1898-1918 1929-1941

Hong Kong 1918-1929

Administration . Francis Henry May served as governor from 1912 to 1919, Reginald Stubbs from 1919 to 1925, Cecil Clementi from 1925 to 1930. The colony of Hong Kong and the (leased) New Territories were under a common administration.

The Economy . Hong Kong had grown to prominence as a regional trade hub. The situation in China, in a state of civil war since 1926, resulted in a greater dependence on the import of arms and ammunitions.
Hong Kong experienced labour unrest at an unprecedented level : a strike by mechanics in 1920 which resulted in a wage increase; a strike by sailors in 1921, a general strike in 1926.

Social History . The census of 1921 counted 625,200 Hong Kong residents, the census of 1931 counted 849,800. Hong Kong remained, to some extent, a segregated society, with the Chinese population barred from certain residential areas (Victoria Peak) and recreational facilities.

Modernization . Kai Tak Airport was opened in 1924.

Article History of Colonial Hong Kong 1800s-1930s, Claud Severn, Francis Henry May, Reginald Stubbs, Cecil Clementi, from Wikipedia
A Case of Self-Delusion. Part 1 : From Colonialism to Confusion, by Henry C.K. Liu
DOCUMENTS Hong Kong Administrators, from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), scroll down for Hong Kong
Historical Population Statistics : Hong Kong, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003 [G]
Frank Welsh, A Borrowed Place, The History of Hong Kong, NY : Kodansha 1993
Article : Hong Kong, in : Statesman's Year Book 1919 pp.110-113, 1924 pp.116-120, 1925 pp.118-122, 1926 pp.107-111, 1928 pp.109-112, 1929 pp.108-112 [G]
Article : Hong Kong, in : Americana Annual 1927 pp.410-411, 1928 pp.366-367 [G]
Article : Hong Kong, in : New International Year Book 1919 pp.330-331, 1920 pp.323-324, 1921 p.321, 1923 p.328, 1925 pp.311-312, 1928 p.330 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 9th 2007, last revised on August 18th 2007

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