History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

East Asia . Roof of Asia . Central Eurasia
Qinghai
First posted on December 3rd 2004, last revised on February 3rd 2014






NARRATIVE . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources



Students' Paper : Son, Bo Kyung, The History of Persecution of the Buddhist Faith (2011)






Narrative . References : ONLINE SECONDARY SOURCES . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles modern from Wikipedia
historical F. Grenard, Tibet (1904), IA
A.H. Savage Landor, Tibet & Nepal (1905), IA
F. Younghusband, India and Tibet (1910), IA
F.B. Shelton, Shelton of Tibet (1923), IA
Th. H. Holdich, Tibet, the Mysterious (1906), IA
S.A. Hedin, Central Asia and Tibet (1903), IA
M.S. Wellby, Through Unknown Tibet (1898), IA
W.J. Ottley, With Mounted Infantry in Tibet (1906), IA
P. Landon, Lhasa: An Account of the Country and People of Central Tibet .. (1905), IA
C.A. Sherring, Western Tibet and the British borderland; the sacred country of Hindus and Buddhists(1906), IA
P. Millington, To Lhassa at last (1905), IA
E. Candler, The Unveiling of Lhasa (1905), IA
I.L. Byrd, Among the Tibetans (1894), IA
Links General from Virtual Library Tibetan Studies; from World Bridges, from Tibet on the Web, from Khawakarpo
Asia Portal : Tibet
Category : Tibet, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Tibet, from Wikipedia
Organizations Case Western Reserve University, The Center for Research on Tibet
International Association for Tibetan Studies
Tibet Heritage Fund
Societe Europeenne pour l'Etude des Civilisations de l'Himalaya et de l'Asie Centrale
Tibetan-Mongolian Rare Books & Manuscripts Project
Tibetan Mongolian Museum Society
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Timelines see here
Chronologie Tibet, from Clio, in French
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History from Wikipedia; from T.T. Moh; from Travel China Guide; from Lonely Planet
List of Current and Former Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Tibet
Specific Periods Article : Tibet during the Ming Dynasty, from Wikipedia
The History of Tibet : Tang Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, from China Daily
F. Moraes, The Revolt in Tibet (1960), IA
J. Bacot, Le Tibet Revolte (1912) in French, IA
P. Landon, The opening of Tibet; an account of Lhasa and the country and people of central Tibet (1905), IA
Historiography L.W.J. van der Kuijp, Tibetan Historiography , Tibetan Literature: Studies in Genre, pp.39-56
J.A. Duncan, American Journalism and the Tibet Question, 1950-1959, thesis Iowa State 2011
D. Hirshberg, Delivering the Lotus-Born: Historiography in the Tibetan Renaissance, thesis Harvard 2012; "Tibetan Renaissance" refers to the 12th century
Article : Old Tibetan Chronicle, Wikipedia
Article : Tibetan Annals, Wikipedia
B.J. Cuevas, Some Reflections on the Periodization of Tibetan History, Revue d'Etudes Tibetaines vol.10 2002 pp.44-55
Politics Tibetan Studies - Tibetan Politics, from Virtual Library Tibet
Concentration Camps Today : Tibet, from ATTAC
Category : Subdivisions of Tibet, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of Tibet, from ACED
United Kingdom : Tibet Medal 1903-1904, from ODM
Brief Introduction of Chushi Gangdrug Defend Tibet Volunteer Force and Welfare Society of Central Dhokham Chushi Gangdrug of Tibet
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Tibet
Tibet's Economy, from Asian Info
China's Tibet : Economy 2002
Trade Key, search for Tibet
Ancient Tea-Horse Road, from TuoCha Tea
Yuan Fuquan, The "Ancient Tea and Horse Caravan Road", the "Silk Road of Southwest China", in : Silk Road Newsletter 2004
China's Ancient Tea-Horse-Road in Historical Perspective, from CPA Media
Social History
Ethnography Assessment for Tibetans in China, from Minorities at Risk
Articles Lhoba, Tibetan, from Ethnic China
The Chinese Empire : Tibet, pp.579-582 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Tibet, pp.4889-4924 in vol.7A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Bon Religion in Tibet, from Travel China Guide
Tibetan Religion (links), from Virtual Library Tibetan Studies
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : China, posted by Kirken i Norge
Historical Sketch of the Muslims in Tibet, from The Berzin Archives
L.A. Waddell, The Buddhism of Tibet (1895), IA
E.V. Huc, Christianity in China, Tartary and Thibet 1858, GB
History of Regions Ptrovinces of China, Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
Article Amdo, from Wikipedia
Article : Guge, from Wikipedia
Local History History of Lhasa, from Wikipedia
Treaty Ports, Foreign Concessions & Colonies in 1920es China, list compiled by Phil Abbey
Institutions Article Potala Palace, from Wikipedia
Article Qingzang Railway, from Wikipedia
Article Chinese Language Radio Stations, from Wikipedia, scroll down for Lhasa Radio
Structurae : Tibet
Culture
Biographies Article Dalai Lama, from Wikipedia
Article Panchen Lama, from Wikipedia
Environmental History Patrick T. Hughes, Environmental Degradation in the Tibetan Autonomous Region, ICE Cases 2006
A.A.A. Kinloch, Large game shooting in Thibet and the north west 1869, GB
Others History of Relations between Tibet and China, from Tibet Facts
H.E. Richardson, A Ch'ing Missive to Tibet, in Asia Major vol.18 pt.1 1973
Goldstein, Melvyn C., The Snow Lion and the Dragon: China, Tibet, and the Dalai Lama. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
Sanderson Beck, Tibet, Nepal and Ceylon 1800-1950
Islam & Tibet Cultural Interactions (8th-17th Centuries)

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED PRIMARY SOURCES
Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
Article Dalai Lama, from Wikipedia
Article Panchen Lama, from Wikipedia
from Rulers (B. Schemmel), China entry, scroll down for Tibet; China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org, scroll down for Xizang; from Regnal Chronologies
Statistical Data China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted by Jan Lahmeyer
Tibet, from UNEASCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Xizang (Tibet), from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Tibet, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques ICON, International Coalition on Newspapers, Newspaper Digitization Projects, scroll down for Thailand
Modern Newspapers News, Electronic Newsletters and Journals, links from Virtual Library Tibetan Studies
Tibet Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks
Documentaries Search Internet Archive's Moving Image Archive for Tibet
Image Databanks The Tibet Album. British Photography in Central Tibet, 1920-1950
American Geographical Society Library : Tibet
Contemporary Views of Central Asia (late 1970s-early 1980s)
China Underground : 40 Rare Images of Old Tibet, 1940s
Tibet Visual History Online, at Oxford Univ.
Heading East. Tibet 1942, photos
Archival Deposits
Laws 1991 Constitution (Exile Govt.), from ICL
Legal Materials on Tibet, posted by Tibet Justice Center
Document Collections British Intelligence Reports on China in Tibet, 1903-1950, published by IDC Publishers
Individual Documents
Historical Maps collections : Asia Historical Map Archive : Historical Maps of Asia
information J.E. Schwartzberg, Cartography in Greater Tibet, in J.B. Harley and D. Woodward (ed.), Cartography in the Traditional East and Southeast Asian Societies, vol.2 : Cartography in Korea, Japan and Vietnam, Chicago UP 1994
collections : Tibet Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Tibet
Atlas of Tibet, from Wikimedia Commons
Tibet Album : Maps of Tibet
Tibet Maps : Tibet Old Maps
Maps, posted by Richard Sharp
from Tibet Map Institute; from Access Tibet Tour
Geographical and Historical Maps of Eastern Tibet, from TEW
Maps of monasteries in Tibet, 1902, posted by PCL, UTexas, scroll down for Tibet, 3 maps
Digital Himalayas : Himalayan Map Collection
Tibetan and Himalayan Library : Tibetan and Himalayan Maps
Asia, Historical Maps : Eastern Hemisphere 550 B.C., 527 BC, 500 BC, 400 BC, 335 BC, 323 BC, 300 BC, 200 BC, 100 BC, 050 BC, 050 AD, 200 AD, 300 AD, 400 AD, 450 AD, 565 AD, 600 AD, 610 AD, 900 AD, 1000 AD, 1025 AD, 1100 AD, 1200 AD, 1300 AD, 1400 AD, 1500 AD, Asia 700 AD, 800 AD, by Thomas Lessman
Asia, Historical Asia : Güssefeld/Homann 1793, Güssefeld/Homann 1805, Schmidt/Schropp 1820, Herisson 1848, GDZ
Asia 1892, PCL, UTexas
Tibet, Modern Tibet, from Asian Linguistic Maps
Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Map of Ming Dynasty (in Chinese), from History of China
Map of Qing Dynasty (in Chinese), from Cultural China
Map of Qing Dynasty 1616 [!], Qing Dynasty 1757, Qing Dynasty 1911, from Wikipedia Chinese edition
History of China, has Chinese language maps per dynasty; most of them feature Tibet
Map : Tibet : [historical] Provinces, from Wikipedia
Tibet, Contemporary Tibet 1888, 1906, 1932, 1938, from Probert Encyclopedia
Sino-Tibetan States C7-C11, from History on Maps
Detail, Modern
Detail, Contemporary
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Tibet, Lhasa, Shigatse, Gartok, Yatung, Chumbi Valley, Gyantse, from EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, IA-WM
Articles Tibet, Lhassa, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Articles Tibet, Lhassa, from Brockhaus Konversationslexikon 1894-1896, in German
Religious from Catholic Encyclopedia (of 1907)
Economical Handel von Lassa oder Boutan, pp.98-99, in : Friedrich Ludwig Langstedt, Geschichte des asiatischen Handels, 1803, in German, GB
Geographical Royaume de Thibethe, pp.871-872 in P. d'Avity, Le Monde, ou la Description generale de ses quatre parties, 1643, in French, GB
Thibet, in J. Walker, The Universal Gazetteer, 1795, GB
Thibet, pp.1045-1052 in H. Murray, An Encyclopaedia of Geography 1834, GB
Tibet, pp.101-111 in R. Brown, The Countries of the World 1892, IA
Ethnological Thibet pp.170-173 in S. Morewood, A Philosophical and Statistical History of the Inventions and Customs of Ancient and Modern Nations in the Manufacture and Use of Inebriating Liquors, 1838, GB
The Tibetans pp.188-192 in A.H. Keane, The World's Peoples: A Popular Account of Their Bodily & Mental Characters , 1908, GB
Travelogues E.R. Huc, Travels in Tartary, Thibet and China, during the years 1844-5-6, vol.1, vol.2, GB
Mrs. Hervey, The adventures of a lady in Tartary, Thibet, China, & Kashmir, 1853, GB
W.H. Knight, Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet, 1863, GB
G. Bogle, Narratives of the Mission of George Bogle to Tibet .. (1876), IA
H. Bower, Diary of a Journey across Tibet (1894), IA
S.Ch. Das, Journey to Lhasa and Central Tibet (1902), IA
S.A. Hedin, Adventures in Tibet (1904), IA
P. Goullart, Land of the Lamas, Adventures in Secret Tibet (1959), IA
E. Teichman, Travels of a consular officer in Eastern Tibet; together with a history of the relations between China, Tibet and India (1922), IA
Institutions Archives Libraries, Archives : Tibet, from Portals of the World
Musea
Monuments
Libraries
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Emblem, from Tibetan Government in Exile
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Tibet, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money; from Zeno
Tibetan Coins, commercial site; from Zeno
Search Coin Archives for Tibet
Stamps Stamps of Independent Tibet, posted by Tibetan Government in Exile

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND PRINT SOURCES
Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies Catalogue of Tibetan Studies, from china.org, has several entries on Tibetans in Qinghai (books in English)
Transoxiana
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on Central Asia
Dan Martin, Bon Bibliography. An Annotated List of Recent Publications
Tibet : History, Religion and Modern Politics, Bibliography from University of Maine, Farmington
Islam and Tibet, Thematic Bibliography, from Islam & Tibet Cultural Interactions; Bibliography on Islam in Tibet, from Benzin Archives
Research on Tibetan Languages : A Bibliography, from Wikipedia
Tibet Maps Bibliography, from Save Tibet
Books on Tibet, from Orchid Press
Ch.16 : Scriptores de rebus Tibetanis et Coreanis, pp.101-106 in vol.2.2 of Struve/Meusel, Bibliotheca Historica 1786, GB
Tibet Bibliography, by Richard Sharp
New Asia Books : Tibet
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; International Boundary Studies, search for Laos
Gallica
on Tibet The Tibetan & Himalayan Library
Thesis Server Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) : China
Dissertation Reviews : Inner/Central Asia + Tibetan-Himalayan
Online Journals
General Listings Directory of Open Access Journals
on Tibet The Tibet Journal
Himalaya. The Journal for Nepalese and Himalayan Studies (Himalayan Research Bulletin of the Nepal Studies Association) 1980-
Digital Himalaya : Bulletin of Tibetology 1964-2004
Digital Himalaya : Journal of the Tibet Society 1981-1988
Digital Himalaya : Journal of the International Association for Bon Research 2013
Digital Himalaya : Revue d'Etudes Tibetaines 2002-2013
Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies
J.V. Bellezza, Flight of the Khyung. Tibet Archaeology 2006-
General Accounts History of Tibet, pp.209-212 in : Article China, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, Macropaedia, 15th edition, Vol.16, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h
Jin Hui et al. (ed.), Social History of Tibet, China, Beijing : China Intercontinental Press 1995 [G]
Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, Tibet : A Political History, NY : Potala Publications (1967) 1984 [G]
David L. Snellgrove, Hugh Richardson, A Cultural History of Tibet, Bangkok : Orchid Press 2003 [G]
Patricia Levy, Don Bosco, Cultures of the World : Tibet, NY : Marshall Cavendish Benchmark (1996) 2007 [G]
Melvyn C. Goldstein, A History of Modern Tibet. The Demise of the Lamaist State 1913-1951, Berkeley : University of California Press 1989, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 951.5 G624h
Specific Topics
Historical Dictionaries James S. Olson, An Ethnohistorical Dictionary of China, Westport CT : Greenwood 1998 [G]
Others The Far Frontiers pp.507-523, in : John Gunther, Inside Asia, 1942 War Edition, NY : Harper & Brothers (1938) 1942
William Henry Knight, Diary of a Pedestrian in Cashmere and Thibet (1863), posted online by Gutenberg Library Online
Fl.B. Shelton, Sunshine and shadow on the Tibetan border (1912), IA
Yearbooks Article : Tibet, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 p.695, 1945 p.695, 1946 p.733, 1947 pp.753-754, 1948 p.729, 1949 p.626, 1950 pp.673-674, 1952 p.680, 1953 pp.688-689, 1954 p.689, 1955 p.741, 1956 pp.678-679, 1958 pp.682-683, 1959 p.681, 1960 pp.680-681, 1961 p.680, 1962 p.675 [G]
Article : China - Tibet, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1918 pp.762-764, 1919 pp.759-761, 1924 pp.754-756, 1925 pp.765-767, 1926 pp.742-744, 1928 pp.753-754, 1929 pp.746-747, 1932 pp.751-752, 1937 pp.787-788, 794, 1943 pp.784-785 [G]
Article : China, Tibet, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 p.808, 1975-1976 pp.819-820, 1980-1981 pp.337-338, 1983-1984 pp.347-348, 1985-1988 pp.347-348, 1987-1988 pp.351-352, 1989-1990 pp.356-357, 1990-1991 p.356, 1991-1992 p.356, 1992-1993 p.357, 1993-1994 pp.356-357, 1994-1995 p.348, 1995-1996 pp.335-336, 1996-1997 pp.346-347, 1997-1998 pp.349-350, 1998-1999 p.385, 2000 p.444, 2001 pp.430-431, 2002 pp.447-448, 2003 pp.446-447, 2004 pp.447-448, 2005 pp.443-444 [G]
Article : Tibet, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.827, 1928 p.756, 1930 pp.745-746, 1931 p.742, 1932 p.690, 1933 p.744, 1934 p.575, 1935 p.694, 1936 p.705, 1937 p.680, 1943 pp.704-705, 1944 p.681, 1945 p.696, 1946 p.718-719, 1947 p.701, 1957 pp.731-732, 1961 pp.760-761, 1962 pp.767-768, 1963 p.681, 1964 p.663 [G]
Article : Thibet, in : International Year Book 1898 p.775 [G]