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Bukhara Khiva
First posted on April 5th 2007, last revised on June 9th 2010

For the history of the former Russian province of Turkestan since 1924, see under History of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan

Turkestan ASSR 1918-1924

General Governorate of Turkestan, 1867-1918

Historical Atlas : Uzbek Khanates / Uzbekistan

Students' Papers : Lee, Hyejin, Russian/Soviet Central Asia in Political Transition, 1800-1945 : a Collage of Biographies of Persons (2012)
Students' Papers : Kim, Jae Yun, Turkestan in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)

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Country Profiles from Current Perspective Article Russian Turkestan, from Wikipedia
from Historical Perspective H. Spalding, Khiva and Turkestan (1874), posted on Internet Archive
D.K. Ivanov, Die Russen in Turkestan (1876) in German, posted on Internet Archive
H. Lansdell, Russian Central Asia, including Kuldja, Bokhara, Khiva and Merv (1885) vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
F. Machatschek, Landeskunde von Russisch Turkestan (1921) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Historical Dictionary
Timelines Timeline : Major Events relevant to Central Asian History (since 1600), from oxuscom
Accounts of History Central Asia Current Perspective
Central Asia Historical Perspective J. de Guignes, Histoire generale des Huns, des Turcs, des Mongols et des autres Tartares vol.1 pt.1, 1756, vol.1 pt.2, 1756, vol.2, 1756, vol.3, 1757, vol.4, 1758, vol.5, 1758, in French, GB
Russian Turkestan Current Perspective Article Russian Turkestan, from Wikipedia
Russian Turkestan Historical Perspective F.H. Skrine, E.D. Ross, The Heart of Asia: A History of Russian Turkestan and the Central Asian .. (1899), posted on Internet Archive
Central Asia Specific Periods
Russian Turkestan Specific Periods R.A. Pierce, Russian Central Asia 1867-1917 (1960), posted on Internet Archive
G.N. Curzon, Russia in Central Asia in 1889 and the Anglo-Russian Question (1889), posted on Internet Archive
A. Vambery, Central Asia and the Anglo-Russian Frontier Question: A Series of Political Papers (1874), posted on Internet Archive
W.E. Beater, England and Russia in Asia (1885), posted on Internet Archive
Ch. Marvin, The Russian advance towards India. Conversations with Skobeleff, Ignatieff, and other distinguished Russian generals and statesmen, on the Central Asian question (1882), posted on Internet Archive
J. Dacosta, A scientific frontier; or, The danger of a Russian invasion of India (1891), posted on Internet Archive
E.H. Sutherland, Russian projects against India : from the czar Peter to general Skobeleff (1885), posted on Internet Archive
Military Wars of Bukhara 1800-1999, from ACED
Economy & Finances
Social History
Ethnography Articles Uzbeks, Tajiks, from Wikipedia
The Central Asian Jews, The Peoples of the Pamirs, from The Red Book of Peoples of the Russian Empire
History of the Uighurs in Brief, from The Uighurs
Turkistan, pp.5023-5035 in vol.7A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Regional History
Local History
Structures, Institutions
Culture & Science Khalid, Adeeb. The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.
Others W.R. Rickmers, The Duab of Turkestan (1913), posted on Internet Archive
W.R. Rickmers, Impressions of the Duab (Russian Turkestan) (1907), posted on Internet Archive
A. Vambery, Western culture in Eastern lands, a comparison of the methods adopted by England and Russia in the middle East (1906), posted on Internet Archive

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen World Statesmen : Turkestan ASSR by Ben Cahoon; Regnal Chronologies : Central Asia, scroll down for Bokhara, Khiva, Khokand, Khwarazm, Qarakalpak, Uzbekistan; Turkestan Statesmen, from Atlas Words (comment in Italian);
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Uzbekistan, from Population Statistics
Documents Historical Newspapers Bukhara ye-sharif (Persian lnguage newspaper 1912-), held by IISG
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Search Delcampe Picture Postcards
Exhibition of early color photographs from Russian Empire by S. M. Prokudin-Gorsky : Samarkand
Systematic Collections
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Reading Room Turkestan Album
M. Dikovitskaya, Central Asia in Early Photographs: Russian Colonial Attitudes and Visual Culture
Accidental Collections
Oriental Collections
Items on Turkestan
Uzbekistan Images, from ArchNet, click Samarkand, Tashkent etc.
Universal Collections
Items on Turkestan
Archival Deposits British Intelligence Reports on Russia in Central Asia, published by IDC Publishers
Search Your Archives for Samarkand, Tashkent (UK National Archives)
Constitutions, Laws
Treaty Collections
Document Collections
Historical Maps Map : Turkestan 1888
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Turkistan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Article Chimkent, Ferghana, Khokand, Samarkand, Central Asia, Semiryechensk, Tashkent, Turkestan, from EB 1911
Religious Article Turkestan, from Catholic Encyclopedia, scroll down for Russian Turkestan
Economic E.G. Balfour, The cyclopaedia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, commercial, industrial, and scientific; products of the mineral, vegetable, and animal kingdoms, useful arts and manufactures (1885), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive; search for Turkestan
Geographical Asiatic Russia : Russian Central Asia pp.206-207 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Encyclopedia Artiucles Ethnological The Kara-Kirghiz p.178, the Kirghiz-Kazakhs pp.178-180, the Turkomans pp.180-181 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
on History
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues E.F. Chapman, G. de Meyendorf, A Journey from Orenburg to Bokhara in the Year 1820 (1870), posted on IA
E. Schuyler, Turkistan : Notes Of A Journey In Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara, And Kuldja (1876), posted on IA
E.F. Eversmann, H. Lichtenstein, Reise von Orenburg nach Buchara (1823) in German, posted on IA
M. Albrecht, Russisch Centralasien: Reisebilder aus Transkaspien, Buchara und Turkestan (1896), posted on IA
H. Moser, Durch Central-Asien; die Kirgisensteppe, Russisch-Turkestan, Bochara, Chiwa, das Turkmenenland und Persien (1888) in German, posted on Internet Archive
D. Ker, O'er Tartar deserts, or, English and Russian in central Asia (1898), posted on Internet Archive
G. Dobson, Russia's Railway Advance Into Central Asia: Notes of a Journey from St. Petersburg to Samarkand (1890), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Russian Turkestan
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
International Boundary Studies
on Central Asia
Online Journals full text online Central and Inner Asia Studies, publications
Silk Road Journal
Transoxania, since 2000
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses Yuri Bregel, An Historical Atlas of Central Asia, (HACA) Leiden : Brill 2003 (defines Central Asia as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Xinjiang)

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