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Literature on the History of East Africa
Eritrea Somalia
First posted on February 10th 2009







The Sultanate of Harar was established, when the capital of the Sultanate of Adal was relocated from Zeila to Harar in 1520. Early on threatening the existence of the adjacent Empre of Ethiopia; in the 1550es Harar was fortified by a city wall. The Sultanate of Harar remained independent until conquered by Egypt in 1875; from 1885 to 1887 it briefly enjoyed independence again, until conquered by Ethiopia. When the railroad connecting Djibouti and Addis Ababa was constructed bypassing Harar, the city began to decline.











WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Article : Harar, from Wikipedia; from Harar Berii
Harar, the History of Ethiopia's Muslim City, from CPA Media
Links, General Category : Harari Region, from Wikipedia
Timelines Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History : Eastern Africa 1600-1800, from Metropolitan Museum of Art
Accounts of History Article : Harar, from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Entries Articles Harrar, from EB 1911
Article Harar, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Military
Economy & Finances
Ethnography
Religion
Institutions
Biographies
Bibliographies Search ISBN Database for Harar ..
RHS Bibliography, search for Harar
Others Harari Relief and Development Association Objective & History

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen Sultans of Harar Governors of Harar Province from World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon; from Rulers (B. Schemmel; has list of governors of H.); Regnal Chronologies : Eastern Africa, scroll down for Harar
Document Collections
Archives, Musea, Libraries
National Symbols Flag of Harari National egional State, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Coin Catalog of Harar, from Numismaticon
Search Coin Archives for Harar
East Africa Sultanates : al-Harar, from Zeno

BIBLIOGRAPHY
On Africa, East Africa
General Histories Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.17, pp.823-830 Article Eastern Africa : Ethiopia. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.17
A.H.M. Jones, A History of Abyssinia (1935), posted on Internet Archive
R.F. Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa; Or, An Explanation of Harar (1856), posted on Internet Archive
Ph.V. Paulitschke, D. Kammel von Hardegger, Die geographische Erforschung der Adal-Länder und Harar's in Ost-Afrika. (1884) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Madrolle, Guide du voyageur: Indo-Chine, Canal de Suez, Djibouti et Harar Indes .. (1902) in French, posted on Internet Archive