Chamber Society; Iran, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Article : Judeo-Persian Communities : Qajar Period, Part 1, Pt.2, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Christianity A Brief History of Christianity in Iran, from Farsinet; Historical Churches in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society
Baha'i Minorities at Risk - Iran : Baha'i, Christians
History Timeline, from Baha'i International Community, UN Office
History of Regions Provinces of Iran, Counties of Iran, from www.statoids.com
Iranian Provinces, from Iran Chamber Society
History of Khuzestan, from Wikipedia
M.B. al Hasan B. Isfandiyar, History of Tabaristan; computer may have difficulty displaying characters properly; transcribed into English
Article : Provinces of Iran, from Wikipedia
Category : Provinces of Iran, from Wikipedia
Abu Musa and the Tunbs, from The Persian Gulf
St. John Lovett and Euan Smith, Eastern Persia (Vol I) (1876), posted on Internet Archive
Local History Articlev Cities of Iran, from Wikipedia
History of Tehran, from greatestcities.com, from Wikipedia
History of Isfahan, from Wikipedia; History of Mashhad, from Wikipedia; History of Abadan, from Wikipedia; History of Tabriz, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions History of Higher Education in Iran, from Iran Chamber Society; History of Hamadan Civil Registry
Structurae : Iran; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Iran
Culture & Science Online Publications on the History of Iranian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
History of Painting in Iran, from Farhangsara
Nineteenth Century Iran : Continuity and Revivalism, from Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
Article : Qajar Art, from Wikipedia
Article History of Contemporary Medicine in Iran, from Wikipedia
A Survey Catalogue and Brief Critical History of Iranian Feature Film (1896-1975), by Reza Talachian
The Persian Calendar, by Holger Oertel
A History of Muslim Philosophy, Ch. LIII : Persian Literature, Ch. LXXVII : Renaissance in Iran, Ch. LXVIII : renaissance in Iran (Cont.)
M. Modares, European Artists in Iran during the Qajar Period
Biographies List of Iranians, from Wikipedia; Iranian Personalities, from Iran Chamber Society
Iran, from Executed Today
Others International Boundary Studies, search for Iran
Disaster History by Country : Iran, from Relief Web
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Article : Freemasonry in the Qajar Period, from Encyclopaedia Iranica

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Article Rulers of Iran, from Wikipedia
Lists of Ambassadors List of Diplomats from the United Kingdom to Iran, from Wikipedia; Former French Ambassadors in Iran, from Ambafrance; Liste der Deutschen Botschafter in Teheran (Persien/Iran), from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Iran, from NNDB; Embajadores de Mexico en Iran, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Iran, from Population Statistics
Documents Historical Newspapers Iran Articles, from Harper's Magazine (1857-)
Image Databanks Europeana
Wikimedia Commons
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Archival Deposits British Intelligence Reports on Persia (Iran) 1900-1949, published by IDC Publishers
Guide to India Office Records relating to Iran, from British Library
Iran Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search Your Archives for Iran (UK National Archives)
Constitutions, Laws
Treaty Collections Pertaining to Iran E. Hertslet, Treaties, &c. Concluded Between Great Britain and Persia: And Between Persia and Other Foreign .. (1891), posted on Internet Archive
Treaties with the King of Persia, Runjeet Sing, the King of Cabool, the Ameers of Sinde and the Nawab of Bahawulpore, etc (1839), posted on Internet Archive
Document Collections Behind the veil in Persia; English documents (1917), posted on Internet Archive
Digital Persian Archive, Universität Marburg
Individual Documents The diary of H.M. the Shah of Persia, during his tour through Europe in A.D. 1873. By J.W. Redhouse. A verbatim translation (1874), posted on Internet Archive
A Diary Kept by His Majesty the Shah of Persia During His Journey to Europe in 1878 (1879), posted on Internet Archive
J.B. Fraser, Narrative of the residence of the Persian princes in London, in 1835 and 1836, together with an Account of their Journey from Persia, 1838, GB
Historical Maps click WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Iran Page
Atlas of Iran, from Wikimedia Commons
Search Atlas of Mutual Heritage for Iran, Bushehr, Esfahan, Kerman, Fort Mosselstein, Shiraz
Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
Maps : Languages of the Caucasus, Iranian Languages from Titus
Map : Persia 1906, Persia (Products) 1906, Persian Gulf 1906, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Iran Historical Maps : Safavid, Afsharid, Zand, Qajar, Pahlavi Eras, from Iran Politics Club
Map : Iran 1900, from Wikipedia
Map : Iran - Territorial Changes, posted by M. Behrooz
Map : Persia and the Eastern Part of Turkish Arabia 1909, posted by K. Farrokh
Persia, 1814, posted by P. Nasehpour
Historical Map of Isfahan, from Encyclopaedia Iranica
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Persien, Belutschistan, Seistan, Chorasan, Masenderan, Astrabad, Gilan, Aserbeidschan, Fars, Kirman, Jezd, Irak Adschmi, Luristan, Chusistan (Arabistan), Hamadan, Ormus, Meschhed, Tebriz, Teheran, Ispahan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Articles Persia, Cities : Isfahan, Astarabad, Resht; Teheran, Meshed, Hormuz, Bushire, Yezd, Kerman, Shiraz, Ahvaz, Khoremmabad, Kashan, Tabriz, Ardebil, Kermanshah, Provinces : Arabistan, Luristan, Fars, Kerman, Seistan, Baluchistan (Persia), Yezd, Khorasan, Mazandaran, Bakhtiari, Kermanshah, Hamadan, Savah, Kazvin, Khamseh, Azerbaijan, Irak, Kum, Kashan, Astarabad, from EB 1911; Articles in the Category "History of Persia", from EB 1911
Religious Article Persia, from Catholic Encyclopedia (1907), from Jewish Encyclopedia (1906)
Persien, pp.706-711 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic Entry : Das Persische Reich, pp.648-655, Gambron (= Bender Abbas), p.672 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Present State of Agriculture in Persia, pp.139-142 in Ch. Loudon, An encyclopaedia of agriculture, 1825, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Gamron oder Bender Abbasi, Persien, posted by DTBSWS
Entry : Persia, pp.1426-1427 in Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue : Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations, 1851, GB
Entry : Persien, p.253 in 1852 ed. pp.389-27 in 1866 ed., of J. Hübner, Die Zolltarife aller Länder, in German, GB
E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on IA; search for Persia
Geographical Of Persia, pp.333-371 in vol.1 of J. Payne, Universal geography formed into a new and entire system, 1794, GB
Persia, pp.246-284 in J. Pinkerton, Modern geography, 1804, GB
Persia, pp.227-279 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, 1824, GB
Persia, pp.367-369 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Ethnographical Royaume de Perse, pp.374-377 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
on History Entry : Persien, in vol.5 of J.G. Eichhorn, Geschichte der drey letzten Jahrhunderte, 1805, in German, GB
Persia pp.344-352, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
other Article : Persien, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues T.J. Krusinski, The Chronicles of a Traveller : Or, A History of the Afghan Wars with Persia, in the Beginning of .. (1840), posted on Internet Archive
W.Th. Blanford, B. Lovett, Eastern Persia: An Account of the Journeys of the Persian Boundary Commission, 1870-71-72. (1876), posted on Internet Archive
Ch. Stuart, Journal of a residence in northern Persia and the adjacent provinces of Turkey (1854), posted on Internet Archive
J.B. Fraser, Narrative of a journey into Khorasan, in the years 1821 and 1822. Including some account of the countries to the north-east of Persia; with remarks upon the national character, government, and resources of that kingdom (1825), posted on Internet Archive
W.F. Sinclair, The Travels of Pedro Teixeira: With His "Kings of Harmuz" and Extracts from His "Kings of Persia" (1902), posted on Internet Archive
J.H. Stocqueler, Fifteen months' pilgrimage through untrodden tracts of Khuzistan, vol.1, vol.2, 1832, GB
E.S. Waring, A Tour to Sheeraz, by the Route of Kazroon and Feerozabad, 1807, GB
R.C. Money, Journal of a Tour in Persia during the years 1824 and 1825, 1828, GB
Residence Memoirs E.B. Eastwick, Journal of a Diplomate's Three years residence in Persia, vol.1, vol.2, 1864, GB
E.G. Browne, A Year Amongst the Persians 1893, GB; [1886-1887]
Institutions Archives National Archives of Iran
UNESCO Archives Portal : National Archives Asia Pacific, has one entry for Iran (Nov. 15th 2006), scroll down
Musea Lists, Links Museums in Iran, from Caroun; Category : Museums in Iran, from Wikipedia
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Iran, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Iran), Tentative Lists : Iran
Libraries National Library of Iran
Libraries in Iran, from LibDex
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes on Iran Coin Catalog of Iran, from Numismaticon; search Coin Archives for Persia, Iran; Numismatic Collections of Coins - Iran, bilingual Russian-English site; Iran, from World Coin Gallery
British Museum, The coins of the shahs of Persia, Safavis, Afghans, Efsharis, Zands, and Kajars (1887), posted on Internet Archive
on Qajar Dyn. Coins of the Qajar Dynasty, from Zeno
Stamps Rare Stamps : Iran, Iranian States (misnomer for local issues), from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Persian Stamps 1870-1911, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Iran Iran Oral History Project, (printed memoirs), IBEX Publishers
NNDB Bibliography : Iran
Persian Academy; in Farsi; English language version does not work (Sept. 21st 09)
Iran, from The Online Books Page
from IAAB
on specific issues Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South West Asia
Bibliography, from Kurdistanica
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; e-corpus
International Boundary Studies
on Iran Iran Online Library, from Iran Politics Club
Iran Digital Library
Digital Islamic Library Project (DILP)
Books in the Baha'i Library Online
Online Journals full text online Search Parameters, US Army War College Quarterly 1971- for Iran
Journal of Iranian Research and Analysis 1997-2004
Iran Analysis Quarterly 2003-2007
Abstracta Iranica (in French) 2002-2006
Goftogu 1992-
Kurdish Life 1991-, cumulative index
International Journal of Kurdish Studies 1988-2002, cumulative index
Etudes Kurdes 2000-
Table of Contents
Iran, Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, ToCs vol.30-
Historiography Article : Persian Historiography, by H. Shambayati, pp.703-705, in vol.2 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
On the Middle East
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.930-971 Article Iran. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.21
Elton L. Daniel, The History of Iran, Greenwood 2000, 320 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 955 D 184t
A.K.S. Lambdon, Persia : The Breakdown of Society, pp.430-468 in The Cambridge History of Islam : vol.I, The Central Islamic Lands, Cambridge : UP 1970 [G]
Specific Topics Edward G. Browne, The Persian Revolution 1905-1909, Washington : Mage 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. 955.051 B882p
Janet Afary, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution 1906-1911, NY : Columbia UP 1996, KMLA Lib.Sign. 320.955 A256i
Historical Dictionaries John H. Lorenz, Historical Dictionary of Iran, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 1995, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 955.003 L868h
Yearbooks Article : Persia, in : Statesman's Year Book 1878 pp.718-726 (on events of 1877) [G]

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