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Literature on the History of East Africa
Eritrea Somalia
First posted on February 21st 2009, last revised on May 14th 2009







First mentioned in the 12th century.
1720 : France and Sultanate of Tadjoura signd a first commercial treaty
1840 : British East India Company concluded treaty with Sultan of Tadjoura, which allowed the British to use the port facilities at Tadjoura.
1859 : Frenchman Henri Lambert assassinated at Tadjoura.
1862 : France, in a treaty, granted the right to use the facilities of the port of Tadjoura.
1884 : Sultan of Tadjoura accepted establishment of French Protectorate (Territoires Françaises d'Obock, Tadjoura, Danakils et Somalis)
1888 : Several French protectorates in the area merged to Protectorate of the French Somali Coast.
1889 : Slavery in Sultanate of Tadjoura abolished.
1894-1917 : Construction of railroad connecting Djibouti with Addis Ababa; Tadjoura, hitherto leading trading port, lost out to Djibouti
1896 : France recognized the Order Nichan el Anouar (created in 1887 by Sultan of T.) as French Colonial Order


Historic Encyclopedia Entries : Adal 1854-1885






WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles
Links, General
Timelines Timeline, from Djibouti Nation
Histoire de Djibouti, from Legion Etrangere, in French
Google News Archive Search, search for Tadjoura, click Timeline
Accounts of History Historique des Relations Franco-Djiboutiennes, from Ambafrance, in French
Djibouti, from Muslim World Almanac
Encyclopedia Entries Article : Tadschura, Bab-el-Mandeb, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
Military Wars in Ethiopia, Tajura mentioned as Egyptian garrison
Order of Nichan el Anouar (Founded by the Sultan of Tadjoura (Djibouti) 14.10.1887), mentioned on Antiques from A to Z : France Orders, Decorations, Medals; from Speedy Look; from Wikipedia; from Wikipedia French edition; from Emering
Economy & Finances
Ethnography
Religion
Institutions
Biographies
Bibliographies Search ISBN Database for Tadjoura
Search RHS Bibliography for Tajura, Tadjoura
Cities Article : Tadjoura, from Wikipedia
Article : Tadjourah, from Wikipedia French edition
Obock et Tadjoura, from Al Oueb, in French
Others Sultan of Tadjoura, from America's North Shore Journal

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen
Documents Search Hansard for Tajura, Tadjoura, Bab el Mandeb
Search Papers Past for Tajura, Tadjoura, Bab el Mandeb (New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Letter by J.N.A. Rimbaud to "The Bosphore" (Cairo Newspaper), Aug. 1887, posted on Exquisite Corpse, (Engl. trsl.); from Mag4 (French or.), on Tadjoura
Archives, Musea, Libraries
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes
Others Image : Sultan of Tajura 1845, from NYPL Digital Gallery
Images of Tajura c. 1900, posted by Djibouti 2001 by Eric Lafforgue

BIBLIOGRAPHY
On Africa, East Africa
General Histories H.W. Harris, The Highlands of Ethiopia, vol.1 (1844), posted on Internet Archive; Chap. VI: Cast anchor at Tajura on the African coast. Chap. VII: Reception of the Embassy by the Sultan of the seaport, and return visit to His Highness. Chap. VIII: Tajura, " The city of the Slave Merchant".
A.Ch. Cooke, Routes in Abyssinia (1867), posted on Internet Archive; Major Harris* Journey from Tajurreh to Ankobar. D'Hericourt ditto *' ditto J. Isenberg and Krapf ditto ditto.
Richard Burton, First Footsteps in East Africa, or am Expedition of Harar [in 1854-1855], (1895), posted on Internet Archive
E.F. Berioux, The Slave Trade in Africa in 1872 : Principally Carried on for the Supply of Turkey, Egypt, Persia and Zanzibar (1872), posted on Internet Archive
Ch. Johnston, Travels in southern Abyssinia, through the country of Adal to the kingdom of Shoa (1844), vol.1, vol.2, from Internet Archive
Die geographische Erforschung der Adal-Länder und Harar's in Ost-Afrika. Mit Rücksicht auf die Expedition des Dominik Kammel, Edlen von Hardegger. Veröffentlicht von Philipp Paulitschke (1884) in German, posted on Internet Archive