First posted on December 14th 2004, last revised on June 4th 2006






Timeline : Demographic History of China








1368
1550
18th Century


1700
1750
1795
1842
1851-1864

1860es


1861
1900
1911
1912
1937-1945

1949-1973

1949-



1960
1961
1973
1979
1981
2000
Estimations for estimated population figures vary considerably. They are mainly
based on censusses in which households were counted (until 1911).
The geographic area for which population figure estimates apply depends on the
historic situation; the difference in areas for which population figures are given
have to be taken into consideration.

End of Yuan Dynasty; China's population estimated at 60,000,000
China's population estimated at 120,000,000
Agricultural Revolution in China : triple cropping of rice; introduction of new
crops (maize, potato, sweet potato) lay foundation to sustained population
growth
China's population estimated at 100,000,000
China's population estimated at 180,000,000
China's population estimated at 300,000,000
End of the First Opium War; Chinese emigration increased
Taiping Rebellion; China's population contracted from est. 408,359,000 in 1851
to 369,282,000 in 1864
The opening of ports to international trade and the attempts by the Zongli Yamen
to establish a Chinese industry kickstart a trend toward urbanization, especially
at cities such as Shanghai and Tientsin
Manchuria opened to immigration of Han Chinese
China's population 400,000,000 (census counted households)
Chinese Revolution; population given at 427,662,000
First population census was held
Despite World War II, population of China increased from 511,078,000 in 1937
to 537,534,000 in 1945
PRC promoted large families as population was regarded an asset, especially
in the years before China became a nuclear power (1964)
PRC encouraged settlement of Han Chinese in Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Yunnan etc.,
since 1950 in Tibet. In most cases, Han Chinese dominate administration and
economy in the autonomous regions; in many of these regions, Han Chinese
now outnumber the respective ethnic minority.
Population of the PRC 682,024,000
Population of the PRC contracted to 658,590,000; contraction credited to starvation
The PRC adopted a policy of discouraging large families
The PRC introduced the One Child Policy
Population of the PRC surpassed 1 billion
Population of the PRC 1,265,830,000




EXTERNAL
FILES
A Historical Perspective on China's Population Control Policy, from Shanghai Expat
China, from Population Statistics
Article History of China, from Wikipedia
Luo Huanzhen, Prewar Population Statistics
A Brief History of Chinese Immigration to America, from American Heritage Project
China's One Child Policy, posted by Jesse Zink
Article One Child Policy, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE Ong Jin Hui, Chinese indentured labour : coolies and colonies, pp.51-56; Evelyn Hu-DeHart, The Chinese of Peru, Cuba and Mexico, pp.220-222; Lian Kwen Fe, Migration and the formation of Malaysia and Singapore. pp.392-396; in : Robin Cohen (ed.), The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c










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