First posted on December 16th 2012, last revised on October 1st 2013






Literature on the History of East Africa

Relevant Institutions : Digital Libraries :
African Digital Repositories Support Network (ADLSN) : Digital Repositories in Ethiopia, Kenya
Bibliotheque numerique. Des documents sur Madagascar sur le net; listing of digital libraries relevant for Madagascar
Bibliotheque Malgache Electronique Gratuit
Fonds Patrimoniaux de l'Ocean Indien : Fonds Iarivo, Bibliotheque Numerique Mauritiana
Digital Public Library of America, Gallica
Memoria d'Africa e d'Oriente, Biblioteca digital

Relevant Institutions : Hemerotheques (Digital Newspaper Archives) :
ICON: International Coalition on Newspapers, Newspaper digitization projects, scroll down for Tanzania
Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Zeitung 1899-1916, Univ. Frankfurt
Bulletin officiel du Ministere des colonies 1894-1921, 1925, Gallica
Journal officiel de Madagascar et dependances, 1896-1901, 1903-1904, 1907-1914, 1916-1917, 1919-1922, 1926-1930, 1932-1935, 1937-1939, 1941-1951, 1953-1956, 1958, Gallica

Relevant Institutions : Archives :
National Archives of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, Somaliland, Tanzania
National Archives of former Colonial Powers : National Archives (Belgium), Archives Nationales d'Outremer (France), Bundesarchiv (Germany), Archivio Centrale delle Stato (Italy), Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal), National Archives (UK)
Vatican Secret Archives
Endangered Archives Programme, Collections, scroll down for Eastern Africa; EAP099: records of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania in Moshi, Tanzania; EAP254: historical literary heritage of Tigray, Ethiopia: the library of Romanat Qeddus Mika'el, EAP286: Ethiopian manuscripts at the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, EAP336: lay bet andemta: the Ethiopian intellectual legacy on the verge of extinction, EAP340: manuscript collection in the monastic church of Ewostatewos at Däbrä Särabi (Tigray, Ethiopia), EAP357: Identifying endangered monastic collections in the Säharti and Enderta regions of Tigray (Ethiopia), EAP401: Safeguarding the Ethiopian Islamic heritage; EAP402: 'PEACH' - preserving East African co-operative heritage, EAP433: Digitisation of the national sound archives of the Union of Comoros, EAP466: The manuscripts of the Riyadh Mosque of Lamu, Kenya, EAP526: Digitisation of the endangered monastic archive at May Wäyni (Tigray, Ethiopia), EAP561: Listing and digitisation of the land administration archives of imperial Ethiopia, EAP602: Preservation of the audio recording collection in the Sherif Harar City Museum, Ethiopia, EAP656: History in progress Uganda, Part 1: the Ham Mukasa archive, EAP684: Inventory of the National Archives of Burundi

Relevant Institutions : Academic Journals
Africa South of the Sahara : History : Journals (Stanford)
African Studies Centre, Leiden, List of free, Africa related, e-journals
FULL TEXT
Revue africaine : journal des travaux de la Societe historique algerienne 1856-1929, Gallica
Afrique et Histoire 2003-2009, CAIRN
Meroitic Newsletter 1968-2003
Nordic Journal of African Studies 1992-2012
Cahiers d'etudes africaines 1960-2013
Omaly Sy Anio (Hier et Aujourd'hui), revue d'etudes historiques 1975-1996, Madarevues


Reference Material : Bibliography :
The Scarecrow Historical Dictionary series by country contains extensive bibliography sections. See under Historical Dictionaries
National Library of Ethiopia, National Bibliography of Ethiopia
J. Abbink, A Bibliography of Christianity in Ethiopia, African Studies Centre Working Paper 52 2003
J. Abbink, Eritreo-Ethiopian studies in society and history: 1960-1995 : a supplementary bibliography , Leiden
J. Schomberg, Bibliography of English-language books about Somalia (lists titles published since 2000)
A.M. Abdullahi, Annotated Bibliography of Somalia
Tanzanian Studies Association, Works on the Swahili Coast (Bibliography)
T. Geider, A Bibliography of Swahili Literature, Linguistics, Culture and History, Swahili Forum 10 2003, 100 pages; Swahili bibliopgraphy update and contents of Swahili Forum I - VIII
Postcolonial Web, The History of Colonial Kenya: A Selected Bibliography
Tanzanian Studies Association, Works on Tanzania
N-Net Africa, Tanzania Bibliography, excverpts from WWW.AFRICABIB.ORG
M. Karlström, Buganda, A Select Bibliography 1996
J. Murison, Rwanda, a Research Guide
Mayotte Dignite, Livres sur l'Histoire de Mayotte et des Comores
Bibliotheque Nationale, Catalogue de l'histoire de l'Afrique 1895, IA
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, Gallica
V. Tantet, Catalogue methodique de la bibliotheque du ministere des Colonies, 1905, Gallica

Reference Material : Atlases :
S. Kasule, The History Atlas of Africa, NY : Macmillan 1998 [G]
G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, A Modern Atlas of African History, London : Rex Collings 1976 [G]
I. LL. Griffiths, An Atlas of African Affairs, London : Routledge 1984 [G]
J. Murray, Cultural Atlas of Africa, NY : Facts on File (1981) 1995 [G]
University of Texas, Perry Castaneda Library, Map Collection Topographical Maps, Africa
David Rumsey Map Collection, search for East Africa etc.
Distribution of African Languages, map from Muturzikin

Reference Material : Statistical Data :
IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Jan Lahmeyer, Population Statistics : Africa; has tables showing historical data

Reference Material : Historical Dictionaries :
J.S. Olson, The Peoples of Africa. An Ethnohistorical Dictionary, Westport Ct : Greenwood 1996 [G]
Ken Shillington, Encyclopedia of African History, vol.2 : H-O, NY : Taylor & Francis 2005, vol.3 : P-Z, 2005 [G]
Scarecrow Historical Dictionaries by Country, volumes Burundi 1997, Ethiopia and Eritrea 1994, Kenya 1981, Rwanda 1994, Somalia 1975, Tanzania 1978, Zimbabwe 1979 [G]

Reference Material : Lists of Rulers (Archontology):
Regnal Chronologies, East Africa, Southern Africa (for Madagascar)
Ben Cahoon, World Statesmen
I. Mladjov, Monarchs


Primary Sources : surveys
Ch.11 : De Scriptoribus Rerum Africanarum atque Americanarum, pp.263-273 (Africa pp.263-268), in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
WHKMLA : Online Catalogues of Oriental Manuscripts, Codices, Early Printed Books; numerous relevant entries
Annual Departmental Reports Relating to Kenya and the East Africa High Commission, 1903/4-1963 1984, Uganda 1903-1961 1978
Government Publications relating to Kenya (including the East Africa High Commission and the East African Common Services Organisation) 1897-1963 1976, Tanganyika, 1919-1961 1979, Uganda 1900-1962 1976, Zanzibar, 1860-1963 1979
Durham University, Resources for Sudanese Studies in Durham
Les Sources de l'Histoire moderne et contemporaine africaine, DEA 1999
Medieval Nubia : Guide to the Texts
Colonial Film, Moving Images of the British Empire
Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English language)

Primary Sources : compilations
E. Hertslet (ed.), The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol.1 1894, vol.2 1887, vol.3 1896, IA
Internet African History Sourcebook
Swahili Manuscripts Project, SOAS
D. Nurse, Historical Texts from the Swahili Coast, pt.I, pt.II
C. Guillain (ed.), Documents sur l'histoire, la geographie et le commerce de l'Afrique Orientale 1856, IA
Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres (F), Documents Diplomatiques, Affaires de Madagascar, 1881-1883 1883, Gallica, 1882-1883 1884, Gallica, 1884-1886 1886, Gallica, 1885-1895 1895, Gallica, 1896 1896, Gallica, Affaires d'Ethiopie 1906 1906, Gallica
Records of the Department of State relating to internal affairs of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), 1910-1929, 1962, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
C. Beccari, Rerum aethiopicarum scriptores occidentales inediti a saeculo XVI ad XIX, Open Library List of Volumes, vol.3 1906, vol.4 1906, vol.6 1907, vol.8 1908, IA
H. Pennec, La correspondence royale Ethiopienne-Europeen de 1607 n.d.
Mediaval Nubia : A Sourcebook
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents
UN General Assembly, Resolutions
UN Security Council, Resolutions
UK Treaties Online

Primary Sources : explorers' travelogues
B. Tellez, The Travels of the Jesuits in Ethiopia, 2 vols., 1710, GB (Pero de Covilha, Christopher da Gama, F. Gonzalo Rodriguez, A. de Oviedo, Pedro Paes etc.)
Medieval Sourcebook, Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354
Duarte Barbosa, A Description of the Coasts of East Africa and Malabar (early 16th c.) 1866, IA
A voyage to Abyssinia by Father Jerome Lobo 1789, GB
J. Bruce, Travels, between the years 1768 and 1773, through Africa into Abyssinia 1805, GB
G.A. Hoskins, Travels in Ethiopia, above the Second Cataract of the Nile, 1835, GB
Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, 1856, GB
Richard Burton, The Lakes Region of Central Africa vol.1 1860, GB
J.L. Krapf, Travels, Researches, and Missionary Labours in Eastern Africa 1860, GB
W. Simpson, Diary of a Journey to Abyssinia 1868 2002, GB
J. Thomson, Through Masai land: a journey of exploration among the snowclad volcanic mountains and strange tribes of eastern equatorial Africa. Being the narrative of the Royal Geographical Society's Expedition to mount Kenia and lake Victoria Nyanza, 1883-1884 vol.1 1887, IA
M.F. Sheldon, Sultan to sultan. Adventures among the Masai and other tribes of East Africa 1892, IA
A. Arkell-Hardwick, An Ivory Trader in North Kenia: The Record of an Expedition Through Kikuyu to Galla-land in East Africa 1903, IA

Primary Sources : yearbooks
GENERAL
Britannica Book of the Year 1913, 1942-1997, 1999, 2002 [G]; KMLA Library has vol. 1998, 2006
Statesman's Yearbook 1878, 1889, 1895, 1898, 1901-1902, 1904-1907, 1910, 1912, 1918, 1919, 1924-1926, 1928-1929, 1932-1933, 1937, 1942-1943, 1961-1962, 1962-1963, 1970-1971, 1973-1974, 1975-1976 to 1976-1977, 1978-1979 to 2011
Statesman's Yearbook 1867 IA, 1868 IA, 1869 IA, 1871 IA, 1872 IA, 1873 IA, 1874 IA, 1875 IA, 1876 IA, 1877 IA, 1878 IA, 1879 IA, 1880 IA, 1881 IA, 1882 IA, 1883 IA, 1884 IA, 1885 IA, 1886 IA, 1887 IA, 1888 IA, 1889 IA, 1890 IA, 1891 IA, 1892 IA, 1894 IA, 1895 IA, 1896 IA, 1899 IA, 1903 IA, 1913 IA, 1919 IA, 1921 IA
Americana Annual 1927-1928, 1930-1941, 1943-1947, 1950-1954, 1957-1981, 1983-1990, 1992-1995, 1997-1998, 2000-2002, 2005-2006, 2008
(New) International Yearbook 1898-1900, 1907-1910, 1913-1914, 1916-1926, 1928-1935, 1937-1946, 1954, 1957, 1959, 1961-1962 [G]; Internet Archive provides links to scans of volumes of 1925-1959
Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1968, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1989 [G]
Yearbook of the United Nations, 1946-2007
NATIONAL (Staatskalender)
Annuaire de Madagascar et dependances 1892, 1899, 1900, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905, 1907, in French, IA
Gouvernement-general de Madagascar et dependances, Annuaire general, 1905, 1908-1914, 1916-1918, 1926, Gallica
Deutscher Kolonialatlas mit Jahrbuch (German Colonial Atlas with Yearbook), Deutsch-Ostafrika section, in English translation 1905 pp.15-18, 1906 pp.15-18, 1907 pp.17-20, 1908 pp.16-19, 1909 pp.22-26, 1910 pp.22-27, 1913 pp.27-32, 1914 pp.30-36, 1918 pp.20-25, posted on psm-data
Digitized Books from Kenya 1905-1938, Uganda 1904-1920, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
British Online Archives, Kenya Blue Books 1901-1946, Tanganyika Blue Books 1921-1948, Uganda Blue Books 1901-1945, Zanzibar Blue Books 1913-1947
Bolton's Mauritius almanac, and official directory 1851, IA

Primary Sources : Historiography
A. bin Hemedi'lAjjemy, The Kilindi, 1963 [G]
Sad, Abd al-Ramn ibn Abd Allh [1596-1656], Ta'rikh al-Sudan 1898, IA

Primary Sources : Mission Journals
Mission Periodicals Online, from Yale Univ. Library
Magazin für die neueste Geschichte der evangelischen Missions- und Bibelgesellschaften 1818, 1820, 1824, 1827, 1831, 1832, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1841, 1850, 1853, 1867 GB; 1818-1856 from Yale Univ. Library
Church Missionary Society (London), Missionary Register, GB; vol.11 1823, vol.12 1824, vol.14 1826, vol.16 1828, vol.17 1829, vol.20 1832, vol.30 1842, vol.36 1848, vol.38 1850
London Missionary Society, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, 1860, 1862, 1864-I, IA; 1848-1866 at Yale Univ. Library (full view)
Annales de la propagation de la foi 1834-1933, Gallica

Primary Sources : historic commercial directories etc.
W. Beawes, Lex mercatoria rediviva; or, The merchant's directory. 1754 ed. IA, of the Trade of Africk pp.613-620; 1792 ed. IA, pf the Trade of the African Coast pp.771-783, of the Trade of the African Islands pp.783-786
W. Dickinson, Universal Commerce, 1818, GB; Africa p.2
C. Vere, The pocket cambist, containing tables of monies of the principal cities in all parts of the world 1836, GB; Mauritius, or Ile de France (!) p.15
Knight's cyclopaedia of the industries of all nations 1851, IA; Africa pp.39-44

Primary Sources : other
Foreign Relations of the United States, 1861-1960
Oriental Coins Database
UNESCO World Heritage : Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe, Aksum, Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela (Ethiopia), Lamu Old Town; Stone Town, Zanzibar
Archnet Historic Sites; special focus on the Muslim World
Venona Files, Political Activity in East Africa 1943, IA
J. Boyes, A white king in East Africa; the remarkable adventures of John Boyes, trader and soldier of fortune, who became king of the savage Wa-Kikuyu 1912, IA
F. Hirth, Early Chinese Notices of East African Territories, Journal of the American Oriental Society 30, 1909, IA
Ahmad Ibn Magid [1431-1510], The Poem of Sofala. Arab Navigation along the East African Coast in the 15th Century, 1982, GB
Sudan penal code, 1899, IA
Somaliland Protectorate, Ordinnances and Regulations, 1901-1905 IA

Surveys
G.S. Were et al., East Africa through a Thousand Years, N.Y. : Africana (1968) 1984 [G]
H.C. Lodge, Africa, vol.19 of The History of Nations, 1906, IA

Specific Topics : by period
UNTIL 600 BCE
The Prehistory of East Africa, chapter 19 pp.196-209 in J. Ki-Zerbo, Methodology and African Prehistory, vol.I abr.ed. of UNESCO General History of Africa 1989 [G]
B.M. Fagan, People of the Earth. An Introduction to World Prehistory, 2001 [G]; ch.6 : Africans and Australians 45.000 B.P. to Modern Times pp.184-203, ch.11 First Farmers in Egypt and Tropical Africa pp.292-303, ch.16 [Early Civilization] Egypt, Nubia, and Africa pp.412-452
L.S.B. Leakey, Notes on the stone age cultures of East Africa 1931, IA
600 BCE TO 600 CE
Bantu Peoples and Migration
C. de Filippo et al., Bringing together linguistic and genetic evidence to test the Bantu expansion, Proceedings of the Royal Society 2012
600 CE TO 1450 CE
L.M. Devic, Le pays des Zendjs; ou, La cote orientale d'Afrique au moyen-age ... d'apres les ecrivains arabes 1883, IA
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 3 : Historical Relations across the Indian Ocean, 1980
P. Beaujard, East Africa, the Comoros Islands and Madagascar before the sixteenth century. On a neglected part of the World-System, Azania XLII 2007
1450 CE TO 1750 CE
Chapter 24 pp.345-367 : The Horn of Africa, ch.25 pp.368-380 : East Africa : the Coast, ch.26 pp.381-406 : The Great Lakes Region 1500-1800, ch.27 pp.407-417 : The interior of East Africa : the peoples of Kenya and Tanzania, ch.28 pp.418-439 : Madagascar and the islands of the Indian Ocean in : B.A. Ogot, Africa from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, vol.V abridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa (1992) 1999 [G]
1750 CE TO 1914 CE
African Initiatives and Resistance in East Africa, chapter 7 pp.72-82; ch.10 pp.108-119 Madagascar 1880s-1930s, chapter 26 pp.279-288 Politics and nationalism in East Africa, in A. Adu Boahen, Africa under Colonial Domination 1880-1935, vol.VII abr.ed. of UNESCO General History of Africa 1990 [G]
T. Jeal, Explorers of the Nile, New Haven : Yale UP 2011 [G] narrative, focusing on British explorers of the Congo, Uganda, Southern Sudan
John Gunther, Inside Africa [1953] 1955, [G]
M. Fortes et al., African Political Systems [1940] 1950, IA; chaptrers on the Ankole, Nuer
C.P. Lucas, South and East Africa 1898, IA
H.H. Johnston, A History of the Colonization of Africa by Alien Races 1905, IA
A. Kavas, Ottoman Empire's Relations with Southern Africa 2007
H. Babavatan, The Understanding of 'Afrika-yi 'Osmani' in the Late Ottoman Period: The Case of Zanzibar thesis 2003
G. Campbell (ed.), Abolition and its Aftermath in Indian Ocean Africa and Asia, n.d.
SINCE 1914
Chapter 9 pp.221-248 : The struggle for political sovereignty in Eastern Africa, 1945 to independence, in A.A. Mazrui, Africa since 1935, vol.VIII unabridged edition of UNESCO General History of Africa 1999, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 960 M476g
UNESCO, The Decolonization of Southern Africa and the Horn of Africa 1978 Conference; published 1981
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 7 : Historical and Socio-cultural Relations between Black Africa and the Arab World since 1935, 1984
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 10 : Africa and the Second World War, 1985
UNESCO General History of Africa, Studies and Documents 12 : The Role of African student movements in the political and social evolution of Africa from 1900 to 1975 1994

Specific Topics : Historiography
D. Ndeda, Nationalist Historiography in Kenya
J. Haustein, Writing Religious History: The Historiography of Ethiopian Pentecostalism, 2011
D.R. Woolf, A Global Encyclopedia of Historiographical Writing, 2 vols. 1998; African Historiography - Sub-Saharan, pp.11-13 [G]
H. Ishikawa, Northern Ethiopian Historiography during the Second Half of the Solomonic Period ( 1540-1769) 2011

Specific Topics : social history
P.E. Lovejoy, Transformations in Slavery. A History of Slavery in Africa, Cambridge : UP 3rd ed. 2012 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 306.3 L897t
R.M. Gonzales, Societies, History, and Religion. Central East Tanzanians and the World they Created, c.200 B.C. to 1800 C.E., Project Gutenberg
C.M. Eastman, Service, slavery (utumwa) and Swahili social reality.
R. Hayashi, Long term population dynamics in Africa: A perspective from the urban structure 2007
G. Dahl et al., Precolonial Beja: A Periphery at the Crossroads 2006
Egypte, Nubie, Darfour et Cordofan pp.101-193, Abyssinie, Cote d'Habesch, pays d'Adel pp.193-233, Ajan, Zanguebar, Moçambique, Cafrerie, le Cap, Hotentotie, Madagascar etc. pp.233-301 in C. Henricy, Les moeurs et costumes de tous les peuple : Afrique, 1847, Gallica

Specific Topics : economic history
B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia, Oceania 1750-2000, 4th ed. 2003 [G]
South Africa, Department of Mines and Industries, Report on trade conditions in British East Africa, Uganda and Zanzibar (1919), IA
H.A. Fraser, The East African slave trade, and the measures proposed for its extinction : as viewed by residents in Zanzibar (1871), IA
G.L. Sulivan, Dhow chasing in Zanzibar waters and on the eastern coast of Africa. Narrative of five years' experiences in the suppression of the slave trade (1873), IA

Specific Topics : history of religion
T.O. Ranger et al., The Historical Study of African Religion, Berkeley UP 1972 [G]
G. Parrinder, World Religions from Ancient History to the Present, [1971] 1983 [G]; Traditional African Religions pp.60-69
J. Kenny O.P., The Catholic Church in Tropical Africa 1445-1850, 1982


Specific Topics : cultural history
Languages of Africa, from Ethnologue; click on country
Heilbrunn Timeline of African History : Eastern and Southern Africa 500-1000, 1000-1400, 1400-1600, Eastern Africa 1600-1800, 1800-1900, 1900 to present
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thematic Essays : African Rock Art of the Northern Zone, African Christianity in Ethiopia, Ethiopia's Enduring Cultural Heritage, Kingdoms of Madagascar : Malagasy Funerary Arts, Malagasy Textile Arts, Maroserana and Merina, The Monumental Stelae of Aksum, Trade and the Spread of Islam in Africa, Tutsi Basketry,
T. Spear, The Shirazi in Swahili Traditions, Culture, and History, History in Africa, Vol.11 (1984), pp.291-305

Specific Topics : Geographic/Ethnographic Compendia, East Africa coverage
Leo Africanus [c.1492-c.1550], The history and description of Africa vol.1 1896, IA; Nubia, Ethiopia, Zanguebar pp.24-59, Islands pp.88-92; vol.II 1896, IA; (Maghreb)
T.F. Ehrmann, Neueste Länder- und Völkerkunde, vol.8, Afrika, 1810, GB
A. du Bois, La Geographie moderne, naturelle historique & politique, vol.4 : Afrique etc., 1736, GB; ch.X Zanguebar pp.772-775; ch.XIII Ethiopie pp.780-787, Ch. XIV Pays des Galles, les cotes d'Ajan at d'Abeche pp.787-791, ch.XV Nubie pp.791-799, ch.XVIII Iles d'Afrique pp.813-820
Thomas Salmon, Modern history or the present state of all nations, 1744-1746 edition vol.3 Ethiopia superior pp.2-8, Zanguebar p.8, African Islands pp.87-97
T.G. Smollett, The Present State of all Nations, vol.8 1769, GB; Ethiopia pp.99-108, Zanguebar pp.108-112, Madagascar etc. pp.222-226
W. Guthrie, A new system of modern geography : or, A geographical, historical, and commercial grammar ; and present state of the several nations of the world ... vol.2 1794, IA; Abyssinia pp.173-185, African Islands pp.199-205
C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, vol.2, 1827, GB; Abyssinia pp.468-485
H. Murray et al., An Encyclopaedia of Geography 1834, GB; Nubia pp.1176-1184, Abyssinia pp.1184-1194, Eastern Africa pp.1252-1255, African Islands pp.1275-1285
Ch.LXXV Abyssinie p.398, Ch.LXXXIII Ile de Madagascar pp.409-411 in X. Heuschling, Manuel de statistique ethnographique universelle 1847, Gallica
E. Reclus, Universal Geography, The Earth and its Inhabitants [1876-1894], vol.10 North East Africa, n.d., vol.13 South East Africa n.d. IA
World Geography Encyclopedia, vol.1 : Africa, 1994, KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 910.3 P238w v.1

Specific Topics : history by country
John Iliffe, A Modern History of Tanganyika, Cambridge : UP (1979) 1987 [G]
Memoirs of an Arabian Princess from Zanzibar. Emily Ruete born Sayyida, Princess of Zanzibar and Oman, Princeton (1888) : Markus Wiener 2000 [G]; 1888 English edition online at IA
Robert Nunez Lyne, Zanzibar in Contemporary Times (1905), NY : Negro Universities Press 1969 [G]
R.F. Burton, Zanzibar: City, Island, and Coast (1872), IA
F.B. Pearce, Zanzibar : the island metropolis of eastern Africa (1920), IA
E. Younghusband, Glimpses of East Africa and Zanzibar (1910), IA
G. Dale, The peoples of Zanzibar, their customs and religious beliefs (1920), IA
J.F. Cunningham, Uganda and its Peoples 1905, IA
L. MacLeod, Madagascar and its People 1865, IA; J. Sibree, Madagascar and its People 1870, IA
A. Wylde, Modern Abyssinia, 1902, IA
GB War Office, Handbook of the Sudan 1898, IA
J.K. Giffen, The Egyptian Sudan 1905, IA
A. del Boca, Gli Italiani in Africa Orientale, 3 vols. 1992 [G]
H.A. Rayne, Sun, sand and Somals; leaves from the note-book of a district commissioner in British Somaliland 1921, IA
P.L. McDermott, British East Africa; or, IBEA; a history of the formation and work of the Imperial British East Africa Company 1893, IA
C.A. Hindlip, British East Africa, past, present, and future 1905, IA


WHKMLA Pages

Since Independence, c.1960- : Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda
Colonial Era, c.1885-c.1960 British East Africa/Kenya, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, German East Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, Italian Somalia, British Somaliland, Sudan, Tanganyika, Uganda, Zanzibar
Pre-Colonial Era : Ethiopia, Swahili Coast

KMLA History Program Papers on Southern African History

Sung Ji Yun, History of Nutrition in East Africa (2012)
Lee, Jaehyun : The European Struggle for the Nile Valley and the Motives and Factors Behind the British Decision to Invade the Sudan (2011)