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First posted on December 10th 2004, last revised on October 27th 2009







History of the Territory of the Modern Province of Shaanxi

Southern Shaanxi was under the Xia Dynasty (1989-1558 BC), which was followed by the Shang Dynasty (1558-1046 BC) and the Zhou Dynasty (1046-220 BC). After the sack of Xi'an in 771, the Zhou Dynasty disintegrated (Spring and Autumn period 770-403, Warring States period 403-220), Shaanxi came under Qin, which by 221 BC by the way of conquest reunified China (221-206), it was followed by Western Han (206 BC - 8 AD), Xin (8-22) and Eastern Jin. From 220 to 265, Shaanxi belonged to Cao Wei, from 265 to 317 to Western Jin, then to Former Zhao (318-329 ) Later Zhao (329-353), Former Qin (351-394), Later Qin, then northern Shaanxi was conquered by Xia. Shaanxi then was conquered by Northern Wei and when the latter split came under Western Wei, then under Northern Zhou, before China was reunired by Sui (581-618), followed by Tang (618-907). Then southern Shaanxi fell under Dingnan, northern Shaanxi under Jin, which was conquered by Later Liang and Liao. Then southern Shaanxi remained under Dingnan, while northern Shaanxi was under Northern Han. Then China was reunited under Northern Song (960-1127); then Shaanxi came under Jin 1127-1234, which was annexed by Yuan 1234-1368. Shaanxi then came under Ming 1368-1644 and Qing 1644-1911.
During the Republic of China 1911-1949, Shaanxi saw frequent change of governments. In 1935 the Communists, after the Long March, established the Shaanxi Soviet, capital Yan'an (Yenan). Since 1949, Shaanxi forms part of the People's Republic of China

History of the Shaanxi as a Chinese Province

Under the Han Dynasty, southern Shaanxi formed part of Sili province, northern Shaanxi of Bing province. Under Western Jin, southern Shaanxi was under Han province, central Shaanxi under Yong province. Under Sui, all of Shaanxi was part of Yong province. Under Tang, the territory of Shaanxi largely was covered by Guannei province, stretches in the very south under Jingji province. Under Northern Song, most of Shaanxi was under Yong province, the very south under Li province. Under Jin, western Shaanxi was under Fengxiang province, northern Shaanxi under Fuyan province, central Shaanxi under Jingzhaofu. Under the Yuan Dynasty, Shaanxi was a separate province by that name. Under early Ming, the province of Shaanxi was annexed into Gansu Province, but later again split from it. it remained a province under Qing, the Republic of China and the People's Republic of China.

Timeline : Shaanxi






DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Wikipedia
Links, General Category : Shaanxi, from Wikipedia
Links, on History Category : History of Shaanxi, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Historical Maps Northeastern China Political, from Albert Herrmann, History and Commercial Atlas of China (1935), posted by huhai.net
Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Timelines click here
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History from Wikipedia
List of Current and Former Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Shaanxi
Brief Introduction of Shaanxi : History, from Shaanxi Chamber of Commerce
Encyclopedia Entries Article Shen-Si, Si-Gan-Fu, from EB 1911
Article Schensi, from Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German, posted by Zeno
Article Schensi, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Article Schensi, from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno
Politics Concentration Camps Today : Shanxi and Shaanxi, from ATTAC
Ethnography Abstract : An Analysis of the Shaanxi Emigrants during the Famine in 1928-1930, from en.cnki.com.cn
Abstract : Government Macro-Planning and Local Urbanization-The First F ive-Year Plan,the Third Front and Urbanization in Shanxi, from en.cnki.com.cn
Article Rong People, from Wikipedia
History of Religion Diocese of Fengxiang, Diocese of Hanzhong, Apostolic Prefecture of Lintong, Diocese of Sanyuan, Apostolic Prefecture of Tongzhou, Metropolitan Archdiocese of Xi'an, Diocese of Yan'an, Diocese of Zhouzhi, from GCatholic
List of Buddhist Temples : Shaanxi, from Wikipedia
Famen Monastery, Hua-yen monastery, (near) Xi'an, Nan-shan Mt. monastery, Xingjiao monastery, (near) Xi'an, from Monastic Asia
The Louguan Temple, from People's Government of Shaanxi Peovince
Golden Platform Temple (Baoji, Shaanxi) , Eight Immortals Temple (Baxiangong) , Xi'an, Supreme Harmony Temple (Yan'an, Shanxi), White Cloud Temple in White Cloud Mountain (Jia County, Shaanxi), Venerable Grandma's Temple on Mt. Li (Lintong County, XiĄŻan city, Shaanxi), Zhang Liang Temple (Liuba County, Shaanxi), from General Presentation of Daoism
Xian Great Mosque, from Travel China Guide
History of Regions Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
History of Cities Xi'an in History, from Paul Noll; Article Xi'an, from Wikipedia; History of Xian, rom Muztagh
Article Yan'an, from Infoplease
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Shaanxi Province
Article Shaanxi Normal University, from Wikipedia
Specific Topics The Regional Discrepancy of the Folk Customs in Shaanxi during Qing Dynasty, summary of Chinese language article posted on Shvoong
Brief Introduction of Shaanxi : Culture, from Shaanxi Chamber of Commerce
History of CCPIT Shaanxi, from Shaanxi Chamber of Commerce
Joseph W. Esherick, Xi'an Spring (on pro-democracy movement 1989) 1991
Bibliography Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Shansi, Shaanxi (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org
Population Figures China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted at Univ. Utrecht
Shaanxi, from UNESCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Shaanxi, from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Shaanxi, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Document Collections Search USC Digital Library for Shensi, Shaanxi
Archives China Archives Information on the Web, scroll down for Shaanxi
China Museums, scroll down for Shaanxi
Coins Search Coin Archives for Shensi
Shensi Coins 1821-1928, from Numismaticon

PRINTED REFERENCE
General Accounts C.D. Bruce, The Provinces of China, together with a history of the first year of H.I.M. Hsuan Tung, and an account of the government of China (1910), posted on Internet Archive (includes data of 1913); Shensi pp.9-14
Th.J. Cochrane, Survey of the missionary occupation of China (1913), posted on Internet Archive, on Shensi pp.227-236
E.F. Borst-Smith, Mandarin & missionary in Cathay; the story of twelve years' strenuous missionary work during stirring times mainly spent in Yenanfu, a prefectural city of Shensi, North China (1917), posted on Internet Archive
M. Broomhall, The Chinese empire: a general & missionary survey .. (1907), posted on Internet Archive, on Shensi pp.198-208
W.E. Geil, Eighteen Capitals of China (1911), posted on Internet Archive, Sian pp.320-349
N.G. Gee, The educational directory for China; an account of the various schools and colleges connected with Protestant missions (1905), posted on Internet Archive Shensi pp.52, 66, 115