1920-1934 World War II

Latvia a Dictatorship, 1934-1939

Prime minister KARLIS ULMANIS since 1934 ruled quasi dictatorially. He dissolved the SAEIMA (parliament), outlawed the BALTISCHER BRUDERBUND, a Nazi organization which demanded Latvia to be annexed to the German Empire. In 1936 he assumed the presidency.
Although ruling dictatorially, Ulmanis was no friend of Fascism. During his rule, the economic crisis was overcome and Latvia prospered again.
In 1936; Latvian PETERIS KUZERIS lead a batallion of volunteers defending the republic in the SPANISH CIVIL WAR. In 1937, Stalin awarded him the Order of Lenin; later that year he was tried as a spy, sentenced and executed (in Moscow).

History of Latvia, from vernet.tv
Riga, History of, from vest_ang
Timeline of Latvian History, from timelines.ws, detailed, based on US newspaper reports
Timeline History of Latvia 1927-, from Encyclopedia of World History (Bartleby), click on NEXT to continue
DOCUMENTS Latvian banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
REFERENCE David G. Kirby, The Baltic World 1772-1993, London : Longman 1995
Chapter XXXIV : Poland and the Baltic States, pp.484-495, in : John Gunther, Inside Europe, 1940 war edition, NY : Harper & Bros. 1940 [G]
Article : Latvia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1937 pp.1116-1121 (data of 1935-1937) [G]
Article : Latvia, in : Americana Annual 1936 pp.401-402, 1937 pp.389-390, 1938 pp.370-371, 1939 pp.412-413 [G]
Article : Latvia, in : New International Year Book 1935 p.373, 1938 pp.391-392, 1939 pp.417-418 [G]
Article : Latvia, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1935 pp.321-322, 1936 pp.296-297, 1937 pp.303-304, 1938 pp.305-307, 1939 pp.335-336 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on March 22nd 2007

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