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Jiangsu Hubei
First posted on December 8th 2004, last revised on November 8th 2009







History of the Territory of the Modern Province of Anhui

The territory of modern Anhui did not belong to the Xia Dynasty (1989-1558). The Shang Dynasty (1556-1046 BC) expanded into Anhui; it was followed by the Zhou Dynasty (1046-221 BC) . During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-403), Anhui was divided by Wu and Chu; then Wu was conquered by Yue in 473 BC, which was conquered by Chu in 334, which again was conquered by Qin in 225-223. Anhui thus was under Qin (223-206) under Western Han (221 BC - 8 AD), Xin 8-22 AD and Eastern Han 25-220. Then Northern Anhui was under Cao Wei (220-265), Southern Anhui under Eastern Jin. Anhui was reunited under Western Jin 265-317. While southern Anhui remained under Eastern Jin, northern Anhui came under Former Zhao, Later Zhao, Former Yan, Former Qin, then to be conquered by Eastern Jin. From c.420 to 581, Anhui was under the Southern Dynasties until Sui (581-618) again reunited China. Sui was followed by Tang (618-907). During the Five Dynasties and 10 States Period, Anhui territory was contested by the Five Dynasties and the Kingdom of Wu (renamed Southern Tang). Anhui was reunited under Northern Song (960-1127). Then Anhui again was divided between Jin (1127-1234) and Southern Song (1127-1279), reunited by Yuan (1234-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911), the Republic of China (1911-1949). Since 1949 Anhui forms part of the People's Republic of China.

History of the Anhui as a Chinese Province

Under the Han Dynasty, the territory of Anhui was divided under the Xu, Yu and Yang provinces, under Western Jin northern Anhui under Yu, southern Anhui under Yang province, an organisation maintained under Sui. Under Tang, Anhui was split under Henan (N) and Huainan (S). Under Northern Song, Anhui was split under Henan (N), Huainan (C) and Jiangnan (S). Under Southern Song, C Anhui remained under Huainan, S Anhui was under Jiangnan. Under Yuan, until 1291 N Anhui was part of Zhili (centrally administered area), since 1291 N Anhui was part of Henanxiangbei, S Anhui part of Jiangzhe. Under early Ming, Anhui was part of Zhili 1366-1421, of Nanzhili 1421-1644 (Jiangnan 1645-1661) province (Jiangsu + Anhui). Jiangnan was split in Jiangsu and Anhui in 1661.

Timeline : Anhui

Students' Papers : Suh, Hee-won: History of Water Management in China (2008)






DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Wikipedia
Links, General Category : Anhui, from Wikipedia
Links, on History Category : History of Anhui, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Historical Maps Northeastern China Political, from Albert Herrmann, History and Commercial Atlas of China (1935), posted by huhai.net
Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Timelines click here
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History from Wikipedia; from Welcome to Anhui
List of Current and Former Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Anhui
Encyclopedia Entries Article Ngan-Hui, from EB 1911
Article Nganhui, Wuhu, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Article Nganhwei, Nganking, Wuhu, Kiangnan, Liangkiang, from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno
Politics Concentration Camps Today : Anhui & Jiangxi, from ATTAC
Ethnography
History of Religion Diocesis of Wuhu, from Catholic Hierarchy
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Anqing, Diocese of Bengbu, Diocese of Lu'an, Apostolic Prefecture of Tunxi, Diocese of Wuhu, from GCatholic
List of Buddhist Temples : China : Anhui, from Wikipedia
King Yu Temple on Mt. Tu (Bengbu, Anhui) , Temple of Supreme Simplicity on Mt. Qiyun (Anhui), from General Presentation of Daoism
History of Regions Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
History of Cities Treaty Ports, Foreign Concessions & Colonies in 1920es China, list compiled by Phil Abbey
History of Wuhu, from Wikipedia
History of Hefei, from Welcome to Hefei, from Wikipedia
Structures, Institutions Article Anhui University, from Wikipedia
History, from Anhui Normal University; from Anhui Agricultural University; History, from Amhui University of Science and Technology
Wuhu Economic and Technological Development Zone, from China Daily
History of Wuhu Cigarette Factory
Structurae : Anhui Province
Others Article Nian Rebellion, from Columbia Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia (Nien Rebellion)
Anhui Troupes and the Birth of Peking Opera, from Confucius Institute Online
Graham, Larsen, Xu, Son Preference in Anhui Province, China, 1998
Bibliography Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Anhwei, Anhui (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org
Population Statistics China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted at Univ. Utrecht
Anhui, from UNESCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Anhui, from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Anhui, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Document Collections The History of Anhui Province, from World History Archives
Archives China Archives Information on the Web, scroll down for Anhui
China Museums, scroll down for Anhui
Coins Search Coin Archives for Anhwei
Kiangnan Coins 1898-1911, Anhwei Coins 1897-1906, from Numismaticon
Others Historic Postcards from Anhui, Wuhu, from Historical Chinese Postcard Project, 1896-1920

PRINTED REFERENCE
General Accounts C.D. Bruce, The Provinces of China, together with a history of the first year of H.I.M. Hsuan Tung, and an account of the government of China (1910), posted on Internet Archive (includes data of 1913); Anhwei pp.69-74
Th.J. Cochrane, Survey of the missionary occupation of China (1913), posted on Internet Archive, on Anhwei pp.112-126
M. Broomhall, The Chinese empire: a general & missionary survey .. (1907), posted on Internet Archive, on Anhwei pp.139-148
W.E. Geil, Eighteen Capitals of China (1911), posted on Internet Archive, Nanking pp.191-202, Anking pp.203-220
Claudius Madrolle, Northern China, the valley of the Blue River, Korea (1912), posted on Internet Archive, Anhui pp.339-370
N.G. Gee, The educational directory for China; an account of the various schools and colleges connected with Protestant missions (1905), posted on Internet Archive Anhui pp.1, 13, 28, 43, 54, 73, 77