Era of Liberty

Galicia 1772-1795

The First Polish Partition of 1772 allocated Galicia and Lodomeria to Austria, a vast stretch of territory, inhabited by Poles (in the west) and Ruthenians (in the east) in almost equal numbers. Lemberg (Lvov, Lviv) was chosen as the seat of administration.
In 1775 the Ottoman Empire ceded the Bukovina to Austria. The territory, with its partially Ruthenian, partially Moldovan population, was administrated as an annex to Galicia.
Maria Theresia's patent of 1774 permitted foreigners to take up residence in the cities; Joseph II.'s patent of 1781 permitted foreign immigrants to also take up residence in the countryside; his tolerance patent of 1781 promised non-Catholics, from within the country or foreign, religious toleration; protestants from the Pfalz and Mennonites from Switzerland took up the offer.

Halychina - Galicia, by Roman Zakhari (focussing on (Ruthenian) Eastern Galicia
Little Poland, Halicka Province, posted by Paul Havers, Polish Perspective
Arnold Bachmann, Galiziens Mennoniten auf der Wanderschaft (Galicia's Mennonites on the Wandering Path), posted on Galizien Online, in German
Galizien : Basisinformationen (Galicia : Basic Information), from Galizien Online, in German
REFERENCE Enno Meyer, Grundzüge der Geschichte Polens (Main Features of Polish History), Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgemeinschaft 1977
Manfred Hellmann, Daten der Polnischen Geschichte (Dates in Polish History), München : dtv 1985

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000. last revised on June 2nd 2008

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