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Mongolia Siberia
First posted on June 6th 2002, last revised on June 11th 2010

Tuva was historically a part of Outer Mongolia, and with the latter, from the 18th century onward, a part of Qing China (then known as Uriankhai Territory). Following the Chinese Revolution in 1911, Outer Mongolia declared independence. In the following years Mongolia was contested by Russian Whites, Russian Reds and the Chinese; Tuva in the process became a separate polity, under strong Russian influence, perhaps gaining most notoriety for the exotic postage stamps issued in its name - symbols of political independence.
In 1944 Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R. Today, Tuva is an autonomous republic within the Russian Federation.

Alternative spellings : Tuva, Touva, Tyva, Tannu Tuva

Tuva since 1991
Tuva 1944-1991
Tannu Touva 1929-1944
Tannu Touva 1914-1929

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Country Profiles Current Article Tuva, from Wikipedia
Links from Friends of Tuva
Organizations Friends of Tuva
International Institute for Central Asian Studies
Tannu Tuva Collectors Society (Philatelic)
Historical Dictionary
Timelines Major Events relevant to Central Asian History (since 1600), from oxuscom
Accounts of History Current Article Tuvinian People's Republic, from Wikipedia
Article History of Tuva, from Wikipedia
Articl;e Tannu Uriankhai (pre-1912), from Wikipedia
History of Tuva, from Öz Türkler
Specific Periods Articles Tannu Uriankhai 1757-1911, Tuvan Peoples' Republic 1921-1944, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Tannu Tuva
Ethnography Article Uriankhai, from Wikipedia
Religion The Dalai Lama in Tuva 1992, from avantart
Local History History of Kyzyl (Belotsarsk), from Wikipedia
Institutions History, from Tuva State University

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (Ben Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel), scroll down for Tannu Tuva
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, administrative divisions, from Population Statistics; scroll down for Tuva
Documents Historical Newspapers Central Asian Serials, Late 19th to Early 20th Century (1871-1991, Russian language), published by ProQuest
Image Databanks Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Images of Tuva (1995), from Khoomei
Archival Deposits British Intelligence Reports on Russia in Central Asia, published by IDC Publishers
News Archive, from
Treaties Regulations of Production and Marketing of Sugar, London May 6 1937, pp.388-410 in Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, vol.3 : Multilateral 1931-1945; 1969, GB, reference of exports from the U.S.S.R. to Mongolia, Sin Kiang and Tannu Tuva
Document Collections
Historical Maps from Friends of Tuva
Map : Turkic Languages, from Titus
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Central State Archive of the Republic of Tyva, from Archaeo Biblio Base (IISG)
Regional Archives in the Republic of Tyva, from Archaeo Biblio Base (IISG)
Monuments Russian Federation / Tuva: Arzhan, from Deutsches Archäologisches Institut
G.I. Zaitseva et al., Chronological Studies of the Arzhan 2 Scythian Monument in Tuva (Russia), 2004
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; The Flag and Arms of Tuva, by Dave Martucci, posted by New England Journal of Vexillology
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Tannu-Tuva from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, from ATS Notes (commercial site)
Medals of the Second World War : Tuvinian Arat Republic
Search Coin Archives for Tannu Tuva
Stamps Touva Stamps 1926-1944, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer; site of the Tannu Touva Collectors' Society
Anders Backman, Tuva 2000 Stamps Catalogue, posted by Silverdalen

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Touva Tannu Tuva Collectors Society Library
Online Libraries general Project Gutenberg, Online Catalogue
Internet Archive
International Boundary Studies
on Touva Silk Road Papers, from Central Asia - Caucasus Institute
Thesis Server English Language (Abstracts of Russian Language) Dissertations from the CIS
IFESCCO - Digital Library of Dissertations, maintained at Russian State Library
Online Journals Silk Road Journal
International Journal of Central Asian Studies, 1996-2009
Central Eurasian Studies Review (CESR) 2002-
Turkistan Newsletter, from SOTA
Journal of Modern Turkish Studies, Ankara 2004-
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Atlasses Yuri Bregel, An Historical Atlas of Central Asia, (HACA) Leiden : Brill 2003 (defines Central Asia as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Xinjiang)

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