Adal - 19th Century Encyclopedia Entries

Herder 1854-1858, Pierer 1857-1865, Nordisk Familjebok 1876, Meyer 1885-1892, Nordisk Familjebok 1904,

Herders Conversations-Lexikon 1854-1858, Article : Adel
Adel or Zeila, coastal land in eastern Africa, borders on Ajan, the Galla lands and the Red Sea, the coast is infertile, the interior mountainous and fertile. The inhabitants, the Somaulis, Muslims, a people mixed of Arabs and Negroes, engage much in trade, and occasionally in piracy. Cities : Borbora, Zeila, Aussa.
source in German, posted by Zeno

Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, Article : Adel (2)
Adel and Adaiel, coastal stretches in East Africa, bordering on Ajan, the Galla countries and the Arabian Sea, has the Bays of Zeila and of Negro, Cape Felix, is mountainous in the interior (Elmas), fertile, produces grain, cattle, elephants, bees, at the coast sandy and arid, only known from older sources. In Adaiel there is a city Haussa on the river Harusch, in Adel (Szomal, Zeila, land of the Somauli) Zeila, not far from the Bab el Mandeb, a lot of trade; Berbera, on the sea, trade city, Anxa (Aussa, Aucca), residence, the inhabitants (Somauli), a misture between Arabs and Negroes, are well-built, spread over a wide area, conduct in trade and piracy.
source in German, posted by Zeno

Nordisk Familjebok 1876-1899, Article : Adal (1876)
Adal or Adel, arid coastal landscape in eastern Africa on the Bay of Aden, near the important port city Tadjurra. The inhabitants (Adail, plural of the peopler's name Adeli) form a branch of the Danakil, and are fanatic Muslims.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyers Konversations-Lexikon 1885-1892, Article : Adal
Adal (Adel), the Arab name of a part of the East African coastal landscape from the Bab el Mandeb to the Gulf of Tadjoura, to which in a wider sense also the Samhara, located south of the Red Sea, is counted. Westward Adal stretches beyond the Hawasch, toward the south until the land of the Somal and Harar. The coast, into which the Bay of Tadjoura cuts, providing an excellent roadsted, is sandy and arid. The interior presents rugged, torn volcanic mountains and extinct volcanos (among them the 1000 m high Aiullo), interrupting desert plains and a few fertile lengthy valleys rich in grass. Lake Assal, 15 km long and 173 m below sea level, is located near the Gulf of Tadjoura; here significant quantities of salt are produced, for the trade with Abyssinia. The vegetation here is very poor; myrrh thrives here. he fauna is the same as in Abyssinia. The inhabitants, the Adal or Adaiel, are a tribe of the rapacious Muslim Danakil, who roam the country as nomadising herdsmen and who make the caravan route to Shoa unsafe. Among the places of this landscape, which does not form a political unit, as the single Danakil tribes are independent of each other, Aussa in the interior is regarded the main place. The most important port is Tadjoura. To the north is located Obock, a port on the Gulf of Tadjoura which the French constructed since 1862, and Assab, Italian since 1869. See Paulitschke, Die geografische Erforschung der Adalländer, Leipzig 1884
source in German, posted by Zeno

Nordisk Familjebok 1904-1926, Article : Adal (1904)
Adal or Adel, arid coastal landscape in eastern Africa, on he Bay of Tadjoura, protruding from the Bay of Aden. Here are located the port cities of Sagallo, Tadjoura and Obok on he northern, and Djibouti on the souhern coast of the bay. Already in 1855 the area was occupied by the French, but only later has gained importance as a port region for Abyssinia. The area of the French colony is 120,000 square km; estimates of the population range between 50,000 and 200,000. The inhabitants, the Adail (plural of Adeli, the name of the people) form a branch of the Danakil and are fanatic Muslims.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg


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First posted on May 14th 2009

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