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First posted on October 10th 2009

For later history see Yuan Dynasty 1227-1368, Yunnan

A kingdom established by the merger of a number of smaller kingdoms in 737, centered on Taihe (modern Yunnan). Originally a Tang vassall, from 750 yo 794 a vassall of Tibet. After throwing off the Tibetan yoke, Nanzhao pursued a policy of expansion, culminating in the taking of Chengdu in 829. By 873 the conquests in Sichuan had been retaken by Tang. The dynasty of Nanzhao was toppled in 902; in 937 Nanzhao was succeeded by the Kingdom of Dali (named after the new capital of Dali, although this kingdom often is also referred to as Nanzhao).
In 1095 a usurper renamed the kingdom Dazhong. After his death, the previous dynasty resumed control. The 11th king introduced Buddhism as state religion. In 1253 the Mongols conquered Nanzhao; in 1274 they established the province of Yunnan, belonging to the Yuan Dynasty.

The population of Nanzhao consisted of a number of peoples, most importantly the Yi (Lolo), the Bai. The Mongol invasions caused a massive population exodus; the Miao/Hmong for a period have lived in Nanzhao, the Thai trace their origins to Nanzhao.

Country Profiles Articles Kingdom of Nanzhao, Kingdom of Dali, from Wikipedia
Links, on History Category : History of Yunnan, from Wikipedia
Historical Maps Links, from Univ. Oregon, Asian Studies
Albert Herrmann, History and Commercial Atlas of China (1935), posted by huhai.net
Maps : Asia 800 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 900 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1000 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1025 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1100 AD, Eastern Hemisphere 1200 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Sichuan & Nanzhao Plateau, from Asian Linguistic Maps
Map of Nanzhao, Song, Jin, Kara-Khitan, from China Reference, in Chinese
Timelines Timeline of SW China, from Haiwei Travels
Accounts of History Articles Kingdom of Nanzhao, Kingdom of Dali, from Wikipedia
History of Nan Zhao, by Charles Kimball
Nanzhao State and Dali State, from dali.gov.cn
Economy & Finances
Ethnography Sichuan & Nanzhao Plateau, from Asian Linguistic Maps
Article Yi People, Bai People, from Wikipedia
The Role of Nanzhao History in the Formation of Bai Identity, by Yuqing Yang
Articles : Miao People : Nanzhao, Nanman, from Wikipedia
History of Cities History of Dali, from Dalisanta
Others History of Chinese Buddhist Art, Lecture 11 : Nanzhao, Lecture 12 : Nanzhao - Dali, by J.C. Huntingdon

Lists of Statesmen Kings of Nan Chao, from Regnal Chronologies
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