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First posted on December 7th 2004, last revised on September 25th 2009

History of the Territory of the Modern Province of Jiangsu

The territory of modern Jiangsu did not belong to the Xia Dynasty (1989-1558), Shang Dynasty (1556-1046 BC). The Zhou Dynasty (1046-221 BC) expanded into Jiangsu. During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-403), Jiangsu was part of Wu; then Wu was conquered by Yue in 473 BC, which was conquered by Chu in 334, which again was conquered by Qin in 225-223. Jiangsu thus was under Qin (223-206) under Western Han (221 BC - 8 AD), Xin 8-22 AD and Eastern Han 25-220. Then Northern Jiangsu was under Cao Wei (220-265), Southern Jiangsu under Wu (222-280). Jiangsu was reunited under Western Jin 265-317. While southern Jiangsu remained under Eastern Jin, northern Jiangsu came under Former Zhao, Later Zhao, Former Yan, Former Qin, then to be conquered by Eastern Jin. From c.420 to 581, Jiangsu was under the Southern Dynasties until Sui (581-618) again reunited China. Sui was followed by Tang (618-907). During the Five Dynasties and 10 States Period, Jiangsu territory was contested by the Five Dynasties and the Kingdom of Wu (renamed Southern Tang). Jiangsu was reunited under Northern Song (960-1127). Then Jiangsu again was divided between Jin (1127-1234) and Southern Song (1127-1279), followed by Yuan (1234-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911), the Republic of China (1911-1949). Since 1949 Jiangsu forms part of the People's Republic of China.

History of the Jiangsu as a Chinese Province

Under the Han Dynasty, the territory of Jiangsu was under the Xu province, under Western Jin northern Jiangsu under Xu, southern Jiangsu under Yang province, an organisation maintained under Sui. Under Tang, Jiangsu was split under Henan (N) and Huainan (S). Under Northern Song, Jiangsu was split under Henan (N), Huainan (C) and Liangnan (S). Under Southern Song, C Jiangsu remained under Huainan, S Jiangsu was under Liangzhexi. Under Yuan, N Jiangsu was part of Henanxiangbei, S Jiangsu part of Jiangzhe. Under early Ming, Jiangsu was part of Nanzhili (Jiangnan) province (Jiangsu + Anhui). Jiangnan was split in Jiangsu and Anhui in 1666. In 1927, Nanjing and Shanghai were granted the status of municipalities.

Timeline : Jiangsu

Students' Papers : Suh, Hee-won: History of Water Management in China (2008)
Students' Papes : Park, HyoSong : Premodern Chinese Food. Chinese Culinary History before the Republic of China (2008)

Country Profiles from Wikipedia
Links, General Category : Jiangsu, from Wikipedia
Links, on History Category : History of Jiangsu, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Historical Maps Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Timelines click here
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History from Wikipedia; scroll down for Hunan
Encyclopedia Entries Article Kiang-Su, Nanking, Su-Chow, from EB 1911
Article Kiangsu, Nanking, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Articles Kiangsu, Kiangnan, Liangkiang, Nanking, Schanghai, Sutschoufu, Tschingkiang, Tsungming, Yang-tscheu-fu, Kaiserkanal, from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno
Ethnography Article Wu Chinese, from Wikipedia
History of Religion Metropolitan Archdiocese of Nanjing, Diocese of Haimen, Diocese of Suzhou, Diocese of Xuzhou, Apostolic Prefecture of Yangzhou, from GCatholic
Article Vicariate Apostolic of Kiang Nan, from Wikipedia
List of Buddhist Temples : China : Jiangsu, from Wikipedia
Ch'in-liang-ssu monastery, (in) Nanching, from Monastic Asia
Mysterious Essence Temple (Xuanmiaoguan) , Suzhou, Temple of Numinous Might (Rugao, Jiangsu), Mt. Mao Daoist Temple (Gourong, Jiangsu), Qianyuan Temple (Gourong, Jiangsu), from General Presentation of Daoism
History of Regions Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
History of Cities Treaty Ports, Foreign Concessions & Colonies in 1920es China, list compiled by Phil Abbey
Category : History of Nanjing, from Wikipedia
Article Suzhou : History from Wikipedia
Deutsche Seewarte, Die wichtigsten Häfen Chinas, 1901
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Jiangsu Province
Article Soochow University, from Wikipedia
Jiangsu Radioi and TV University, from Re Vica
Jiangsu Teacher's University of Technology, from Teach in China
Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, from Wikimapia
Grand Canal, from Wikipedia
Specific Topics Articles Nanjing Massacre,
Bibliography Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Kiangsi, Jiangxi (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)

Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org
Population Statistics China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted by Jan Lahmeyer
Jiangxi, from UNESCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Jiangxi, from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Jiangsu, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Document Collections Search Delcampe Picture Postcards for Kiangsu, Kiang Sou
Search USC Digital Library for Kiangsu, Jiangsu
Archives China Archives Information on the Web, scroll down for Jiangsu
China Museums, scroll down for Jiangsu
Coins Search Coin Archives for Kiangsu
Kiangnan Coins 1898-1911, Kiangsu Coins 1821-1906, from Numismaticon

General Accounts C.D. Bruce, The Provinces of China, together with a history of the first year of H.I.M. Hsuan Tung, and an account of the government of China (1910), posted on Internet Archive (includes data of 1913); Kiangsu pp.75-88
Th.J. Cochrane, Survey of the missionary occupation of China (1913), posted on Internet Archive, on Kiangsu pp.87-111
M. Broomhall, The Chinese empire: a general & missionary survey .. (1907), posted on Internet Archive, on Kiangsu pp.80-92
W.E. Geil, Eighteen Capitals of China (1911), posted on Internet Archive, Soochow pp.158-190
Claudius Madrolle, Northern China, the valley of the Blue River, Korea (1912), posted on Internet Archive, Chiang-su pp.281-338
China Hai guan zong shui wu si shu Reports on Trade at the Treaty Ports (1868), Chenkiang pp.35-40, 1869 pp.35-41, 1871 pp.35-58 posted on Internet Archive
N.G. Gee, The educational directory for China; an account of the various schools and colleges connected with Protestant missions (1905), posted on Internet Archive Kiangsu pp.1, 12, 17-19, 27, 29-34, 48, 55, 62-63, 74, 77, 86, 89-95, 105-107, 116, 125, 126
Historical Dictionaries James S. Olson, An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China, Westport CT : Greenwood 1998 [G]

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