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First posted on December 8th 2004, last revised on September 25th 2009







History of the Territory of the Modern Province of Zhejiang

The territory of Zhejiang did not belong to the Xia Dynasty (1989-1558), Shang Dynasty (1556-1046 BC). The Zhou Dynasty (1046-221 BC) expanded into Zhejiang. During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-403), the territory of modern Zhejiang first was divided among Wu (N) and Yue (S); then Wu was conquered by Yue in 473 BC, which was conquered by Chu in 334, which again was conquered by Qin in 225-223. Zhejiang thus was under Qin (223-206) under Western Han (221 BC - 8 AD), Xin 8-22 AD and Eastern Han 25-220. Then Zhejiang was under Wu (Sun Wu, 222-280), Western Jin 265-317, Eastern Jin, From c.420 to 581, Zhejiang was under the Southern Dynasties until Sui (581-618) again reunited China. Sui was followed by Tang (618-907). During the Five Dynasties and 10 States Period, Zhejiang territory was contested by the Wuyue and the Kingdom of Wu (renamed Southern Tang). Zhejiang was reunited under Northern Song (960-1127). and Southern Song (1127-1279), followed by Yuan (1234-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911), the Republic of China (1911-1949). Since 1949 Zhejiang forms part of the People's Republic of China.

History of the Zhejiang as a Chinese Province

Under the Han Dynasty, the territory of Zhejiang was under the Yang province, under Western Jin under Yang province, an organisation maintained under Sui. Under Tang, Zhejiang formed part of Jiangnan province. Under Northern Song, Zhejiang was part of Liangzhe province. Under Southern Song, Zhejiang was split in Liangzhedong and Liangzhexi. Under Yuan, Zhejiang was part of Jiangzhe. Under early Ming, Zhejiang province was established; it was maintained under Qing, the Republic of China and the PRC.

Timeline : Zhejiang






DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Wikipedia
Links, General Category : Zhejiang, from Wikipedia
Links, on History Category : History of Zhejiang, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionary Encyclopedia of China, from Jongo Knows
Historical Maps Southeastern China Political, from Albert Herrmann, History and Commercial Atlas of China (1935), posted by huhai.net
Map : Languages of China, from Titus
Timelines click here
History of the Administrative Divisions of China, Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia
Accounts of History from Wikipedia
List of Current and Former Capitals of Subnational Entities of China, from Wikipedia; scroll down for Zhejiang
Encyclopedia Entries Article Cheh-Kiang, Hu-Chow-Fu, Hang-Chow-Fu, Ning-Po from EB 1911
Article Tschekiang, Wentschou, Hangtschou, Ningpo, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German, posted by Retro Bibliothek
Article Tschekiang, Hangtschou, Ningpo, from Meyers Grosses Konversationslexikon 1902-1909, in German, posted by Zeno
Politics Concentration Camps Today : Central Coast, from ATTAC
Economy Provincial Profiles of Tea in China : Zhejiang Province, from the Free Library
Ethnography, Social History Articles She, from Ethnic China
Esherick, Joseph W., and Mary Backus Rankin, editors Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance., Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
History of Religion Metropolitan Archdiocese of Hangzhou, Diocese of Lishui, Diocese of Ningbo, Diocese of Taizhou, Diocese of Yongjia, from GCatholic
List of Buddhist Temples : China : Zhejiang, from Wikipedia
Ching-tz'u Pao-en-kuang-hsiao monastery, (near) Hangzhou, Shuang-lin monastery, from Monastic Asia
History of Regions Prefectures of China, from www.statoids.com
History of Cities Treaty Ports, Foreign Concessions & Colonies in 1920es China, list compiled by Phil Abbey
Article Hangzhou, from Wikipedia
Article Ningbo, rom Wikipedia
Deutsche Seewarte, Die wichtigsten Häfen Chinas, 1901
Structures, Institutions Structurae : Zhejiang
Zhejiang University Tea Research Institute, history
Culture Culture & Arts : Historical Achievements, from The People's Government of Zhejiang Province
Bibliography Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Chekiang, Zhejiang (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Others Keith Forster, The Popular Protests in Hangzhou, 1991

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen Provinces and administrative divisions of China, from World Statesmen
China Administrative Divisions, from rulers.org
Population Statistics China, historical population statistics by province, from Population Statistics, posted by Jan Lahmeyer
Zhejiang, from UNESCAP Chinadata
City Populations : China - Zhejiang, from City Population
PRC, Abortions and Live Births by Region, Historical Data, from Johnston's Archive
Zhejiang, from Database of the Basic Conditions of Family Planning Programme at CIPRC (Text on Demography, 1999)
Document Collections China Zhejiang News, from Inside China Today
Zhejiang Article Archives, by Keepmedia
Search USC Digital Library for Chekiang, Zhejiang
Archives China Archives Information on the Web, scroll down for Zhejiang
China Museums, scroll down for Zhejiang
Zhejiang Provincial Archives
Coins Search Coin Archives for Chekiang
Chakiang [!] 1820-1924, from Numismaticon
Others Historic Postcards from Zhejiang, Ningbo, Hangzhou, from Historical Chinese Postcard Project, 1896-1920

PRINTED REFERENCE
General Accounts C.D. Bruce, The Provinces of China, together with a history of the first year of H.I.M. Hsuan Tung, and an account of the government of China (1910), posted on Internet Archive (includes data of 1913); Chekiang pp.129-134
Th.J. Cochrane, Survey of the missionary occupation of China (1913), posted on Internet Archive, on Chekiang pp.68-86
M. Broomhall, The Chinese empire: a general & missionary survey .. (1907), posted on Internet Archive, on Chekiang pp.73-79
A.E. Moule, G.E. Moule, The story of the Cheh-kiang mission of the Church Missionary Society (1878), posted on Internet Archive
W.E. Geil, Eighteen Capitals of China (1911), posted on Internet Archive, Hangchow pp.1-39
China Hai guan zong shui wu si shu Reports on Trade at the Treaty Ports (1868), Ningpo pp.41-44, 1869 pp.43-59, 1871 pp.58-65 posted on Internet Archive
N.G. Gee, The educational directory for China; an account of the various schools and colleges connected with Protestant missions (1905), posted on Internet Archive Chehkiang pp.2-3, 13-15, 26-27, 43-45, 57-59, 72-73, 75, 88