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Literature on the History of East Asia
Guangdong Taiwan
First posted on December 5th 2004, last revised on May 14th 2010

NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

History of the Territory of the Modern Province of Hainan

The territory of Hainan did not belong to the Xia Dynasty (1989-1558), Shang Dynasty (1556-1046 BC), the Zhou Dynasty (1046-221 BC) and the Qin in 225-206. The Western Han (221 BC - 8 AD), expanded, annexing mainland Guangdong, but not Hainan. Xin 8-22 AD and Eastern Han 25-220, Wu (Sun Wu, 222-280) were neighbours of a yet unconquered Hainan. Then Hainan was subject to Western Jin 265-317, Eastern Jin, From c.420 to 581, Fujian was under the Southern Dynasties until Sui (581-618) again reunited China. Sui was followed by Tang (618-907). During the Five Dynasties and 10 States Period, Hainan was under Southern Han (917-971). Fujian was reunited under Northern Song (960-1127). and Southern Song (1127-1279), followed by Yuan (1234-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911). the Republic of China (1911-1949). Since 1949 Hainan forms part of the People's Republic of China.

History of Hainan as a Chinese Province

Under the Sui Dynasty, the territory of Hainan was under the Yang province. Under Tang, Hainan formed part of Lingnan province. Under Northern Song, Hainan was part of Guangnanxi province. Under Southern Song, Guangnanxi province (with Hainan) was maintained. Under Yuan, Hainan formed part of Huguang province. Guangdong Province was established and named early during the Ming Dynasty, and maintained by the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China and People's Republic of China. Hainan was separated from Guangdong, and made a separate province, in 1988. .

Timeline : Hainan

Alternative spellings : Hainan, Ainan

Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles from Wikipedia
Links Hainan Directory, from The World of Hainan
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Timelines click here
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History General from Hainan Directory; from Hainan Discovery; from Wikipedia
List of Current and Former Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Hainan
Hainan Provincial Museum Studies,
Specific Periods Y.L. Yuan, History of the pirates who infested the China Sea from 1807-1810, 1831, GB ; reference to Hainan
J.A. Murray, Culturing revolution : the local Communists of China's Hainan Island, thesis UC San Diego 2011
Politics Concentration Camps Today : Guangdong & Hainan, from ATTAC
Economy & Finances
Social History
Ethnography Articles Li, from Ethnic China
General Description of the Hainan Li Minority, from Global Sanya
Religion Hainan Mission, American Presbyterians, from Ricci Roundtable
Apostolic Prefecture of Hainan, from GCatholic
History of Regions Provinces of China, from www.statoids.com; Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Haikou, from Muztagh, from Wikipedia
G.R. Abbey, Treaty Ports & Extraterritoriality in 1920es China.
Institutions Structurae : Hainan Province
Culture L.J. Chinalai, Dragon Covers - Mysterious Aberrations of the Li, n.d.
Environmental History Indo-Malayan Ecoregion, from WWF
WWF Ecoregions : Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests : Hainan Island
Archaeology M.S. Peng et al., Tracing the legacy of the early Hainan Islanders - a perspective from mitochondrial DNA, BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011, 11:46
D.N. Li et al., Paternal Genetic Structure of Hainan Aborigines Isolated at the Entrance to East Asia, Plos One 2008
D.N. Li et al., Genetic origin of Kadai-speaking Gelong people on Hainan island viewed from Y chromosomes, Journal of Human Genetics (2010) 55, pp.462-468
X. Yang et al., Paleosecular variations since -9000 yr BP as recorded by sediments from maar lake Shuangchiling, Hainan, South China, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 288 (2009) pp.1-9
L. Guo, Neolithic sand bar sites round the Pearl River Estuary area and Hainan, a Comparative Study, Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 15 1996 pp.211-218
Z. Chi et al., The Neolithic of Southern China - Origin, Development, and Dispersal, Asian Perspectives 2008 pp.299-329

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org
Population Figures China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted at Univ. Utrecht
Hainan, from UNESCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Hainan, from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Hainan, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Documents Historical Newspapers The History of Hainan Island, from World History Archives
Historical Newspaper Articles The Island of Hainan, pp.15-16 in vol.21 of The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Miscellany, 1826, GB
The Island of Hainan, pp.344-345 in vol.3 of The Quarterly Oriental Magazine, Review and Register, June 1825, GB
Image Databanks Wikimedia Commons
Archival Deposits
Document Collections Hoi-How, The proposed new treaty port, Island of Hainan, (John Thompson 1873-1874), posted by Seiichiro Yoshizawa
Historical Maps Southeastern China Political, from Albert Herrmann, History and Commercial Atlas of China (1935), posted by huhai.net
Map of Ethnic Groups in China, from IKAP - MMSEA
Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Muturzikin, Asian Linguistic Maps : China
Kiangnanese, Minority Languages in Hainan and Taiwan, comment in Chinese
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Article : Hainan, p.267 in vol.8 of the 1797 edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, GB
Article : Hainan, pp.216-217 in vol.10 of the 1823 edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica, GB
Article Hainan, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Article Hainan, from EB 1911, posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Economic Hainan oder Ainan, pp.625-628 in vol.3 of C.G. Ludovici, Neu eröfnete Academie der Kaufleute, 1798, in German, GB
Geographical Article : Hainan, in : J. Morse, A New Gazetteer of the Eastern Continent , 1808, GB
Hainan, pp.250-251 in J.H. Tuckey, Maritime Geography and Statistics, 1815, GB
Entry : The Kingdom of Hainan, p.523 in : Jedediah Morse et al., The American Universal Geography, 1819, GB
Hainan, p.7 in vol.11 of Penny Cyclopaedia, 1838, GB
Historical The Island of Hainan, pp.234-235 in S. Morewood, A Philosophical and Statistical History of the Inventions and Customs of Ancient and Modern Nations in the Manufacture and Use of Inebriating Liquors, 1838, GB
Parliamentary Debates Hansard (British Parliament)
Travelogues R.J., Diary of a journey overland, through the Maritime Provinces of China from Manchao, on the south coast of Hainan, to Canton in the years 1819 and 1820 (1822), posted on Internet Archive
Institutions Archives UNESCO Archives Portal : State and Regional Archives, China, 12 entries, scroll down for Hainan
Musea Hainan Provincial Museum, from Squidoo

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
International Boundary Studies
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
General Accounts
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries James S. Olson, An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China, Westport CT : Greenwood 1998 [G]

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