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Literature on the History of East Africa
Tanzania Uganda
First posted on July 2nd 2002, last revised on November 10th 2013

History of British East Africa/Kenya : Narrative . References : Online Secondary Sources . Online Primary Sources . Bibliographic and Print Sources

For the country's earlier history, see History of the Swahili Coast
1500-1886 . 1886-1918 . 1918-1963 . since 1963

1500s to 1886
In precolonial European texts written in the 16th to 19th century, the coast of modern-day Kenya is regarded part of Zanguebar, a contemporary term for the Swahili coast. The most important trade centers on the Kenyan stretch of the Swahili Coast were Mombasa and Lamu. From the early 16th to the end of the 17th century, Portugal held key positions on the Northern Swahili Coast (Mombasa, Kilwa, Zanzibar). In 1698 they were ousted by forces of the Sultanate of Oman. In 1840 the Sultanate of Zanzibar became independent from Oman; nominally it controlled the Northern Swahili Coast, but soon Mombasa under the Mazrui Dynasty was independent.

In the course of the Scramble for Africa, the European powers ignored the claim of the Sultanate of Zanzibar on the Northern Swahili Coast. Britain claimed British East Africa (Kenya) with Mombasa, its borders being established by treaties with Germany (German East Africa) and Italy (Italian Somaliland).
From 1886 to 1895, the nascent colony and protectorate was administrated by the Imperial British East Africa Company.
Among its problems : there was no navigable river connecting the coast with the interior; the establishment of such a connection was, however, of vital importance to Britain's claim on Uganda. The IBEAC did not have the funds to construct the necessary railroad. So British East Africa was transferred to the Colonial Office in 1895, and Frederick Lugard appointed governor. He oversaw the construction of the railroad (the "Lunatic Express"). Nairobi was to grow out of a temporary camp for workers on this railroad.

In 1917 Kenya and Uganda formed a customs union. In 1921 the East African Shilling was introduced as a common currency, also used in Tanganyika and other British colonies in the region. In 1927 Tanganyika (until 1916/1919 German East Africa) joined the Kenya-Uganda customs union. The immigration of Asians intensified.
In 1925 Britain ceased part of Kenya, the Jubaland, to Italy (Italian Somaliland) in order to appease Mussolini.
In 1952 the Mau-Mau Rebellion began, a guerilla campaign targeting isolated farms and police stations. Although it lasted on until 1960, militarily it was defeated by the British authorities. But the stage was set for independence; the British administration and the white settlers no longer viewed Kenya as the idyllic scenery portrayed in novels/movies such as "Out of Africa". In 1963, Kenya was released into independence. Mau-Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta was released from jail and assumed the presidency.

Since 1963
Kenya did not pursue a policy of socialist experiments, and long was regarded one of the more successful countries in Africa. Transition of power from Jomo Kenyatta (1963-1978) to Daniel Arap Moi (1978-2002) had been smooth. In 1997 Kenya experienced ethnic violence in the context of a contested presidential election.
Kenya was/is affected by the political instability its neighbours Uganda (1971-1986), Ethiopia (1975-1991) and Somalia (since 1991) went/go through.

Historical Atlas, Kenya Page .. British East Africa Page

Students' Paper : Sung Ji Yun, History of Nutrition in East Africa (2012)

Country Profiles . Links . Organizations . Accounts of History . Politics . Military History . Economic History . Social History . Ethnography
History of Religion . Regional History . Local History . Institutions . Culture . Biography . Environmental History . Others
Country Profiles Modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference; Index Mundi, Nations Encyclopedia
Article : Kenya, from Wikipedia
Country Profile : Kenya, from ISS; from IRIN (UN)
Historical J.B. Purvia, Handbook to British East Africa and Uganda (1900), IA
D. Mills, The English in Africa (1900), IA, chapters V, VI : British East Africa, pp.106-158
Ch.A. Hindlip, Ch. Eliot, British East Africa: Past, Present, and Future (1905), IA
A.G. Anderson, Our newest colony : being an account of British East Africa and its possibilities as a new land for settlement .. (1910), IA
N.K. Strange, Kenya Dawn (1920), IA
Links General from from African Studies at UPenn; from Africa South of the Sahara at Stanford; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Kenya, from Wikipedia
on History Category : History of Kenya, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionaries East Africa Living Encyclopedia
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News, by Jacob Crawfurd
Accounts of History Current from Wikipedia; from Maps of the World
Specific Periods J.W. Gregory, The foundation of British East Africa (1901), IA
P.L. McDermott, British East Africa; or, IBEA : A History of the Formation and Work of the Imperial British East .. (1893), IA
E.L. Bentley, F.D. Lugard, British East Africa and Uganda: A Historical Record Compiled from Captain Lugard's and Other .. (1892), IA
I. Henderson, P. Goodhart, Man Hunt in Kenya (1958), IA
DADM, British Kenya 1920-1963, Kenya 1963-present
M.E. Farquhar, Kenya from Mau Mau to independence, thesis UBC 1965
Kenyan History : the Omani Hegemony, from Timothy F. Bliss
The Partition of Africa and the 'Lunatic Express' 1884 - 1902 , from Kenya Online : Hakuna Matata
Pioneers and White Hunters 1902 to 1931, from Kenya Online : Hakuna Matata
Article : Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC), from Wikipedia
Politics Politics of Kenya, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Kenya
Governments on the WWW : Kenya
Kenya Profile, from International Crisis Group
J. Mahoney, The Sino-Kenyan Relationship: An Analysis of African Motivation for Engaging with China, thesis Williams 2010
J. Bademosi, The Kenyan Intervention in Somalia : Ethical Dilemmas, thesis Georgetown 2012
T.H.R. Cashmore, Studies in District Administration in the East Africa Protectorate (1895-1918), thesis Cambridge 1965
P.J.O. Ochilo, Press Freedom and the Role of the Media in Kenya, Africa Media Review Vol. 7 No. 3 1993
The MacKinnon Treaty, by Hugh Fergusson
Kenya : The Party System in 1950-1956 and 1957-1962, in : Kenneth Janda, Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey
J.R. Nellis, The Ethnic Composition of Leading Kenyan Government Positions, Nordic Africa Institute 1974
J. Horowitz, Ethnic Groups and Campaign Strategy in Kenya's 2007 Election 2009
S. Elischer, Ethnic Coalitions of Convenience and Commitment: Political Parties and Party Systems in Kenya 2008
C. Hornsby, Kenyan MPs, an analysis covers 1963-2003
Article : Kikuyu Home Guard, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of Kenya, 1800-1999, from ACED
Kenya 1952-1960, from Britain's Small Wars
Orders, Decorations and Medals from Kenya, posted by Jean Paul le Blanc, from ODM
Article Kenya Regiment, List of World War II Prisoner of War Camps in Kenya, from Wikipedia
M. White, Death Tolls for the Multicides of the Twentieth Century, Kenya : Colonial Wars, 1905, Mau Mau Rebellion, 1952-1956, Border Dispute with Somalia, 1963-1967, Kenya : Ethnic Clash 1991
J.R.L. MacDonald, Soldiering and Surveying in British East Africa, 1891-1894 (1897), IA
M. Owino, 'For your tomorrow, we gave our today': A history of Kenya African soldiers in the Second World War, thesis Rice 2004
From British Military Medals : East & West Africa Medal, 1887-1900
Witu Campaign Medals 1890 and 1893, from East and West Africa Medal by british-forces.com; also Juba River Campaign 1893
CASCON Case SEK : Somalia - Ethiopia - Kenya 1960-1964, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
German P.O.W.s held in Kenya, from Kriegsgefangen.de, text in English
How Britain crushed the MauMau Rebellion 1952-1959, by B. Slaughter, from World History Archives
Economy & Finances Entry Kenya, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor; Currency Boards and Dollarization by Kurt Schuler; click for Kenya
Article Economy of Kenya, from Wikipedia; Economy of Kenya, from Maps of the World
Category : Economy of Kenya, from Wikipedia
National Labour Law Profile : Kenya, from ILO
EAC in Brief, from EACHQ
Article Nairobi Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
Global Integrity : Kenya 2004, Kenya 2006, Kenya 2007
Pages from World Bank History : East African Mediation (1977)
History of National Bank of Kenya; of KCB Kenya, of Barclays Bank of Kenya
H. Brode, British and German East Africa, their economic & commercial relations (1911), IA
South Africa, Department of Mines and Industries, Report on trade conditions in British East Africa, Uganda and Zanzibar (1919), IA
T.J. O'Shea, Farming & planting in British East Africa. A description of the leading agricultural centres and an account of agricultural conditions and prospects (1917), IA
B.F.G. Cranworth, A colony in the making : or, Sport and profit in British East Africa (1912), IA
C.B. Kerata, Agricultural History of the Abakuria of Kenya from the end of the Nineteenth Century to the Mid 1970s, thesis Egerton 1995
D.V. Ferrand, Discontinuity in Development. Kenya's Middle-Scale Manufacturing Industry, thesis Durham 1999
T.C.I. Ryan, The Monetization of Kenya 1824 to 1924, 2007
Wharton Financial Institutions Center : Kenya
C.J. Martin, The Development and Diversity of National Income Series in East Africa since 1947, African Studies in Income and Wealth, 1962
R.W. Johnson, Tobacco production and trade in southern Africa, 1975, IA on Rhodesia, Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, The Malagasy Republic, Zaire, The Republic of South Africa, Mozambique, Angola
Social History Education
A. Cannon, A Life of One's Own: Women's Education and Economic Empowerment in Kenya, thesis Duke 2011
A.Y. Abdi, Education, Conflict and Development: The Case of Northern Kenya, thesis Univ. of London 2012
B.W. Churu et al., The Catholic Church and Schools in Kenya: A Historical Perspective on Education for Holistic Development. Part I: From the Colonial period to Foundations of an Education dispensation for Independent Kenya. n.d.
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Kenya
M.M. Ngigi, A Geographical Study of the AIDS Pandemic in Kenya, thesis Tsukuba n.d.
M. Müller, Experiencing Empowerment in Kenya's Suburban Slum. The Role of Self-Help Groups in Women's Fight against AIDS, thesis Roskilde 2007
Kenya, from Crime and Society, A Comparative Crimonology Tour of the World (R. Winslow)
C.C. Buswell, Woman's Identity and Moral Authority under Colonial Rule in Kenya, thesis Flinders 2012
A. Cannon, A Life of One's Own: Women's Education and Economic Empowerment in Kenya, thesis Duke 2011
M. Müller, Experiencing Empowerment in Kenya's Suburban Slum. The Role of Self-Help Groups in Women's Fight against AIDS, thesis Roskilde 2007
Discrimination against Ethnic Groups
E. Miguel et al., Ethnic Diversity, Social Sanctions, and Public Goods in Kenya 2004
T. Parsons, Being Kikuyu in Meru : Challenging the Tribal Geography of Colonial Kenya Journal of African History 53 2012 pp.65-86
Professional Groups
P.A.A. Swanepoel, Indifferent justice? A history of the judges of Kenya and Tanganyika, 1897-1963 , thesis Edinburgh 2010
Ethnography Category Languages of Kenya, from Wikipedia
Languages of Kenya (61), from Ethnologue
Country Report : Kenya, from U.S. Committee for Refugees
Migration Information Source : Kenya
Kenya : Kalenjin, Kikuyu, Kisii, Luhya, Luo, Maasai, Somalis, from Minorities at Risk
Art and Life in Africa : Kenya
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Kenya
G. Lindblom, The Akamba in British East Africa; an ethnological monograph 1920, IA
Article : Maasai People, from Wikipedia
Peachtree Publishers, Brief History of the Maasai
R.T. Snider, Land Tenure, Ecotourism, and Sustainable Livelihoods: "Living on the Edge" of the Greater Maasai Mara, Kenya thesis Waterloo 2012
J. Kamau, The Ogiek : History of a Forgotten People
Article : Indians in Kenya, from Wikipedia
East Africa Living Encyclopedia : Kenya, Ethnic Groups
G.M. Shepherd, The Comorians in Kenya : The Establishment and Loss of an Economical Niche, thesis LSE 1982
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Kenya, from Kirken i Norge
Category : Religion in Kenya, from Wikipedia
Kenya, from Jewish Virtual History Tour; Kenya, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
D.C. Sperling, The growth of Islam among the Mijikenda of the Kenya coast, 1826-1933, thesis Univ. of London 1988
by Region Category : Provinces of Kenya, Subdivisions of Kenya, from Wikipedia
Article Provinces of Kenya, from Wikipedia
Provinces of Kenya, from www.statoids.com
Districts of Kenya, from www.statoids.com
J.M. Merklin, Countries and Territories of the 20th Century, 2009 : British East Africa Protectorate 1900-07-08, British East Africa Colony and Protectorate 1908-07-08, 1918-07-08, Kenya Colony and Protectorate 1928-07-08, 1938-07-08, 1948-07-08, 1958-07-08, Republic of Kenya 1968-07-08, 1978-07-08, 1988-07-08, 1998-07-08, 2008-07-08
Wituland (Deutsch-Witu), from Deutsche Schutzgebiete, in English
A. Abdullahi, Colonial Policies and the Failure of Somali Secessionism in the Northern Frontier District of Kenya, 1890-1968, thesis Rhodes Univ. 1997
Local History List of Cities in Kenya, from Wikipedia
History of Nairobi, of Malindi, Mombasa, Lamu, from Wikipedia
Institutions Kenya, from Airline History
Article Rail Transport in Kenya, from Wikipedia
List of Universities and Colleges in Kenya, University of Nairobi, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Kenya, search Lighthouse Explorer for Kenya
Hans Meyer, Die Eisenbahnen im Tropischen Afrika (The Railroads in Tropical Africa), Leipzig : Duncker & Humblot 1902, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Ugandabahn, pp.140-152
K. Kolossa, The Kenyan Transport System
Cultural History Article Kenya at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Kenyans, from Wikipedia
African Women Bibliographic Database
Dictionary of African Christian Biography
Environmental History Afrotropic Ecoregion, from WWF
Disaster History by Country : Kenya, from Relief Web
R.O. Juma, Turkana Livelihood Strategies and Adaptation to Drought in Kenya, thesis Victoria Univ., Wellington 2009

Historical Data . Statistical Data . Documents Newspapers . Yearbooks . Image Databanks . Archival Deposits . Laws . Historiography
Document Collections . Historical Maps . Historical Encyclopedia Articles . Travelogues . Institutions . National Symbols
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Regnal Chronologies : Eastern Africa, scroll down for Mombasa
Lists of Ambassadors U.S. Ambassadors to Kenya, from NNDB: Chinese Ambassadors to Kenya, from PRC MOFA; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Nairobi (Kenya), from Wikipedia German edition; Embajadores de Mexico en Kenia, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Kenya National Bureau of Statistics
Population Figures from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
World Life Expectancy, Health Profile : Kenya
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Historical Exchange Rates, from FXTop, since 1965
Inflation Rates Trading Economics : Kenya Inflation Rate, 2005-
Index Mundi, Kenya Inflation Rate, 1999-2011
Election Results from Psephos, since 1997; from IFES Election Guide, since 2002; from African Elections Database, since 1961
Search IPU Parline for "Kenya"
EISA Kenya Election Archive
Documents Historical Newspapers Hemerotheques
Online Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Kenya, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers (links)
Individual Articles
Online Yearbooks - Kenya Entries Statesman's Year-Book, British East Africa 1890, pp.163-164, IA, 1891, pp.163-165, IA, East Africa, British 1892, pp.178-179, IA, 1894, pp.179-181, IA, 1895, pp.180-182, IA, 1896, pp.180-182, IA, 1898, pp.180-182, IA, 1899, pp.194-196, IA, 1903, pp.206-208, IA, 1913, pp.174-178, IA, 1919, pp.179-182, IA, 1921, pp.179-182, IA
Staatskalender Digitized Books from Kenya 1905-1938, Digitized Books from the Library of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
British Online Archives, Kenya Blue Books 1901-1946
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Kenya
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Airline Timetable Images : Kenya
Maritime Timetable Images, British India Steam Navigation Co.; P&O Line, Mombassa listed as port of call
Images of Colonial Africa (mostly Kenya, c. 1900), from Billy Graham Center Archive at Wheaton College, photos taken by Laura Neva Collins
Archival Deposits Search National Archives (UK) for British East Africa, Kenya
Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Archive Records
Laws South African Legal Information Institute, Databases (scroll down for East Africa etc.)
Treaties Convention between the United Kingdom and France respecting commercial relations between France and the British Protectorates of East Africa, Central Africa, and Uganda (1905), IA
Consular Reports Supplement to Commerce reports : daily consular and trade reports issued by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce British East Africa and Uganda, 27 Aug. 1915, British East Africa and Uganda, 20 Sept. 1916, British East Africa, 7 Apr. 1917, British East Africa and Uganda, 7 Aug. 1917, British East Africa and Uganda, 23 Oct. 1918, British East Africa, 18 July 1919, IA
Document Surveys British Library, Kenya Official Publications
Document Collections History of Kenya, from World History Archives
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Kenya, from ILO, 49 docs. since 1964
Information by Country : Kenya, from U.S. Committee for Refugees, 7 Reports 1999-2001
Kenya, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
The Constitution of Kenya, 1992, posted by R.C. Bowen
Search Hansard for Kenya
Individual Documents Captain F.D. Lugard, The Rise of Our East African Empire, 1893, from Modern History Sourcebook
Yomo Kenyatta : The Kenya Africa Union is not the Mau Mau, Speech 1952, from Modern History Sourcebook
Documents on British East Africa, Wituland in Protokolle des Reichstags, facsimiles posted by Bayrische Staatsbibliothek :
(1) Agreement achieved by the exchange of notes between Great Britain and Germany on Oct. 29th and Nov. 11th 1886, regarding the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the delimitation of the British and German spheres of interest in East Africa, click : 1871-1895, click : 1884-1887, click : Band.104 Anlagen 1-56, click : Anlagen Nr.54-56. all 4 pages (pp.367-370) contain the text, both in English and German
(2) Denkschrift ueber die Deutschen Schutzgebiete (Memorandum concerning the German protectorates), 1885, click : 1871-1894, click : 1884-1887, click : Band 98 Anlagen 1-112, click : Anlagen 43-44, pp.134-137 and Anlagen 45 p.138 contain the text, in German, Gothic font; on the Deutsch-Ostafrikanische Gesellschaft pp.135-136, on Wituland pp.137-138, in German
(3) Sammlung von Aktenstuecken, die Ermordung von Deutschen in Witu betreffend (Collection of documents concerning the murder of Germans at Witu), 1890, click : 1871-1895, click : 1890-1893, click : Band 137, Anlagen 141-192, click : Anlagen 161,162,163,164, pp.1172-1189, in German, Gothic font
US Trade Mission .., Report of the 1963 Trade Mission to Kenya, Tanganyika, Uganda, 1964, IA
Historical Maps responsible institutions Survey of Kenya, National Mapping Agencies of Africa
collections : Africa Historical Maps of Africa, University of Alabama
collections : Kenya see Historical Atlas of Kenya, at this site
Kenya Maps, from
Maps of the World
Kenya Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Kenya, Maps of the History of Kenya, from Wikimedia Commons
David Rumsey Map Collection : Kenya
Africa, Modern Africa 1905, 1912, 1938, 1959, 1967, 1993, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Africa, Contemporary Historical Map of Africa 1885, Nations Online Project
Africa 1885, PCL, UTexas
Africa 1909, World Maps Online
Africa 1910, Emerson Kent
Africa 1913, Zonu
Kenya, Modern Linguistic Map of Central and East Africa, Muturzukin
Linguistic map of Kenya, from Ethnologue
East Africa 1897, britishempire.co.uk
Unimaps, Kenya 1886
G. Grekin, Kenya 1901
Kenya, Contemporary R. de Lannoy de Bissy, Carte de l'Afrique a l'echelle de 1:2 000 000 36. Lado 1889, 36. Lado 1892, 37. Barderah 1886, 37. Barderah 1888, 37. Barderah 1898, 41. Tabora 1885, 41. Tabora 1892, 42. Zanzibar 1885, 42. Zanzibar 1892, Gallica
Africa 1:2.000.000, U.S. Army Map Service, sheet 20 Adis Abeba (1978), sheet 24 Nairobi (1968), sheet 28 Dar es Salaam (1969), PCL, UTexas
British East Africa 1911, History Today
Kenya 1922, 1932, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary Central Kenya 1925, from britishempire.co.uk
Encyclopedia Entries
Secular Articles British East Africa, Nairobi, Mombasa, from EB 1911, Classic Encyclopedia, Internet Archive Wayback Machine
Article Britisch-Ostafrika, Mombas, Witugebiet, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 4th ed. 1885-1892, in German, Retrobibliothek
Economic British East Africa pp.320-322 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Geographical C.P. Lucas, Geography of South and East Africa 1904, IA; British East Africa pp.121-164
Ethnographical E. Reclus, A.H. Keane, The Earth and its Inhabitants Africa vol.4 : South and East Africa, 1890, IA : Masailand, Kilima-Njaro, Kenia pp.336-377
E. Reclus, A.H. Keane, Africa and its Inhabitants vol.4 1899, IA; British East Africa pp.336-377
Parliamentary Debates
Travelogues Medieval reports from visitors of Kilwa, from University of Minnesota, Dept. of History
Hans Mayr : The Voyage and Acts of Dom Francisco, 1505, from Modern History Sourcebook, paragraphs on Mombasa and Malindi
Institutions Archives Kenya National Archives, from UNESCO Archives Portal
N. Mnjama, Archives and Records Management in Kenya : Problems and Prospects, 2003
Musea Category : Museums in Kenya, from Wikipedia
Museums in Kenya, from International Council of African Museums
Libraries Academic and Research Libraries - Africa, from UNESCO Libraries Portal
Libraries in Kenya, from LibDex
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, posted by R.C. Bowen
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Kenya, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coin Catalog of British East Africa, Coin Catalog of Kenya, from Numismaticon; Kenyan coins from Collections of Coins, bilingual Russian and English page; from World Coin Gallery
Coin Imperial British East Africa Co., from Coin Pictures
East Africa & Uganda, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Stamps Rare East Africa and Uganda Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery, East Africa and Uganda Stamps 1890-1912, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies . Online Libraries . Thesis Servers . Online Journals . General Accounts . Specific Topics . Historical Dictionaries . Statistical Data . Yearbooks
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Kenya survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database AfricaBib : Africana Periodical Literature, African Women, Women Travelers, Explorers and Missionaries to Africa
African Borderlands Research Network : Bibliography
Ethno-Net Africa Database : Kenya, Bibliography
general bibliographies pp.219-276 in B.A. Ogot, Historical Dictionary of Kenya, Metuchen NJ : Scarecrow 1981 [G]
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Postcolonial Web, The History of Colonial Kenya : a Selected Bibliography
ASC Publications, Kenya Coast Bibliography
ARRSE, Crime and Punishment in Colonial Kenya : Bibliography
Kenya Information Preservation Society, Union List of Theses and Dissertations Reflecting Research on Kenya
R.L. Abel, A Bibliography of the Customary Laws of Kenya (with Special Reference to the Laws of Wrongs), Yale 1969
serial publications
general bibliographies
Kenya entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangeres traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Roots Institute, Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
Kenya-Bibliographie, from Afrika-Handbuch, at Univ. of Vienna
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Kenya Aluka, African Online Digital Library (AODL), African Digital Library (ADL)
Thesis Server Registry of Open Access Repositories : Kenya
Open Access Theses and Dissertations
Online Journals Directory of Open Access Journals
General Accounts Foreign Area Studies (FAS), American University, Area Handbook for Kenya, 2nd ed., Washington : USGPO 1976 [G]
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.17, pp.795-803 Article Eastern Africa : Kenya. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.17
Specific Topics Colin Wills, Who killed Kenya ?, London : Dennis Dobson 1953 [G]
Kenya and Uganda, in : Lilian Charlotte, Economic History of Asia and Africa, New Delhi (c. 1926) reprint 1998, pp.499-508 [G]
Michael Twaddle, The Settlement of South Asians in East Africa, pp.74-76 in : Robin Cohen, The Cambridge Survey of World Migration, Cambridge : UP 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. 304.809 C678c
The History of the Mazru'i Dynasty of Mombasa, by Shaykh al-Amin bin Ali al Mazru'i, published by Oxford University Press in Engl. translation
Chapter 18 : Kenya, the Land ans People, pp.310-333; 19 : Kenya, British Rule in Africa, pp.334-357; 20 : Kenya : the Mau Mau, pp.358-378, in : John Gunther, Inside Africa, NY : Harper & Bros. (1953) 1955 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Bethwell A. Ogit, Historical Dictionary of Kenya, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1981 [G]
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. The Americas 1750-2000, London : Palgrave 2003 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year East Africa Protectorate, 1913 pp. 643-644 [G]
British East Africa, 1944 p.127, 1945 pp.124-125, 1946 pp.146-147, 1947 pp.149-150, 1948 pp.139-140, 1949 pp.118-120, 1950 pp.127-128, 1951 pp.124-125, 1952 pp.122-123, 1953 pp.123-124, 1954 pp.121-124, 1955 pp.181-183, 1956 pp.120-122, 1957 pp.180-182 [G]
Kenya, 1958 pp.388-389, 1959 pp.385-386, 1960 pp.379-380, 1961 p.386, 1962 p.382, 1963 pp.499-501, 1964 pp.478-579, 1965 pp.466-468, 1966 pp.438-439, 1967 pp.461-462, 1968 pp.461-462, 1969 pp.447-448, 1970 pp.449-451, 1971 pp.430-431, 1972 p.400, 1973 pp.394-395, 1974 pp.397-398, 1975 pp.422-423, 1976 pp.450-451, 1977 pp.442-443, 1978 pp.477-478, 1979 pp.470-472, 1980 pp.473-474, 1981 pp.475-476, 1982 pp.475-476, 1983 pp.469-470, 1984 pp.469-470, 1985 pp.467-468, 716, 1986 pp.461-462, 714, 1988 pp.391, 634, 1989 pp.390-391, 635, 1990 pp.408, 650, 1993 pp.362-363, 642, 1994 pp.360-361, 643, 1995 pp.432, 643 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook East Africa, British (I.B.E.A.), 1895 pp.180-181 [G]
East Africa, British, 1898 pp.180-181 [G]
East Africa Protectorate, 1901 p.196, 1905 pp.209-212, 1910 pp.170-173 [G]
British East Africa : East African Protectorate, 1919 pp.179-182 [G]
British East Africa : Kenya Colony and Protectorate, 1924 pp.188-191, 1925 pp.191-195, 1926 pp.195-199, 1928 pp.193-197, 1929 pp.194-198, 1932 pp.197-201, 1937 pp.216-220, 227 [G]
Kenya Colony and Protectorate, 1943 pp.208-212 [G]
Kenya, 1970-1971 pp.465-471, 1975-1976 pp.402-406, 1978-1979 pp.753-757, 1980-1981 pp.757-761, 1983-1984 pp.754-758, 1984-1985 pp.755-759, 1985-1986 pp.757-761, 1987-1988 pp.761-765, 1988-1989 pp.763-767, 1989-1990 pp.772-776, 1990-1991 pp.773-777, 1991-1992 pp.773-777, 1992-1993 pp.849-853, 1993-1994 pp.842-846, 1994-1995 pp.835-839, 1995-1996 pp.832-836, 1996-1997 pp.777-781, 1997-1998 pp.787-791, 1998-1999 pp.843-849, 2000 pp.965-971, 2001 pp.942-947, 2002 pp.980-986, 2003 pp.983-989, 2004 pp.988-994, 2005 pp.994-1000 [G]
Americana Annual Kenya Colony and Protectorate, 1927 p.478, 1928 p.434, 1930 p.426, 1931 pp.426-427, 1932 pp.393-394, 1933 p.418, 1934 pp.323-324, 1935 p.386, 1936 p.393, 1937 p.372, 1938 p.362, 1939 p.462, 1940 pp.415-416 [G]
British East Africa, 1930 pp.129-131, 1931 pp.125-126 [G]
Kenya Colony and Protectorate, 1943 p.411, 1944 pp.376-377 [G]
British East Africa, 1945 p.115; Kenya pp.393-394 [G]
British East Africa, 1946 pp.120-123, 1947 pp.98-100 [G]
British East Africa - Kenya, 1957 pp.102-104, 1961 pp.93-94, 1962 pp.91-94 [G]
Kenya, 1963 pp.372-373, 1964 pp.371-372, 1965 p.384, 1967 pp.388-389, 1968 p.386, 1969 p.395, 1970 pp.48, 395-396, 1971 p.387, 1972 pp.381-382, 1973 p.386, 1974 p.324, 1976 pp.72, 325, 1989 p.307, 1990 p.302, 1992 pp.308-309, 1993 p.308, 1994 pp.305-306 [G]
Other Article : East Africa, British, in : International Year Book 1898 p.276 [G]
Article : East Africa Protectorate, in : International Year Book 1898 p.277 [G]
Article : East Africa - British East Africa, in : Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1894 pp.245-246 [G]
South and East African Year Book and Guide, 49th edition, 1949, pp.755-757, 770-808 [G]
History of Kenya Colony and Protectorate, pp.3-5; Kenya pp.18-63, in : Year Book and Guide to East Africa 1963 [G]

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